Intra-abdominal fat accumulation is a hypertension risk factor in young adulthood A cross-sectional study

Atsushi Takeokaa, Jun Tayama, Hironori Yamasaki, Masakazu Kobayashi, Sayaka Ogawaa, Tatsuo Saigoa, Hiroaki Kawano, Norio Abiru, Masaki Hayashida, Takahiro Maeda, Susumu Shirabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Accumulation of intra-abdominal fat is related to hypertension. Despite this, a relationship between hypertension and intra-abdominal fat in young adulthood is not clear. In this study, we verify whether intra-abdominal fat accumulation increases a hypertension risk in young adult subjects. In a cross-sectional study, intra-abdominal fat area was measured using a dual bioelectrical impedance analysis instrument in 697 university students (20.3±0.7 years, 425 men). Blood pressure and anthropometric factors were measured. Lifestyle variables including smoking, drinking, physical activity, and eating behavior were assessed with questionnaire. High blood pressure risk (systolic blood pressure ≥130mm Hg and/or diastolic blood pressure ≥85mm Hg) with increasing intra-abdominal fat area was evaluated. Participants were divided into 5 groups according to their intra-abdominal fat area (≤24.9, 25-49.9, 50-74.9, 75-99.9, and ≥100 cm2). As compared with the values of the smallest intra-abdominal fat area group, the crude and lifestyle-adjusted odds ratios (ORs) were elevated in larger intra-abdominal fat area groups [OR 1.31, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.66-2.80; OR 3.38, 95% CI 1.60-7.57; OR 7.71, 95% CI 2.75-22.22; OR 18.74, 95% CI 3.93-105.64, respectively). The risk increase was observed only in men. Intra-abdominal fat accumulation is related to high blood pressure in men around 20 years of age. These results indicate the importance of evaluation and reduction of intra-abdominal fat to prevent hypertension.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere5361
JournalMedicine (United States)
Volume95
Issue number45
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Intra-Abdominal Fat
Cross-Sectional Studies
Hypertension
Odds Ratio
Blood Pressure
Confidence Intervals
Life Style
Feeding Behavior
Electric Impedance
Drinking
Young Adult
Smoking
Exercise
Students

Keywords

  • Body fat distribution
  • Electric impedance
  • Intra-abdominal fat
  • Sex characteristics
  • Young adult

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Intra-abdominal fat accumulation is a hypertension risk factor in young adulthood A cross-sectional study. / Takeokaa, Atsushi; Tayama, Jun; Yamasaki, Hironori; Kobayashi, Masakazu; Ogawaa, Sayaka; Saigoa, Tatsuo; Kawano, Hiroaki; Abiru, Norio; Hayashida, Masaki; Maeda, Takahiro; Shirabe, Susumu.

In: Medicine (United States), Vol. 95, No. 45, e5361, 01.01.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Takeokaa, A, Tayama, J, Yamasaki, H, Kobayashi, M, Ogawaa, S, Saigoa, T, Kawano, H, Abiru, N, Hayashida, M, Maeda, T & Shirabe, S 2016, 'Intra-abdominal fat accumulation is a hypertension risk factor in young adulthood A cross-sectional study', Medicine (United States), vol. 95, no. 45, e5361. https://doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000005361
Takeokaa, Atsushi ; Tayama, Jun ; Yamasaki, Hironori ; Kobayashi, Masakazu ; Ogawaa, Sayaka ; Saigoa, Tatsuo ; Kawano, Hiroaki ; Abiru, Norio ; Hayashida, Masaki ; Maeda, Takahiro ; Shirabe, Susumu. / Intra-abdominal fat accumulation is a hypertension risk factor in young adulthood A cross-sectional study. In: Medicine (United States). 2016 ; Vol. 95, No. 45.
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