Leucine restores murine hepatic triglyceride accumulation induced by a low-protein diet by suppressing autophagy and excessive endoplasmic reticulum stress

Shin Ichi Yokota, Midori Ando, Shinya Aoyama, Kawai Nakamura, Shigenobu Shibata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although it is known that a low-protein diet induces hepatic triglyceride (TG) accumulation in both rodents and humans, little is known about the underlying mechanism. In the present study, we modeled hepatic TG accumulation by inducing dietary protein deficiency in mice and aimed to determine whether certain amino acids could prevent low-protein diet-induced TG accumulation in the mouse liver. Mice fed a diet consisting of 3 % casein (3C diet) for 7 days showed hepatic TG accumulation with up-regulation of TG synthesis for the Acc gene and down-regulation of TG-rich lipoprotein secretion from hepatocytes for Mttp genes. Supplementing the 3 % casein diet with essential amino acids, branched-chain amino acids, or the single amino acid leucine rescued hepatic TG accumulation. In the livers of mice fed the 3 % casein diet, we observed a decrease in the levels of the autophagy substrate p62, an increase in the expression levels of the autophagy marker LC3-II, and an increase in the splicing of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-dependent Xbp1 gene. Leucine supplementation to the 3 % casein diet did not affect genes related to lipid metabolism, but inhibited the decrease in p62, the increase in LC3-II, and the increase in Xbp1 splicing levels in the liver. Our results suggest that ER stress responses and activated autophagy play critical roles in low-protein diet-induced hepatic TG accumulation in mice, and that leucine suppresses these two major protein degradation systems. This study contributes to understanding the mechanisms of hepatic disorders of lipid metabolism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalAmino Acids
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2015 Dec 26

Keywords

  • Autophagy
  • ER stress
  • Fatty liver
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Unfolded protein response

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Leucine restores murine hepatic triglyceride accumulation induced by a low-protein diet by suppressing autophagy and excessive endoplasmic reticulum stress'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this