Low temperature hydrogen production by catalytic steam reforming of methane in an electric field

Kazumasa Oshima, Tatsuya Shinagawa, Masayuki Haraguchi, Yasushi Sekine

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    34 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Catalytic steam reforming of methane in an electric field (electroreforming) at low temperatures such as 423 K was investigated. Pt catalysts supported on CeO2, CexZr1-xO 2 solid solution and a physical mixture of CeO2 and other insulators (ZrO2, Al2O3 or SiO2) were used for electroreforming. Among these catalysts, Pt catalyst supported on CexZr1-xO2 solid solution showed the highest activity for electroreforming (CH4 conv. = 40.6% at 535.1 K). Results show that the interaction among the electrons, metal loading, and catalyst support was important for high catalytic activity on the electroreforming. Catalytic activity of the electroreforming increased in direct relation to the input current. Characterizations using X-ray diffraction (XRD), temperature programmed reduction with H2 (H2-TPR), and alternate current (AC) impedance measurement show that the catalyst structure is an important factor for activity of electroreforming.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)3003-3011
    Number of pages9
    JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
    Volume38
    Issue number7
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2013 Mar 7

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    Keywords

    • Catalytic reaction
    • Electric field
    • Hydrogen production
    • Low temperature reaction
    • Methane steam reforming

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
    • Fuel Technology
    • Condensed Matter Physics
    • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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