Lithium intercalation into bilayer graphene

Kemeng Ji, Jiuhui Han, Akihiko Hirata, Takeshi Fujita, Yuhao Shen, Shoucong Ning, Pan Liu, Hamzeh Kashani, Yuan Tian, Yoshikazu Ito, Jun ichi Fujita, Yutaka Oyama

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7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The real capacity of graphene and the lithium-storage process in graphite are two currently perplexing problems in the field of lithium ion batteries. Here we demonstrate a three-dimensional bilayer graphene foam with few defects and a predominant Bernal stacking configuration, and systematically investigate its lithium-storage capacity, process, kinetics, and resistances. We clarify that lithium atoms can be stored only in the graphene interlayer and propose the first ever planar lithium-intercalation model for graphenic carbons. Corroborated by theoretical calculations, various physiochemical characterizations of the staged lithium bilayer graphene products further reveal the regular lithium-intercalation phenomena and thus fully illustrate this elementary lithium storage pattern of two-dimension. These findings not only make the commercial graphite the first electrode with clear lithium-storage process, but also guide the development of graphene materials in lithium ion batteries.

Original languageEnglish
Article number275
JournalNature Communications
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Dec 1
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Ji, K., Han, J., Hirata, A., Fujita, T., Shen, Y., Ning, S., Liu, P., Kashani, H., Tian, Y., Ito, Y., Fujita, J. I., & Oyama, Y. (2019). Lithium intercalation into bilayer graphene. Nature Communications, 10(1), [275]. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-07942-z