IoT Sensor Network Powered by Sediment Microbial Fuel Cell

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The low power consumption in mW of the IEEE802.15.4/ZigBee standard is one of its feature, even though it requires the exchange of batteries. The cost of battery exchange for wireless sensors is considered as one of the critical problems for wireless sensor networks (WSN). Sediment microbial fuel cell (SMFC) can be a promising technology to replace conventional energy sources by renewable energy sources for wireless sensors, which has the potential to supply sustainable WSN without a replacement of batteries. However, SMFC cannot drive a microcontroller directly since it only provides ultra-low voltage and ultra-low current. In addition, from a general perspective, SMFC is costly to build for wireless sensors due to its materials costs. Considered about those challenges, this paper proposed a novel energy harvesting system for the ZigBee network which consists of the SMFC sensor and a power management circuit to accumulate adequate energy for load. Intermittent data transmission between the ZigBee end-device and coordinator is conducted with the designed energy harvesting system. The experimental results showed that the SMFC-powered ZigBee sensor device is eligible to enable intermittent communication in replacement of conventional battery.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2020 IEEE 17th Annual Consumer Communications and Networking Conference, CCNC 2020
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781728138930
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jan
Event17th IEEE Annual Consumer Communications and Networking Conference, CCNC 2020 - Las Vegas, United States
Duration: 2020 Jan 102020 Jan 13

Publication series

Name2020 IEEE 17th Annual Consumer Communications and Networking Conference, CCNC 2020

Conference

Conference17th IEEE Annual Consumer Communications and Networking Conference, CCNC 2020
CountryUnited States
CityLas Vegas
Period20/1/1020/1/13

Keywords

  • energy harvesting
  • environment monitoring
  • IoT sensors
  • sediment microbial fuel cell
  • wireless sensor network
  • ZigBee

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Media Technology
  • Communication

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