Li+, Na+ and K+ co-doping effects on scintillation properties of Ce:Gd3Ga3Al2O12 single crystals

Masao Yoshino*, Kei Kamada, Vladimir V. Kochurikhin, Mikhail Ivanov, Martin Nikl, Satoshi Okumura, Seiichi Yamamoto, Jung Yeol Yeom, Yasuhiro Shoji, Shunsuke Kurosawa, Yuui Yokota, Yuji Ohashi, Akira Yoshikawa

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Ce0.5%: Ce:Gd3Ga3Al2O12(GGAG) single crystals co-doped with 500at.ppm Li+, Na+ and K+ were grown by using the micro-pulling down method. The smooth Ce4+ charge transfer absorption below 350 nm and decay time acceleration were observed in Li co-doped sample. Na+ and K+ co-doping did not show a large effect on the acceleration of decay time compared with Li co-doping. Ce0.5%:GGAG single crystals co-doped with 500 at.ppm Li+ were also grown by the Czochralski method. Optical, scintillation properties and timing performance were evaluated to investigate the effect of univalent alkali metal ions co-doping on Ce:GGAG scintillators. The scintillation decay curves were accelerated by Li co-doping: the decay time was significantly accelerated to 54.8 ns (47%) for the faster component and 158 ns (53%) for the slower component. The light output was 94% of the non co-doped Ce:GGAG standard. The coincidence time resolution was improved to 258 ps by Li co-doping.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-5
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Crystal Growth
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jun 1
Externally publishedYes


  • A2. Czochralski method
  • A2. Single crystal growth
  • B1. Oxides
  • B2. Scintillator materials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry


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