Long term stability of the underground cavern for the pharaoh and the deterioration of the great Sphinx

C. Tanimoto, S. Yoshimura, Jiro Kondo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Through the archaelogical investigation in the underground tomb for Amenophis III at Luxor, the severe damage of the ancient paintings and the instability of the underground structure have been found. The authors investigated the precise dimension, joint distribution, and the failure mechanism of the chambers. From the observations at Giza, Saqqara, Luxor, and Aswan, the relation between ancient rock works and fissure distributions has been clarified. The deterioration of the Great Sphinx is being accelerated by recrystallization of salt, slaking near limestone surface, and wind erosion. The authors propose a monitoring plan for objective restoration work.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1545-1551
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences and
Volume30
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1993

Fingerprint

Underground structures
cavern
Painting
Limestone
Restoration
Deterioration
Erosion
Rocks
Salts
slaking
Monitoring
wind erosion
failure mechanism
fissure
limestone
salt
damage
monitoring
rock
distribution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Long term stability of the underground cavern for the pharaoh and the deterioration of the great Sphinx. / Tanimoto, C.; Yoshimura, S.; Kondo, Jiro.

In: International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences and, Vol. 30, No. 7, 1993, p. 1545-1551.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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