Pb-Ti-Nb-O ferroelectric thin films with various Nb additions are grown on a Pt/Ti/SiO2/Si substrate at 400°C by metal-organic (MO) CVD. A high density of dome-like surface protrusions is observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) in all the as-prepared films. Both the shape and the size of the surface defects are found to be Nb-content-dependent. The internal microstructure of the protrusions is further characterized by cross-section transmission electron microscopy (XTEM). The origins of these surface defects are discussed, based on the substrate hillock as well as the crystallization behaviour of the film forming precursors during MOCVD. The development of the observed surface defects is modeled using a two-dimensional vector analysis.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 2001 Nov 2|
- Formation mechanisms
- Two-dimensional vector analysis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)