Involvement of SLX4 in interstrand cross-link repair is regulated by the Fanconi anemia pathway

Kimiyo N. Yamamoto, Shunsuke Kobayashi, Masataka Tsuda, Hitoshi Kurumizaka, Minoru Takata, Koichi Kono, Josef Jiricny, Shunichi Takeda, Kouji Hirota

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    124 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Interstrand cross-links (ICLs) block replication and transcription and thus are highly cytotoxic. In higher eukaryotes, ICLs processing involves the Fanconi anemia (FA) pathway and homologous recombination. Stalled replication forks activate the eight-subunit FA core complex, which ubiquitylates FANCD2-FANCI. Once it is posttranslationally modi.ed, this heterodimer recruits downstream members of the ICL repairosome, including the FAN1 nuclease. However, ICL processing has been shown to also involve MUS81-EME1 and XPF-ERCC1, nucleases known to interact with SLX4, a docking protein that also can bind another nuclease, SLX1. To investigate the role of SLX4 more closely, we disrupted the SLX4 gene in avian DT40 cells. SLX4 deficiency caused cell death associated with extensive chromosomal aberrations, including a significant fraction of isochromatid-type breaks, with sister chromatids broken at the same site. SLX4 thus appears to play an essential role in cell proliferation, probably by promoting the resolution of interchromatid homologous recombination intermediates. Because ubiquitylation plays a key role in the FA pathway, and because the N-terminal region of SLX4 contains a ubiquitin-binding zinc finger (UBZ) domain, we asked whether this domain is required for ICL processing. We found that SLX4-/- cells expressing UBZ-deficient SLX4 were selectively sensitive to ICL-inducing agents, and that the UBZ domain was required for interaction of SLX4 with ubiquitylated FANCD2 and for its recruitment to DNA-damage foci generated by ICL-inducing agents. Our findings thus suggest that ubiquitylated FANCD2 recruits SLX4 to DNA damage sites, where it mediates the resolution of recombination intermediates generated during the processing of ICLs.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)6492-6496
    Number of pages5
    JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
    Volume108
    Issue number16
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2011 Apr 19

    Fingerprint

    Fanconi Anemia
    Zinc Fingers
    Ubiquitin
    Homologous Recombination
    DNA Damage
    Chromatids
    Ubiquitination
    Eukaryota
    Chromosome Aberrations
    Genetic Recombination
    Cell Death
    Cell Proliferation
    Genes
    Proteins

    Keywords

    • Cisplatin
    • DNA repair
    • Endonuclease
    • Mitomycin C

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • General

    Cite this

    Involvement of SLX4 in interstrand cross-link repair is regulated by the Fanconi anemia pathway. / Yamamoto, Kimiyo N.; Kobayashi, Shunsuke; Tsuda, Masataka; Kurumizaka, Hitoshi; Takata, Minoru; Kono, Koichi; Jiricny, Josef; Takeda, Shunichi; Hirota, Kouji.

    In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Vol. 108, No. 16, 19.04.2011, p. 6492-6496.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Yamamoto, KN, Kobayashi, S, Tsuda, M, Kurumizaka, H, Takata, M, Kono, K, Jiricny, J, Takeda, S & Hirota, K 2011, 'Involvement of SLX4 in interstrand cross-link repair is regulated by the Fanconi anemia pathway', Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 108, no. 16, pp. 6492-6496. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1018487108
    Yamamoto, Kimiyo N. ; Kobayashi, Shunsuke ; Tsuda, Masataka ; Kurumizaka, Hitoshi ; Takata, Minoru ; Kono, Koichi ; Jiricny, Josef ; Takeda, Shunichi ; Hirota, Kouji. / Involvement of SLX4 in interstrand cross-link repair is regulated by the Fanconi anemia pathway. In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2011 ; Vol. 108, No. 16. pp. 6492-6496.
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    abstract = "Interstrand cross-links (ICLs) block replication and transcription and thus are highly cytotoxic. In higher eukaryotes, ICLs processing involves the Fanconi anemia (FA) pathway and homologous recombination. Stalled replication forks activate the eight-subunit FA core complex, which ubiquitylates FANCD2-FANCI. Once it is posttranslationally modi.ed, this heterodimer recruits downstream members of the ICL repairosome, including the FAN1 nuclease. However, ICL processing has been shown to also involve MUS81-EME1 and XPF-ERCC1, nucleases known to interact with SLX4, a docking protein that also can bind another nuclease, SLX1. To investigate the role of SLX4 more closely, we disrupted the SLX4 gene in avian DT40 cells. SLX4 deficiency caused cell death associated with extensive chromosomal aberrations, including a significant fraction of isochromatid-type breaks, with sister chromatids broken at the same site. SLX4 thus appears to play an essential role in cell proliferation, probably by promoting the resolution of interchromatid homologous recombination intermediates. Because ubiquitylation plays a key role in the FA pathway, and because the N-terminal region of SLX4 contains a ubiquitin-binding zinc finger (UBZ) domain, we asked whether this domain is required for ICL processing. We found that SLX4-/- cells expressing UBZ-deficient SLX4 were selectively sensitive to ICL-inducing agents, and that the UBZ domain was required for interaction of SLX4 with ubiquitylated FANCD2 and for its recruitment to DNA-damage foci generated by ICL-inducing agents. Our findings thus suggest that ubiquitylated FANCD2 recruits SLX4 to DNA damage sites, where it mediates the resolution of recombination intermediates generated during the processing of ICLs.",
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    AU - Kurumizaka, Hitoshi

    AU - Takata, Minoru

    AU - Kono, Koichi

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