Japanese childrens and adults awareness of psychogenic bodily reactions

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In Experiment 1, Japanese children (4-, 5-, 7-, and 10-year-olds (n = 78)) and adults (n = 36), answered questions about the possibility of psychogenic bodily reactions, i.e., bodily outcomes with origins in the mind. The 4- and 5-year-old preschoolers typically denied that bodily conditions could originate in mental states. Developmentally, recognition of psychogenic bodily reactions appeared between ages 8 and 11. Experiment 2 showed that these findings did not depend on whether reactions were positive or negative. The preschoolers had some difficulty in assuming not only negative but also positive psychogenic bodily reactions. In Experiment 3, 5-, 6-, 8-, and 11-year-old children (n = 70) and adults (n = 18) were asked to explain why physical/psychological states would lead to bodily outcomes. Adults relied on mechanical causation for physically induced bodily reactions, while for psychogenic reactions they often referred to vitalistic concepts. In contrast, young children sometimes referred to vitalistic concepts for physically induced reactions, but seldom did so for psychogenic reactions. Vitalistic causality appears to change from causality based on only the body, to a framework that applies not only bodily but also to mental phenomena.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Behavioral Development
Volume34
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Jan
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Causality
causality
Psychology
experiment

Keywords

  • Cognitive development
  • Cultural differences
  • Mindĝ€"body interdependence
  • Naive biology
  • Vitalistic biology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Japanese childrens and adults awareness of psychogenic bodily reactions. / Toyama, Noriko.

In: International Journal of Behavioral Development, Vol. 34, No. 1, 01.2010, p. 1-9.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{2d12fcc797434d8da33c95e1d69dfd6c,
title = "Japanese childrens and adults awareness of psychogenic bodily reactions",
abstract = "In Experiment 1, Japanese children (4-, 5-, 7-, and 10-year-olds (n = 78)) and adults (n = 36), answered questions about the possibility of psychogenic bodily reactions, i.e., bodily outcomes with origins in the mind. The 4- and 5-year-old preschoolers typically denied that bodily conditions could originate in mental states. Developmentally, recognition of psychogenic bodily reactions appeared between ages 8 and 11. Experiment 2 showed that these findings did not depend on whether reactions were positive or negative. The preschoolers had some difficulty in assuming not only negative but also positive psychogenic bodily reactions. In Experiment 3, 5-, 6-, 8-, and 11-year-old children (n = 70) and adults (n = 18) were asked to explain why physical/psychological states would lead to bodily outcomes. Adults relied on mechanical causation for physically induced bodily reactions, while for psychogenic reactions they often referred to vitalistic concepts. In contrast, young children sometimes referred to vitalistic concepts for physically induced reactions, but seldom did so for psychogenic reactions. Vitalistic causality appears to change from causality based on only the body, to a framework that applies not only bodily but also to mental phenomena.",
keywords = "Cognitive development, Cultural differences, Mindĝ€{"}body interdependence, Naive biology, Vitalistic biology",
author = "Noriko Toyama",
year = "2010",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1177/0165025409343830",
language = "English",
volume = "34",
pages = "1--9",
journal = "International Journal of Behavioral Development",
issn = "0165-0254",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Ltd",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Japanese childrens and adults awareness of psychogenic bodily reactions

AU - Toyama, Noriko

PY - 2010/1

Y1 - 2010/1

N2 - In Experiment 1, Japanese children (4-, 5-, 7-, and 10-year-olds (n = 78)) and adults (n = 36), answered questions about the possibility of psychogenic bodily reactions, i.e., bodily outcomes with origins in the mind. The 4- and 5-year-old preschoolers typically denied that bodily conditions could originate in mental states. Developmentally, recognition of psychogenic bodily reactions appeared between ages 8 and 11. Experiment 2 showed that these findings did not depend on whether reactions were positive or negative. The preschoolers had some difficulty in assuming not only negative but also positive psychogenic bodily reactions. In Experiment 3, 5-, 6-, 8-, and 11-year-old children (n = 70) and adults (n = 18) were asked to explain why physical/psychological states would lead to bodily outcomes. Adults relied on mechanical causation for physically induced bodily reactions, while for psychogenic reactions they often referred to vitalistic concepts. In contrast, young children sometimes referred to vitalistic concepts for physically induced reactions, but seldom did so for psychogenic reactions. Vitalistic causality appears to change from causality based on only the body, to a framework that applies not only bodily but also to mental phenomena.

AB - In Experiment 1, Japanese children (4-, 5-, 7-, and 10-year-olds (n = 78)) and adults (n = 36), answered questions about the possibility of psychogenic bodily reactions, i.e., bodily outcomes with origins in the mind. The 4- and 5-year-old preschoolers typically denied that bodily conditions could originate in mental states. Developmentally, recognition of psychogenic bodily reactions appeared between ages 8 and 11. Experiment 2 showed that these findings did not depend on whether reactions were positive or negative. The preschoolers had some difficulty in assuming not only negative but also positive psychogenic bodily reactions. In Experiment 3, 5-, 6-, 8-, and 11-year-old children (n = 70) and adults (n = 18) were asked to explain why physical/psychological states would lead to bodily outcomes. Adults relied on mechanical causation for physically induced bodily reactions, while for psychogenic reactions they often referred to vitalistic concepts. In contrast, young children sometimes referred to vitalistic concepts for physically induced reactions, but seldom did so for psychogenic reactions. Vitalistic causality appears to change from causality based on only the body, to a framework that applies not only bodily but also to mental phenomena.

KW - Cognitive development

KW - Cultural differences

KW - Mindĝ€"body interdependence

KW - Naive biology

KW - Vitalistic biology

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=74049120183&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=74049120183&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0165025409343830

DO - 10.1177/0165025409343830

M3 - Article

VL - 34

SP - 1

EP - 9

JO - International Journal of Behavioral Development

JF - International Journal of Behavioral Development

SN - 0165-0254

IS - 1

ER -