Large Bragg Reflection from One-Dimensional Chains of Trapped Atoms Near a Nanoscale Waveguide

Neil V. Corzo, Baptiste Gouraud, Aveek Chandra, Akihisa Goban, Alexandra S. Sheremet, Dmitriy V. Kupriyanov, Julien Laurat

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92 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report experimental observations of a large Bragg reflection from arrays of cold atoms trapped near a one-dimensional nanoscale waveguide. By using an optical lattice in the evanescent field surrounding a nanofiber with a period nearly commensurate with the resonant wavelength, we observe a reflectance of up to 75% for the guided mode. Each atom behaves as a partially reflecting mirror and an ordered chain of about 2000 atoms is sufficient to realize an efficient Bragg mirror. Measurements of the reflection spectra as a function of the lattice period and the probe polarization are reported. The latter shows the effect of the chiral character of nanoscale waveguides on this reflection. The ability to control photon transport in 1D waveguides coupled to spin systems would enable novel quantum network capabilities and the study of many-body effects emerging from long-range interactions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number133603
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume117
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Sep 23

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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    Corzo, N. V., Gouraud, B., Chandra, A., Goban, A., Sheremet, A. S., Kupriyanov, D. V., & Laurat, J. (2016). Large Bragg Reflection from One-Dimensional Chains of Trapped Atoms Near a Nanoscale Waveguide. Physical Review Letters, 117(13), [133603]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.117.133603