Intimacy in phone conversations: Anxiety reduction for danish seniors with hugvie

Ryuji Yamazaki Skov, Louise Christensen, Kate Skov, Chi Chih Chang, Malene F. Damholdt, Hidenobu Sumioka, Shuichi Nishio, Hiroshi Ishiguro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

There is a lack of physical contact in current telecommunications such as text messaging and Internet access. To challenge the limitation and re-embody telecommunication, researchers have attempted to introduce tactile stimulation to media and developed huggable devices. Previous experiments in Japan showed that a huggable communication technology, i.e., Hugvie decreased stress level of its female users. In the present experiment in Denmark, we aim to investigate (i) whether Hugvie can decrease stress cross-culturally, i.e., Japanese vs. Danish participants (ii), investigate whether gender plays a role in this psychological effect (stress reduction) and (iii) if there is a preference of this type of communication technology (Hugvie vs. a regular telephone). Twenty-nine healthy elderly participated (15 female and 14 male, M = 64.52 years, SD = 5.67) in Jutland, Denmark. The participants filled out questionnaires including State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, NEO Five Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI), and Becks Depression Inventory, had a 15 min conversation via phone or Hugvie and were interviewed afterward. They spoke with an unknown person of opposite gender during the conversation; the same two conversation partners were used during the experiment and the Phone and Hugvie groups were equally balanced. There was no baseline difference between the Hugvie and Phone groups on age or anxiety or depression scores. In the Hugvie group, there was a statistically significant reduction on state anxiety after meeting Hugvie (p = 0.013). The change in state anxiety for the Hugvie group was positively correlated with openness (r = 0.532, p = 0.041) as measured by the NEO-FFI. This indicates that openness to experiences may increase the chances of having an anxiety reduction from being with Hugvie. Based on the results, we see that personality may affect the participants' engagement and benefits from Hugvie. We discuss the implications of the results and further elaborations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number537
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Volume7
Issue numberAPR
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Anxiety
Equipment and Supplies
Telecommunications
Denmark
Communication
Text Messaging
Depression
Technology
Touch
Psychological Stress
Telephone
Internet
Personality
Japan
Age Groups
Research Personnel

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Hugvie
  • Personality
  • Stress
  • Telecommunication

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Yamazaki Skov, R., Christensen, L., Skov, K., Chang, C. C., Damholdt, M. F., Sumioka, H., ... Ishiguro, H. (2016). Intimacy in phone conversations: Anxiety reduction for danish seniors with hugvie. Frontiers in Psychology, 7(APR), [537]. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00537

Intimacy in phone conversations : Anxiety reduction for danish seniors with hugvie. / Yamazaki Skov, Ryuji; Christensen, Louise; Skov, Kate; Chang, Chi Chih; Damholdt, Malene F.; Sumioka, Hidenobu; Nishio, Shuichi; Ishiguro, Hiroshi.

In: Frontiers in Psychology, Vol. 7, No. APR, 537, 2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yamazaki Skov, R, Christensen, L, Skov, K, Chang, CC, Damholdt, MF, Sumioka, H, Nishio, S & Ishiguro, H 2016, 'Intimacy in phone conversations: Anxiety reduction for danish seniors with hugvie', Frontiers in Psychology, vol. 7, no. APR, 537. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00537
Yamazaki Skov R, Christensen L, Skov K, Chang CC, Damholdt MF, Sumioka H et al. Intimacy in phone conversations: Anxiety reduction for danish seniors with hugvie. Frontiers in Psychology. 2016;7(APR). 537. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00537
Yamazaki Skov, Ryuji ; Christensen, Louise ; Skov, Kate ; Chang, Chi Chih ; Damholdt, Malene F. ; Sumioka, Hidenobu ; Nishio, Shuichi ; Ishiguro, Hiroshi. / Intimacy in phone conversations : Anxiety reduction for danish seniors with hugvie. In: Frontiers in Psychology. 2016 ; Vol. 7, No. APR.
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