### Abstract

We investigate the low-temperature relaxation dynamics toward a nonequilibrium steady state in a tilted asymmetric periodic potential based on the WKB analysis and the numerical diagonalization of the Fokker-Planck operator. Due to the tilting, the Fokker-Planck operator, and thus the Schrödinger operator associated with it, are non-Hermitian. Therefore, we evaluate the decay rate based on the WKB analysis both for real- and complex-valued eigenvalues. In the tilting range where the double-humped barrier exists, the decay rate is shown to obey a law which is a subtle nonequilibrium extension of the so-called Kramers escape rate. The decay rate for the single-humped barrier case is analyzed as well. The large tilting regime where the barriers no longer exist is also investigated.

Original language | English |
---|---|

Article number | 031140 |

Journal | Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics |

Volume | 76 |

Issue number | 3 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 2007 Sep 28 |

### Fingerprint

### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Mathematical Physics

### Cite this

*Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics*,

*76*(3), [031140]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.76.031140