Long-Term Durability Test for the Left Ventricular Assist System EVAHEART under the Physiologic Pulsatile Load

Tomoya Kitano, Kiyotaka Iwasaki

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    1 Citation (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The EVAHEART Left Ventricular Assist System (LVAS) was designed for the long-term support of a patient with severe heart failure. It has an original water lubrication system for seal and bearing and wear on these parts was considered one of its critical failure modes. A durability test focusing on wear was designed herein. We developed a mock loop, which generates a physiologic pulsatile flow and is sufficiently durable for a long-term test. The pulsatile load and the low fluid viscosity enable the creation of a severe condition for the mechanical seal. A total of 18 EVAHEART blood pumps completed 2 years of operation under the pulsatile condition without any failure. It indicated the EVAHEART blood pump had a greater than 90% reliability with a 88% confidence level. The test was continued with six blood pumps and achieved an average of 8.6 years, which was longer than the longest clinical use in Japan. The test result showed that no catastrophic, critical, marginal, or minor failures of the blood pump or their symptoms were observed. The seal performance was maintained after the test. Moreover, the surface roughness did not change, which showed any burn or abnormal wear occurred. The original water lubrication system equipped in EVAHEART LVAS prevent severe wear on the seal and the bearing, and it can be used in the bridge to transplant and destination therapy.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)168-174
    Number of pages7
    JournalASAIO Journal
    DOIs
    Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2018 Jan 1

    Fingerprint

    Seals
    Durability
    Blood
    Bearings (structural)
    Wear of materials
    Pumps
    Lubrication
    Pulsatile Flow
    Pulsatile flow
    Transplants
    Water
    Viscosity
    Failure modes
    Japan
    Heart Failure
    Surface roughness
    Fluids
    Therapeutics

    Keywords

    • Blood pump
    • Blood pump
    • centrifugal
    • design/testing
    • Left ventricular assist device
    • Mechanical circulatory support

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Biophysics
    • Bioengineering
    • Biomaterials
    • Biomedical Engineering

    Cite this

    Long-Term Durability Test for the Left Ventricular Assist System EVAHEART under the Physiologic Pulsatile Load. / Kitano, Tomoya; Iwasaki, Kiyotaka.

    In: ASAIO Journal, 01.01.2018, p. 168-174.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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