Irreversible damage to photosystem I by chilling in the light

Cause of the degradation of chlorophyll after returning to normal growth temperature

Hideki Kudoh, Kintake Sonoike

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

140 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The recovery process after chilling-induced photoinhibition of photosystem I (PSI) was studied in leaves of a chilling-sensitive plant, cucumber (Cucumis sativus L. cv. Nanshin). Determination of chlorophyll content, photosystem (PS) activities in vivo and in vitro, and the amount of reaction-center subunits of PSI revealed that: (i) The content of chlorophyll decreased to 70% of the original level gradually from 1 to 3 days after exposure to a low temperature. (ii) The amount of functional PSI per unit leaf area was reduced to 30% of the initial level by the chilling treatment. The amount of functional PSI gradually increased during the next 6 days but only to 50% of the original level. (iii) When expressed on a chlorophyll basis, however, the amount of functional PSI recovered to 90% of the original level 6 days after the treatment. (iv) The residual amount of chlorophyll on the third day after the treatment closely correlated with the amount of functional PSI at that point. These results indicate that the decrease in chlorophyll content at a normal growth temperature after chilling treatment is a consequence of the degradation of irreversibly damaged PSI complexes. Immunoblot analysis confirmed that PsaAB protein, the reaction-center subunits of PSI, was degraded during the 3 days after chilling treatment. Some characteristics of the chilling injury frequently reported, i.e. irreversibility of the injury and development of visible symptoms at room temperature, can be explained as a consequence of the chilling-induced photoinhibition of PSI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)541-548
Number of pages8
JournalPlanta
Volume215
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Photosystem I Protein Complex
photosystem I
Chlorophyll
chlorophyll
Light
Temperature
degradation
Growth
temperature
Cucumis sativus
photoinhibition
cold treatment
chilling injury
Wounds and Injuries
signs and symptoms (plants)
cucumbers
ambient temperature
leaf area

Keywords

  • Chlorophyll bleaching
  • Cucumis (chilling injury)
  • Low-temperature stress
  • Photoinhibition
  • Photosystem I reaction center
  • Protein degradation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science

Cite this

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title = "Irreversible damage to photosystem I by chilling in the light: Cause of the degradation of chlorophyll after returning to normal growth temperature",
abstract = "The recovery process after chilling-induced photoinhibition of photosystem I (PSI) was studied in leaves of a chilling-sensitive plant, cucumber (Cucumis sativus L. cv. Nanshin). Determination of chlorophyll content, photosystem (PS) activities in vivo and in vitro, and the amount of reaction-center subunits of PSI revealed that: (i) The content of chlorophyll decreased to 70{\%} of the original level gradually from 1 to 3 days after exposure to a low temperature. (ii) The amount of functional PSI per unit leaf area was reduced to 30{\%} of the initial level by the chilling treatment. The amount of functional PSI gradually increased during the next 6 days but only to 50{\%} of the original level. (iii) When expressed on a chlorophyll basis, however, the amount of functional PSI recovered to 90{\%} of the original level 6 days after the treatment. (iv) The residual amount of chlorophyll on the third day after the treatment closely correlated with the amount of functional PSI at that point. These results indicate that the decrease in chlorophyll content at a normal growth temperature after chilling treatment is a consequence of the degradation of irreversibly damaged PSI complexes. Immunoblot analysis confirmed that PsaAB protein, the reaction-center subunits of PSI, was degraded during the 3 days after chilling treatment. Some characteristics of the chilling injury frequently reported, i.e. irreversibility of the injury and development of visible symptoms at room temperature, can be explained as a consequence of the chilling-induced photoinhibition of PSI.",
keywords = "Chlorophyll bleaching, Cucumis (chilling injury), Low-temperature stress, Photoinhibition, Photosystem I reaction center, Protein degradation",
author = "Hideki Kudoh and Kintake Sonoike",
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T2 - Cause of the degradation of chlorophyll after returning to normal growth temperature

AU - Kudoh, Hideki

AU - Sonoike, Kintake

PY - 2002

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N2 - The recovery process after chilling-induced photoinhibition of photosystem I (PSI) was studied in leaves of a chilling-sensitive plant, cucumber (Cucumis sativus L. cv. Nanshin). Determination of chlorophyll content, photosystem (PS) activities in vivo and in vitro, and the amount of reaction-center subunits of PSI revealed that: (i) The content of chlorophyll decreased to 70% of the original level gradually from 1 to 3 days after exposure to a low temperature. (ii) The amount of functional PSI per unit leaf area was reduced to 30% of the initial level by the chilling treatment. The amount of functional PSI gradually increased during the next 6 days but only to 50% of the original level. (iii) When expressed on a chlorophyll basis, however, the amount of functional PSI recovered to 90% of the original level 6 days after the treatment. (iv) The residual amount of chlorophyll on the third day after the treatment closely correlated with the amount of functional PSI at that point. These results indicate that the decrease in chlorophyll content at a normal growth temperature after chilling treatment is a consequence of the degradation of irreversibly damaged PSI complexes. Immunoblot analysis confirmed that PsaAB protein, the reaction-center subunits of PSI, was degraded during the 3 days after chilling treatment. Some characteristics of the chilling injury frequently reported, i.e. irreversibility of the injury and development of visible symptoms at room temperature, can be explained as a consequence of the chilling-induced photoinhibition of PSI.

AB - The recovery process after chilling-induced photoinhibition of photosystem I (PSI) was studied in leaves of a chilling-sensitive plant, cucumber (Cucumis sativus L. cv. Nanshin). Determination of chlorophyll content, photosystem (PS) activities in vivo and in vitro, and the amount of reaction-center subunits of PSI revealed that: (i) The content of chlorophyll decreased to 70% of the original level gradually from 1 to 3 days after exposure to a low temperature. (ii) The amount of functional PSI per unit leaf area was reduced to 30% of the initial level by the chilling treatment. The amount of functional PSI gradually increased during the next 6 days but only to 50% of the original level. (iii) When expressed on a chlorophyll basis, however, the amount of functional PSI recovered to 90% of the original level 6 days after the treatment. (iv) The residual amount of chlorophyll on the third day after the treatment closely correlated with the amount of functional PSI at that point. These results indicate that the decrease in chlorophyll content at a normal growth temperature after chilling treatment is a consequence of the degradation of irreversibly damaged PSI complexes. Immunoblot analysis confirmed that PsaAB protein, the reaction-center subunits of PSI, was degraded during the 3 days after chilling treatment. Some characteristics of the chilling injury frequently reported, i.e. irreversibility of the injury and development of visible symptoms at room temperature, can be explained as a consequence of the chilling-induced photoinhibition of PSI.

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