Lr-variational inequality for vector fields and the helmholtz-weyl decomposition in bounded domains

Hideo Kozono, Taku Yanagisawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Citations (Scopus)


We show that every Lr-vector field on Ω can be uniquely decomposed into two spaces with scalar and vector potentials, and the harmonic vector space via operators rot and div, where Ω is a bounded domain in ℝ3 with the smooth boundary ∂Ω. Our decomposition consists of two kinds of boundary conditions such as u-v ∂Ω = 0 and u × ∂Ω = 0, where v denotes the unit outward normal to ∂Ω. Our results may be regarded as an extension of the well-known de Rham-Hodge-Kodaira decomposition of C∞-forms on compact Riemannian manifolds into Lr-vector fields on Ω. As an application, the generalized Biot-Savart law for the incompressible fluids in Ω is obtained. Furthermore, various bounds of u in Lr for higher derivatives are given by means of rot u and div u.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1853-1920
Number of pages68
JournalIndiana University Mathematics Journal
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes



  • Betti number
  • Div-curl lemma
  • Harmonic vector fields
  • L-vector fields

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mathematics(all)

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