Lumbar lordosis angle (LLA) and leg strength predict walking ability in elderly males

Junya Miyazaki*, Shin Murata, Jun Horie, Azusa Uematsu, Tibor Hortobágyi, Shuji Suzuki

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    35 Citations (Scopus)


    There is an association between gait performance and spinal alignment in elderly females but it is unclear if this association is gender-dependent and postural changes would also predict gait performance in healthy elderly males. We measured thoracic kyphosis angle (TKA), LLA as indices of spinal alignment and maximal walking speed (WS), timed up and go test (TUG), 10-m obstacle walking time, and 6-min walk distance as indices of gait performance in healthy old males (n=124, age 73.0 ± 7.2. years). Knee extensor strength and one-leg standing time with eyes open were measures of physical function. The LLA but not TKA correlated with performance in each of the 4 gait test. Multiple-regression analyses showed that only the combination of knee extensor strength and LLA accounted for significant variation in gait performance. While previous studies showed that spinal alignment is associated with gait performance in elderly women, in healthy elderly males both functional (leg strength) and structural (spinal alignment) factors contribute to gait performance.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)141-147
    Number of pages7
    JournalArchives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jan


    • Elderly males
    • LLA
    • Spinal alignment
    • Walking ability

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Ageing
    • Geriatrics and Gerontology
    • Health(social science)
    • Gerontology


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