We study the stability of superfluid Fermi gases in deep optical lattices in the BCS-Bose-Einstein condensation (BEC) crossover at zero temperature. Within the tight-binding attractive Hubbard model, we calculate the spectrum of the low-energy Anderson-Bogoliubov (AB) mode as well as the single-particle excitations in the presence of superfluid flow in order to determine the critical velocities. To obtain the spectrum of the AB mode, we calculate the density response function in the generalized random-phase approximation applying the Green's function formalism developed by Côté and Griffin to the Hubbard model. We find that the spectrum of the AB mode is separated from the particle-hole continuum having the characteristic rotonlike minimum at short wavelength due to the strong charge-density-wave fluctuations. The energy of the rotonlike minimum decreases with increasing the lattice velocity and it reaches zero at the critical velocity which is smaller than the pair-breaking velocity. This indicates that the superfluid state is energetically unstable due to the spontaneous emission of the short-wavelength rotonlike excitations of the AB mode instead due to pair breaking. We determine the critical velocities as functions of the interaction strength across the BCS-BEC crossover regime.
|Journal||Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 2009 Dec 29|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics