Light-A nd circadian-controlled genes respond to a broad light spectrum in Puffer Fish-derived Fugu eye cells

Keiko Okano, Shoichi Ozawa, Hayao Sato, Sawa Kodachi, Masaharu Ito, Toshiaki Miyadai, Akihiro Takemura, Toshiyuki Okano

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    Abstract

    Some cell lines retain intrinsic phototransduction pathways to control the expression of light-regulated genes such as the circadian clock gene. Here we investigated the photosensitivity of a Fugu eye, a cell line established from the eye of Takifugu rubripes, to examine whether such a photosensitive nature is present. Microarray analysis identified 15 genes that showed blue light-dependent change at the transcript level. We investigated temporal profiles of the light-induced genes, as well as Cry and Per, under light-dark, constant light (LL), and constant dark (DD) conditions by quantitative RT-PCR. Transcript levels of Per1a and Per3 genes showed circadian rhythmic changes under both LL and DD conditions, while those of Cry genes were controlled by light. All genes examined, including DNA-damage response genes and photolyase genes, were upregulated not only by blue light but also green and red light, implying the contribution of multiple photopigments. The present study is the first to identify a photosensitive clock cell line originating from a marine fish. These findings may help to characterize the molecular mechanisms underlying photic synchronization of the physiological states of fishes to not only daily light-dark cycles but also to various marine environmental cycles such as the lunar or semi-lunar cycle.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number46150
    JournalScientific Reports
    Volume7
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2017 Apr 18

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    ASJC Scopus subject areas

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