Macroscopic observations of mammary glands and teats of Japanese serows, Capricornis crispus, with special reference to past gestation.

I. Kita, S. Miura, Y. Kojima, Shingo Miura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Mammary glands and teats were examined to estimate the reproductive history of Japanese serows. The presence of milk was an indicator of reproduction in the previous year. The thickness of the mammary glands is indicative of their function. The females whose mammary glands are more than 10 mm thick may be regarded as having delivered half a year before. The distance between teats is not always indicative of the function of the mammary glands. Animals with teats 10 mm or less in length and those with teats longer than 10 mm may be judged to be nulliparous and multiparous, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)447-451
Number of pages5
JournalThe Journal of veterinary medical science / the Japanese Society of Veterinary Science
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1995 Jun
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Marketing
  • veterinary(all)

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