Low noise photonic millimeter-wave generation using an integrated reciprocating optical modulator

Tetsuya Kawanishi, Satoshi Oikawa, Kiichi Yoshiara, Takahide Sakamoto, Satoshi Shinada, Masayuki Izutsu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)


We generated low-phase-noise millimeter waves by using a reciprocating optical modulator. A lightwave modulated by a 44-GHz millimeter wave was obtained from a microwave signal, with a phase noise of -88.5 dBc/Hz at an offset of 10 kHz. The intensity of the millimeter waves generated was quite stable, and the linewidth was less than 1 Hz. The noise figure obtained in our reciprocating modulation process was lower than the theoretical limit for conventional frequency multipliers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)669-671
Number of pages3
JournalIEEE Photonics Technology Letters
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Mar
Externally publishedYes



  • Millimeter wave
  • Multiplication
  • Optical filter
  • Optical modulation
  • Phase noise

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Cite this