Introducing flexibility to complex, resilient socio-ecological systems: A comparative analysis of economics, flexible manufacturing systems, evolutionary biology, and supply chain management

Vivek Anand Asokan, Masaru Yarime, Miguel Esteban

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper, a framework incorporating flexibility as a characteristic is proposed for designing complex, resilient socio-ecological systems. In an interconnected complex system, flexibility allows prompt deployment of resources where they are needed and is crucial for both innovation and robustness. A comparative analysis of flexible manufacturing systems, economics, evolutionary biology, and supply chain management is conducted to identify the most important characteristics of flexibility. Evolutionary biology emphasises overlapping functions and multi-functionality, which allow a system with structurally different elements to perform the same function, enhancing resilience. In economics, marginal cost and marginal expected profit are factors that are considered to be important in incorporating flexibility while making changes to the system. In flexible manufacturing systems, the size of choice sets is important in creating flexibility, as initial actions preserve more options for future actions that will enhance resilience. Given the dynamic nature of flexibility, identifying the characteristics that can lead to flexibility will introduce a crucial dimension to designing resilient and sustainable socio-ecological systems with a long-term perspective in mind.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1091
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Volume9
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jun 22
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Flexibility
  • Resilience
  • Socio-ecological system
  • Sustainability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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