Lithium ion batteries made of electrodes with 99 wt% active materials and 1 wt% carbon nanotubes without binder or metal foils

Kei Hasegawa, Suguru Noda

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    17 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Herein, we propose lithium ion batteries (LIBs) without binder or metal foils, based on a three-dimensional carbon nanotube (CNT) current collector. Because metal foils occupy 20-30 wt% of conventional LIBs and the polymer binder has no electrical conductivity, replacing such non-capacitive materials is a valid approach for improving the energy and power density of LIBs. Adding only 1 wt% of few-wall CNTs to the active material enables flexible freestanding sheets to be fabricated by simple dispersion and filtration processes. Coin cell tests are conducted on full cells fabricated from a 99 wt% LiCoO2-1 wt% CNT cathode and 99 wt% graphite-1 wt% CNT anode. Discharge capacities of 353 and 306 mAh ggraphite -1 are obtained at charge-discharge rates of 37.2 and 372 mA ggraphite -1, respectively, with a capacity retention of 65% at the 500th cycle. The suitability of the 1 wt% CNT-based composite electrodes for practical scale devices is demonstrated with laminate cells containing 50 × 50 mm2 electrodes. Use of metal combs instead of metal foils enables charge-discharge operation of the laminate cell without considerable IR drop. Such electrodes will minimize the amount of metal and maximize the amount of active materials contained in LIBs.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)155-162
    Number of pages8
    JournalJournal of Power Sources
    Volume321
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jul 30

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    Keywords

    • Binder free
    • Carbon nanotube
    • Laminate cell
    • Lithium ion battery
    • Three-dimensional current collector

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
    • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
    • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
    • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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