Low J/|W| dynamical instability in differentially rotating stars: Diagnosis with canonical angular momentum

Motoyuki Saijo, Shinichirou Yoshida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We study the nature of non-axisymmetric dynamical instabilities in differentially rotating stars with both linear eigenmode analysis and hydrodynamic simulations in Newtonian gravity. We especially investigate the following three types of instability; the one-armed spiral instability, the low T/|W| bar instability, and the high T/|W| bar instability, where T is the rotational kinetic energy and W is the gravitational potential energy. The nature of the dynamical instabilities is clarified by using a canonical angular momentum as a diagnostic. We find that the one-armed spiral and the low T/|W| bar instabilities occur around the corotation radius, and they grow through the inflow of canonical angular momentum around the corotation radius. The result is a clear contrast to that of a classical dynamical bar instability in high T/|W|. We also discuss the feature of gravitational waves generated from these three types of instability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1429-1442
Number of pages14
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume368
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 May
Externally publishedYes

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angular momentum
stars
corotation
radii
potential energy
gravitational waves
gravitational fields
kinetic energy
inflow
hydrodynamics
gravity
gravitation
simulation

Keywords

  • Gravitational waves
  • Hydrodynamics
  • Instabilities
  • Stars: Evolution
  • Stars: Oscillations
  • Stars: Rotation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Low J/|W| dynamical instability in differentially rotating stars : Diagnosis with canonical angular momentum. / Saijo, Motoyuki; Yoshida, Shinichirou.

In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 368, No. 3, 05.2006, p. 1429-1442.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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