Intraoperative diffusion-weighted imaging for visualization of the pyramidal tracts. Part II: Clinical study of usefulness and efficacy

N. Ozawa, Y. Muragaki, R. Nakamura, H. Iseki

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    12 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Precise identification and preservation of the pyramidal tract during surgery for parenchymal brain tumors is of crucial importance for the avoidance of postoperative deterioration of the motor function. The technique of intraoperative diffusion-weighted imaging (iDWI) using an intraoperative MR scanner of low magnetic field strength (0.3 Tesla) has been developed. Its clinical usefulness and efficacy were evaluated in 10 surgically treated patients with gliomas (5 men and 5 women, mean age: 41.2 ± 13.9 years). iDWI permitted visualization of the pyramidal tract on the non-affected side in all 10 cases, and on the affected side in 8 cases. Motion artifacts were observed in four patients, but were not an obstacle to identification of the pyramidal tract. Good correspondence of the anatomical landmarks localization on iDWI and T1-weighted imaging was found. All participating neurosurgeons agreed that, in the majority of cases, iDWI was very useful for localization of the pyramidal tract and for clarification of its spatial relationships with the tumor. In conclusion, image quality and accuracy of the iDWI obtained with an MR scanner of low magnetic field strength (0.3 Tesla) are sufficient for possible incorporation into an intraoperative neuronavigation system. The use of iDWI in addition to structural iMRI and subcortical functional mapping with electrical stimulation can potentially result in a reduction of the postoperative morbidity after aggressive surgical removal of lesions located in the vicinity to the motor white matter tracts.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)67-71
    Number of pages5
    JournalMinimally Invasive Neurosurgery
    Volume51
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2008 Apr 1

    Keywords

    • Diffusion-weighted imaging
    • Intraoperative MRI
    • Intraoperative neuronavigation
    • Pyramidal tract

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Surgery
    • Clinical Neurology

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