Limited latitudinal mantle plume motion for the Louisville hotspot

Anthony A P Koppers, Toshitsugu Yamazaki, Jörg Geldmacher, Jeffrey S. Gee, Nicola Pressling, Hiroyuki Hoshi, L. Anderson, C. Beier, D. M. Buchs, L. H. Chen, B. E. Cohen, F. Deschamps, M. J. Dorais, D. Ebuna, S. Ehmann, J. G. Fitton, P. M. Fulton, E. Ganbat, C. Hamelin, T. Hanyu & 10 others L. Kalnins, J. Kell, S. MacHida, J. J. Mahoney, Kazuyoshi Moriya, A. R L Nichols, S. Rausch, S. I. Sano, J. B. Sylvan, R. Williams

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    47 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Hotspots that form above upwelling plumes of hot material from the deep mantle typically leave narrow trails of volcanic seamounts as a tectonic plate moves over their location. These seamount trails are excellent recorders of Earth's deep processes and allow us to untangle ancient mantle plume motions. During ascent it is likely that mantle plumes are pushed away from their vertical upwelling trajectories by mantle convection forces. It has been proposed that a large-scale lateral displacement, termed the mantle wind, existed in the Pacific between about 80 and 50 million years ago, and shifted the Hawaiian mantle plume southwards by about 15° of latitude. Here we use 40 Ar/ 39 Ar age dating and palaeomagnetic inclination data from four seamounts associated with the Louisville hotspot in the South Pacific Ocean to show that this hotspot has been relatively stable in terms of its location. Specifically, the Louisville hotspot - the southern hemisphere counterpart of Hawai'i - has remained within 3-5° of its present-day latitude of about 51° €‰S between 70 and 50 million years ago. Although we cannot exclude a more significant southward motion before that time, we suggest that the Louisville and Hawaiian hotspots are moving independently, and not as part of a large-scale mantle wind in the Pacific.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)911-917
    Number of pages7
    JournalNature Geoscience
    Volume5
    Issue number12
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2012 Dec

    Fingerprint

    mantle plume
    hot spot
    seamount
    mantle
    upwelling
    tectonic plate
    mantle convection
    Southern Hemisphere
    plume
    trajectory

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

    Cite this

    Koppers, A. A. P., Yamazaki, T., Geldmacher, J., Gee, J. S., Pressling, N., Hoshi, H., ... Williams, R. (2012). Limited latitudinal mantle plume motion for the Louisville hotspot. Nature Geoscience, 5(12), 911-917. https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo1638

    Limited latitudinal mantle plume motion for the Louisville hotspot. / Koppers, Anthony A P; Yamazaki, Toshitsugu; Geldmacher, Jörg; Gee, Jeffrey S.; Pressling, Nicola; Hoshi, Hiroyuki; Anderson, L.; Beier, C.; Buchs, D. M.; Chen, L. H.; Cohen, B. E.; Deschamps, F.; Dorais, M. J.; Ebuna, D.; Ehmann, S.; Fitton, J. G.; Fulton, P. M.; Ganbat, E.; Hamelin, C.; Hanyu, T.; Kalnins, L.; Kell, J.; MacHida, S.; Mahoney, J. J.; Moriya, Kazuyoshi; Nichols, A. R L; Rausch, S.; Sano, S. I.; Sylvan, J. B.; Williams, R.

    In: Nature Geoscience, Vol. 5, No. 12, 12.2012, p. 911-917.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Koppers, AAP, Yamazaki, T, Geldmacher, J, Gee, JS, Pressling, N, Hoshi, H, Anderson, L, Beier, C, Buchs, DM, Chen, LH, Cohen, BE, Deschamps, F, Dorais, MJ, Ebuna, D, Ehmann, S, Fitton, JG, Fulton, PM, Ganbat, E, Hamelin, C, Hanyu, T, Kalnins, L, Kell, J, MacHida, S, Mahoney, JJ, Moriya, K, Nichols, ARL, Rausch, S, Sano, SI, Sylvan, JB & Williams, R 2012, 'Limited latitudinal mantle plume motion for the Louisville hotspot', Nature Geoscience, vol. 5, no. 12, pp. 911-917. https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo1638
    Koppers AAP, Yamazaki T, Geldmacher J, Gee JS, Pressling N, Hoshi H et al. Limited latitudinal mantle plume motion for the Louisville hotspot. Nature Geoscience. 2012 Dec;5(12):911-917. https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo1638
    Koppers, Anthony A P ; Yamazaki, Toshitsugu ; Geldmacher, Jörg ; Gee, Jeffrey S. ; Pressling, Nicola ; Hoshi, Hiroyuki ; Anderson, L. ; Beier, C. ; Buchs, D. M. ; Chen, L. H. ; Cohen, B. E. ; Deschamps, F. ; Dorais, M. J. ; Ebuna, D. ; Ehmann, S. ; Fitton, J. G. ; Fulton, P. M. ; Ganbat, E. ; Hamelin, C. ; Hanyu, T. ; Kalnins, L. ; Kell, J. ; MacHida, S. ; Mahoney, J. J. ; Moriya, Kazuyoshi ; Nichols, A. R L ; Rausch, S. ; Sano, S. I. ; Sylvan, J. B. ; Williams, R. / Limited latitudinal mantle plume motion for the Louisville hotspot. In: Nature Geoscience. 2012 ; Vol. 5, No. 12. pp. 911-917.
    @article{d096a06e290640dab4e0aab03ef71896,
    title = "Limited latitudinal mantle plume motion for the Louisville hotspot",
    abstract = "Hotspots that form above upwelling plumes of hot material from the deep mantle typically leave narrow trails of volcanic seamounts as a tectonic plate moves over their location. These seamount trails are excellent recorders of Earth's deep processes and allow us to untangle ancient mantle plume motions. During ascent it is likely that mantle plumes are pushed away from their vertical upwelling trajectories by mantle convection forces. It has been proposed that a large-scale lateral displacement, termed the mantle wind, existed in the Pacific between about 80 and 50 million years ago, and shifted the Hawaiian mantle plume southwards by about 15° of latitude. Here we use 40 Ar/ 39 Ar age dating and palaeomagnetic inclination data from four seamounts associated with the Louisville hotspot in the South Pacific Ocean to show that this hotspot has been relatively stable in terms of its location. Specifically, the Louisville hotspot - the southern hemisphere counterpart of Hawai'i - has remained within 3-5° of its present-day latitude of about 51° €‰S between 70 and 50 million years ago. Although we cannot exclude a more significant southward motion before that time, we suggest that the Louisville and Hawaiian hotspots are moving independently, and not as part of a large-scale mantle wind in the Pacific.",
    author = "Koppers, {Anthony A P} and Toshitsugu Yamazaki and J{\"o}rg Geldmacher and Gee, {Jeffrey S.} and Nicola Pressling and Hiroyuki Hoshi and L. Anderson and C. Beier and Buchs, {D. M.} and Chen, {L. H.} and Cohen, {B. E.} and F. Deschamps and Dorais, {M. J.} and D. Ebuna and S. Ehmann and Fitton, {J. G.} and Fulton, {P. M.} and E. Ganbat and C. Hamelin and T. Hanyu and L. Kalnins and J. Kell and S. MacHida and Mahoney, {J. J.} and Kazuyoshi Moriya and Nichols, {A. R L} and S. Rausch and Sano, {S. I.} and Sylvan, {J. B.} and R. Williams",
    year = "2012",
    month = "12",
    doi = "10.1038/ngeo1638",
    language = "English",
    volume = "5",
    pages = "911--917",
    journal = "Nature Geoscience",
    issn = "1752-0894",
    publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",
    number = "12",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Limited latitudinal mantle plume motion for the Louisville hotspot

