Involvement of tail domains in regulation of Dictyostelium myosin II

Xiong Liu, Kohji Ito, Randall J. Lee, Taro Q.P. Uyeda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The actin-dependent ATPase activity of Dictyostelium myosin II filaments is regulated by phosphorylation of the regulatory light chain. Four deletion mutant myosins which lack different parts of subfragment 2 (S2) showed phosphorylation-independent elevations in their activities. Phosphorylation-independent elevation in the activity was also achieved by a double point mutation to replace conserved Glu932 and Glu933 in S2 with Lys. These results suggested that inhibitory interactions involving the head and S2 are required for efficient regulation. Regulation of wild-type myosin was not affected by copolymerization with a S2 deletion mutant myosin in the same filaments. Furthermore, the activity linearly correlated with the fraction of phosphorylated molecules in wild-type filaments. These latter two results suggest that the inhibitory head-tail interactions are primarily intramolecular. (C) 2000 Academic Press.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)75-81
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume271
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Apr 29
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Dictyostelium
  • Myosin
  • Phosphorylation
  • Regulation
  • Regulatory light chain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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