Interactive four-dimensional space visualization using five-dimensional homogeneous processing for intuitive understanding

Yukihito Sakai, Shuji Hashimoto

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    8 Citations (Scopus)


    We have developed an interactive visualization system that enables people to both experience and intuitively understand 4-D space. We proposed a framework in which people can visualize 4-D space using 5-D homogeneous processing. This way of processing uses 5 × 5 matrices to express various types of transformations and simplifies geometric operations without using any division operations. Therefore, the proposed method improved the system's reliability. We also constructed an interactive environment that associates the user's 3-D position with a 4-D eye point that lies on a 4-D spherical surface surrounding a 4-D solid. The system is composed of a glasses-free 3-D display, a controller pad, and a personal computer. In this environment, we were able to smoothly observe a 4-D solid from an arbitrary 4-D eye point and direction.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1630-1647
    Number of pages18
    JournalKyokai Joho Imeji Zasshi/Journal of the Institute of Image Information and Television Engineers
    Issue number10
    Publication statusPublished - 2006 Oct



    • Cognitive science
    • Computer graphics
    • Data visualization
    • Four-dimensional space
    • Mathematical art
    • Virtual reality

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
    • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition

    Cite this