Investigation of an apartment fire -Experiments for estimating the cause and mechanism of the fire

Dong Gun Nam, Yuji Hasemi, Daisuke Kamikawa

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

Identification of exact cause of a building fire is generally difficult, because the source and initially ignited objects are often severely damaged or even lost during the early stages of the fire. We made an experimental attempt to reasonably estimate the burning during the very early stages of a fire, and identify its source and causes. The case we studied was an apartment fire, which killed a single elderly person sleeping in the room where the fire started. The fire was extinguished just after flashover, and the on-site investigations suggested the fire started from the TV and TV stand, which had been damaged so severely that it was difficult to conclude that the TV was the ultimate cause of the fire, simply from the on-site investigation. We conducted a series of burn tests using a TV and other products identical to those actually used in the apartment. Tests were set-up and procedures were carefully studied to recreate the conditions of the articles that remained, and of the room itself. The tests demonstrated that the conditions in the apartment could be recreated only when the fire started inside the TV and came into close contact with dresser.

Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Dec 1
Event9th International Conference on Fire and Materials 2005 - San Francisco, CA, United States
Duration: 2005 Jan 312005 Feb 1

Conference

Conference9th International Conference on Fire and Materials 2005
CountryUnited States
CitySan Francisco, CA
Period05/1/3105/2/1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)

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    Nam, D. G., Hasemi, Y., & Kamikawa, D. (2005). Investigation of an apartment fire -Experiments for estimating the cause and mechanism of the fire. Paper presented at 9th International Conference on Fire and Materials 2005, San Francisco, CA, United States.