We investigate energetic Type le supernovae as production sites for 6Li and Be in the early stages of the Milky Way. Recent observations have revealed that some very metal-poor stars with [Fe/H] < -2.5 possess unexpectedly high abundances of 6Li. Some also exhibit enhanced abundances of Be as well as N. From a theoretical point of view, recent studies of the evolution of metal-poor massive stars show that rotation-induced mixing can enrich the outer H and He layers with C, N, and O (CNO) elements, particularly N, and at the same time cause the intense mass loss of these layers. Here we consider energetic supernova explosions occurring after the progenitor star has lost all but a small fraction of the He layer. The fastest portion of the supernova ejecta and the circumstellar matter (CSM), both of which are composed of He and CNO, can interact directly and induce light-element production through spoliation and He-He fusion reactions. The CSM should be sufficiently thick to energetic particles so that the interactions terminate within its innermost regions. We calculate the resulting 6Li/O and 9Be/ O ratios in the ejecta + CSM material out of which the very metal-poor stars may form. We find that they are consistent with the observed values if the mass of the He layer remaining on the preexplosion core is ∼0.01-0.1 M⊙ and if the mass fraction of N mixed in the He layer is ∼0.01. Further observations of 6Li, Be, and N at low metallicity should provide us with critical tests of this production scenario.
- Nuclear reactions, nucleosynthesis, abundances
- Stars: abundances
- Supernovae: general
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Space and Planetary Science