A chlorophyll-protein was isolated from a Synechococcus P700-chlorophyll a-protein complex free from small subunits (CP1-e) by sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS)-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis after treatment with 2% 2-mercaptoethanol and 2% SDS. In contrast to CP1-e which, when electrophoresed under denaturating conditions, showed two polypeptide bands of 62 and 60 kDa, the chlorophyll-protein contained only the 60-kDa polypeptide and hence is called CP60. The yield of CP60 was maximal with 1-2% SDS and 2-4% sulfhydryl reagents because the chlorophyll-protein was denatured at higher concentrations of the reagents. The absorption spectrum of CP60, which retained more than half of the chlorophyll a molecules originally associated with the 60-kDa subunit of the photosystem I reaction center complex, showed a red band maximum at 672 nm and a small absorption band around 700 nm at liquid nitrogen temperature. CP60 emitted a fluorescence band at 717 to 725 nm at 77 °K. The temperature dependence of the far red band of CP60 was essentially the same as that of CP1-e between 77 and 273 °K. No photoresponse of P700 was detected in CP60. The results suggest that the two polypeptides resolved by SDS-gel electrophoresis from CP1-e are apoproteins of two distinct chlorophyll-proteins and that CP60 represents a chlorophyll-bearing 60-kDa subunit functioning as an intrinsic antenna protein of the photosystem I reaction center complex. It will also be shown that the temperature dependence of the far red fluorescence band is not related to the photosystem I photochemistry.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology