An Ir-catalyzed intermolecular reaction of biphenylenes as a C4 unit with various alkenes as a C1 unit gave 9,9-disubstituted fluorenes in moderate to high yields. Preliminary mechanistic studies revealed that this formal [4 + 1] cycloaddition probably proceeds via C-C bond cleavage, alkene insertion, β-hydrogen elimination, intramolecular alkene insertion, and then reductive elimination. An example of enantioselective reaction was also disclosed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Organic Chemistry
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry