Layered boron nitride as a release layer for mechanical transfer of GaN-based devices

Yasuyuki Kobayashi, Kazuhide Kumakura, Tetsuya Akasaka, Toshiki Makimoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

193 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nitride semiconductors are the materials of choice for a variety of device applications, notably optoelectronics and high-frequency/high-power electronics. One important practical goal is to realize such devices on large, flexible and affordable substrates, on which direct growth of nitride semiconductors of sufficient quality is problematic. Several techniques-such as laser lift-off-have been investigated to enable the transfer of nitride devices from one substrate to another, but existing methods still have some important disadvantages. Here we demonstrate that hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) can form a release layer that enables the mechanical transfer of gallium nitride (GaN)-based device structures onto foreign substrates. The h-BN layer serves two purposes: it acts as a buffer layer for the growth of high-quality GaN-based semiconductors, and provides a shear plane that makes it straightforward to release the resulting devices. We illustrate the potential versatility of this approach by using h-BN-buffered sapphire substrates to grow an AlGaN/GaN heterostructure with electron mobility of 1,100 cm 2V -1s -1, an InGaN/GaN multiple-quantum-well structure, and a multiple-quantum-well light-emitting diode. These device structures, ranging in area from five millimetres square to two centimetres square, are then mechanically released from the sapphire substrates and successfully transferred onto other substrates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)223-227
Number of pages5
JournalNature
Volume484
Issue number7393
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Apr 12
Externally publishedYes

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