    AU - Koppers, Anthony A P

    AU - Yamazaki, Toshitsugu

    AU - Geldmacher, Jörg

    AU - Gee, Jeffrey S.

    AU - Pressling, Nicola

    AU - Hoshi, Hiroyuki

    AU - Anderson, L.

    AU - Beier, C.

    AU - Buchs, D. M.

    AU - Chen, L. H.

    AU - Cohen, B. E.

    AU - Deschamps, F.

    AU - Dorais, M. J.

    AU - Ebuna, D.

    AU - Ehmann, S.

    AU - Fitton, J. G.

    AU - Fulton, P. M.

    AU - Ganbat, E.

    AU - Hamelin, C.

    AU - Hanyu, T.

    AU - Kalnins, L.

    AU - Kell, J.

    AU - MacHida, S.

    AU - Mahoney, J. J.

    AU - Moriya, Kazuyoshi

    AU - Nichols, A. R L

    AU - Rausch, S.

    AU - Sano, S. I.

    AU - Sylvan, J. B.

    AU - Williams, R.

    PY - 2012/12

    Y1 - 2012/12

    N2 - Hotspots that form above upwelling plumes of hot material from the deep mantle typically leave narrow trails of volcanic seamounts as a tectonic plate moves over their location. These seamount trails are excellent recorders of Earth's deep processes and allow us to untangle ancient mantle plume motions. During ascent it is likely that mantle plumes are pushed away from their vertical upwelling trajectories by mantle convection forces. It has been proposed that a large-scale lateral displacement, termed the mantle wind, existed in the Pacific between about 80 and 50 million years ago, and shifted the Hawaiian mantle plume southwards by about 15° of latitude. Here we use 40 Ar/ 39 Ar age dating and palaeomagnetic inclination data from four seamounts associated with the Louisville hotspot in the South Pacific Ocean to show that this hotspot has been relatively stable in terms of its location. Specifically, the Louisville hotspot - the southern hemisphere counterpart of Hawai'i - has remained within 3-5° of its present-day latitude of about 51° €‰S between 70 and 50 million years ago. Although we cannot exclude a more significant southward motion before that time, we suggest that the Louisville and Hawaiian hotspots are moving independently, and not as part of a large-scale mantle wind in the Pacific.

    AB - Hotspots that form above upwelling plumes of hot material from the deep mantle typically leave narrow trails of volcanic seamounts as a tectonic plate moves over their location. These seamount trails are excellent recorders of Earth's deep processes and allow us to untangle ancient mantle plume motions. During ascent it is likely that mantle plumes are pushed away from their vertical upwelling trajectories by mantle convection forces. It has been proposed that a large-scale lateral displacement, termed the mantle wind, existed in the Pacific between about 80 and 50 million years ago, and shifted the Hawaiian mantle plume southwards by about 15° of latitude. Here we use 40 Ar/ 39 Ar age dating and palaeomagnetic inclination data from four seamounts associated with the Louisville hotspot in the South Pacific Ocean to show that this hotspot has been relatively stable in terms of its location. Specifically, the Louisville hotspot - the southern hemisphere counterpart of Hawai'i - has remained within 3-5° of its present-day latitude of about 51° €‰S between 70 and 50 million years ago. Although we cannot exclude a more significant southward motion before that time, we suggest that the Louisville and Hawaiian hotspots are moving independently, and not as part of a large-scale mantle wind in the Pacific.

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84870463315&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84870463315&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1038/ngeo1638

    DO - 10.1038/ngeo1638

    M3 - Article

    VL - 5

    SP - 911

    EP - 917

    JO - Nature Geoscience

    JF - Nature Geoscience

    SN - 1752-0894

    IS - 12

    ER -