Is there a chronic elevation in organ-tissue sleeping metabolic rate in very fit runners?

Taishi Midorikawa, Shigeho Tanaka, Takafumi Ando, Chiaki Tanaka, Masayuki Konishi, Megumi Ohta, Suguru Torii, Shizuo Sakamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

It is unclear whether the resting metabolic rate of individual organ-tissue in adults with high aerobic fitness is higher than that in untrained adults; in fact, this topic has been debated for years using a two-component model. To address this issue, in the present study, we examined the relationship between the measured sleeping energy expenditure (EE) by using an indirect human calorimeter (IHC) and the calculated resting EE (REE) from organ-tissue mass using magnetic resonance imaging, along with the assumed metabolic rate constants in healthy adults. Seventeen healthy male long-distance runners were recruited and grouped according to the median v̇O2peak: very fit group (>60 mL/min/kg; n = 8) and fit group (2peak; X-ray absorptiometry and magnetic resonance imaging were used to determine organ-tissue mass, and IHC was used to determine sleeping EE. The calculated REE was estimated as the sum of individual organ-tissue masses multiplied by their metabolic rate constants. No significant difference was observed in the measured sleeping EE, calculated REE, and their difference, as well as in the slopes and intercepts of the two regression lines between the groups. Moreover, no significant correlation between v̇O2peak and the difference in measured sleeping EE and calculated REE was observed for all subjects. Thus, aerobic endurance training does not result in a chronic elevation in the organ-tissue metabolic rate in cases with v̇O2peak of approximately 60 mL/min/kg.

Original languageEnglish
Article number196
JournalNutrients
Volume8
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Apr 2

Keywords

  • Organ-tissue mass
  • Sleeping energy expenditure
  • VOpeak

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science

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