Lysophosphatidylinositol-induced activation of the cation channel TRPV2 triggers glucagon-like peptide-1 secretion in enteroendocrine L cells

Kazuki Harada, Tetsuya Kitaguchi, Taichi Kamiya, Kyaw Htet Aung, Kazuaki Nakamura, Kunihiro Ohta, Takashi Tsuboi

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8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The lysophosphatidylinositol (LPI) has crucial roles in multiple physiological processes, including insulin exocytosis from pancreatic islets. However, the role of LPI in secretion of glucagon- like peptide-1 (GLP-1), a hormone that enhances glucoseinduced insulin secretion, is unclear. Here, we used the murine enteroendocrine L cell line GLUTag and primary murine small intestinal cells to elucidate the mechanism of LPI-induced GLP-1 secretion. Exogenous LPI addition increased intracellular Ca2+ concentrations ([Ca2+]i) in GLUTag cells and induced GLP-1 secretion from both GLUTag and acutely prepared primary intestinal cells. The [Ca2+]i increase was suppressed by an antagonist for G protein-coupled receptor 55 (GPR55) and by silencing of GPR55 expression, indicating involvement of Gq and G12/13 signaling pathways in the LPI-induced increased [Ca2+]i levels and GLP-1 secretion. However, GPR55 agonists did not mimic many of the effects of LPI. We also found that phospholipase C inhibitor and Rho-associated kinase inhibitor suppressed the [Ca2+]i increase and that LPI increased the number of focal adhesions, indicating actin reorganization. Of note, blockage or silencing of transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 2 (TRPV2) channels suppressed both the LPI-induced [Ca2+]i increase and GLP-1 secretion. Furthermore, LPI accelerated TRPV2 translocation to the plasma membrane, which was significantly suppressed by a GPR55 antagonist. These findings suggest that TRPV2 activation via actin reorganization induced by Gq and G12/13 signaling is involved in LPI-stimulated GLP-1 secretion in enteroendocrine L cells. Because GPR55 agonists largely failed to mimic the effects of LPI, its actions on L cells are at least partially independent of GPR55 activation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10855-10864
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume292
Issue number26
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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