Macrophage depletion attenuates acute renal damage after exhaustive exercise in mice

Tsubasa Mizokami, Michiko Shimada, Katsuhiko Suzuki*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Exhaustive exercise is known to induce acute renal damage. However, the precise mechanisms remain unclear. We investigated the effects of macrophage depletion on exhaustive exercise-induced acute renal damage. Male C57BL/6J mice were divided into four groups: sedentary with control liposome (n=8), sedentary with clodronate liposome (n=8), exhaustive exercise with control liposome (n=8), and exhaustive exercise with clodronate liposome (n=8). Mice were treated clodronate liposomes or control liposomes intraperitoneally for 48 h before undergoing exhaustive exercise. Renal function and renal histology were tested at 24 hours. The expression levels of kidney injury molecule (KIM)-1 and inflammatory cytokines in kidney tissues were measured by quantitative RT-PCR, and KIM-1 were semi-quantified by immunostaining. As a result, exhaustive exercise increased macrophage infiltration into the kidney. However, clodronate reduced it. Although exhaustive exercise resulted in an increase in KIM-1 expression levels, injection of clodronate liposome reduced it. In addition, TUNEL positive apoptotic cells were increased after exercise, but significantly reduced by clodronate. Clodronate liposome treatment also decreased the mRNA expression levels of inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6) in the kidney after exhaustive exercise. These results suggest that macrophages play a critical role in increasing renal damage by regulating inflammation.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational journal of sports medicine
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • clodronate
  • cytokines
  • inflammation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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