Life-cycle design of bridges under multiple hazards: Earthquake, tsunami, and continuous deterioration

M. Akiyama, D. M. Frangopol

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake caused multiple disasters, including (a) damage and collapse of bridges due to strong ground motions and/or liquefaction and (b) washout of bridge superstructures due to the subsequent tsunami. In addition, bridges in the coastal area deteriorated further due to chlorideinduced corrosion. Procedures for identifying and screening significant threat scenarios and for assessing and mitigating the risk of bridge damage and collapse under multiple hazards can be developed using probabilistic risk assessment.This paper provides a framework for estimating the life-cycle reliability of bridges under multiple hazards, with an emphasis on earthquake, tsunami and continuous deterioration. Reliability-based capacity design of bridges with a hierarchy of resistance of the various structural components necessary to avoid catastrophic damage and to ensure prompt restoration from an extreme event is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSafety, Reliability, Risk and Life-Cycle Performance of Structures and Infrastructures - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Structural Safety and Reliability, ICOSSAR 2013
Pages3-16
Number of pages14
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Dec 1
Event11th International Conference on Structural Safety and Reliability, ICOSSAR 2013 - New York, NY, United States
Duration: 2013 Jun 162013 Jun 20

Publication series

NameSafety, Reliability, Risk and Life-Cycle Performance of Structures and Infrastructures - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Structural Safety and Reliability, ICOSSAR 2013

Conference

Conference11th International Conference on Structural Safety and Reliability, ICOSSAR 2013
CountryUnited States
CityNew York, NY
Period13/6/1613/6/20

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

Cite this

Akiyama, M., & Frangopol, D. M. (2013). Life-cycle design of bridges under multiple hazards: Earthquake, tsunami, and continuous deterioration. In Safety, Reliability, Risk and Life-Cycle Performance of Structures and Infrastructures - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Structural Safety and Reliability, ICOSSAR 2013 (pp. 3-16). (Safety, Reliability, Risk and Life-Cycle Performance of Structures and Infrastructures - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Structural Safety and Reliability, ICOSSAR 2013).