Investigations of the adhesion of maleic anhydride/cyclic olefin alternating copolymers to silicon substrates: Improved materials for 193 NM lithography

Anthony J. Pasquale, Timothy Edward Long, Hoa Truong, Robert D. Allen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)


Various synthetic variations that affect the molecular weight, yield, and composition of maleic anhydride (MAH), norbornene (Nb), and tert-butyl 5-norbornene-2-carboxylate (Nb-TBE) terpolymers have been investigated. The adhesive properties of these polymers were evaluated from work of adhesion (Wadh) values to silicon substrates (treated with hexamethyldisilazane) using the method of fractional surface free energy from contact angle measurements of water and methylene iodide on the polymer films and substrate. These measurements showed that the Wadh increased with higher Nb-TBE content, and values were close to those of conventional 248 nm photoresist polymers. Furthermore, 193 nm resist formulations incorporating polymers with high Nb-TBE content showed increased imaging performance and successfully produced sharp and defined features as small as 110 nm, which were seen via scanning electron microscopy (SEM).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Adhesion
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Dec 1
Externally publishedYes



  • 193 nm-lithography
  • Adhesion
  • Alternating copolymerization
  • Surface energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this