Fusarium sp. RK97-94 is a producer of potent antimalarial compounds such as lucilactaene and its derivatives. The biosynthetic gene cluster of lucilactaene was identified but only a knockout mutant of methyltransferase (luc1) was reported in previous papers. Herein, we report on isolation and identification of prelucilactaene G (1), and prelucilactaene H (2) from the aldehyde dehydrogenase knockout strain (∆luc3) culture broth, as well as prelucilactaene A (3), prelucilactaene B (4), and two isomeric mixtures of prelucilactaene E (5) and prelucilactaene F (6), from the P450 monooxygenase knockout strain (∆luc2) culture broth. Our data, unlike the previous ones, suggest the involvement of the aldehyde dehydrogenase (Luc3) in lucilactaene biosynthesis, and support the involvement of the P450 monooxygenase (Luc2) in C-20 hydroxylation rather than C-13–C-14 epoxidation or C-15 hydroxylation. Isolated compounds displayed moderate to strong antimalarial activities, and the structure–activity relationship of lucilactaene derivatives was examined.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Drug Discovery