Maruyamaite, K(MgAl2)(Al5Mg)Si6O18(BO3)3(OH)3O, a potassium-dominant tourmaline from the ultrahigh-pressure Kokchetav massif, northern Kazakhstan

Description and crystal structure

Aaron Lussier, Neil A. Ball, Frank C. Hawthorne, Darrell J. Henry, Rentaro Shimizu, Yoshihide Ogasawara, Tsutomu Ota

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    18 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Maruyamaite, ideally K(MgAl2)(Al5Mg)Si6O18(BO3)3(OH)3O, was recently approved as the first K-dominant mineral-species of the tourmaline supergroup. It occurs in ultrahigh-pressure quartzofeldspathic gneisses of the Kumdy-Kol area of the Kokchetav Massif, northern Kazakhstan. Maruyamaite contains inclusions of microdiamonds, and probably crystallized near the peak pressure conditions of UHP metamorphism in the stability field of diamond. Crystals occur as anhedral to euhedral grains up to 2 mm across, embedded in a matrix of anhedral quartz and K-feldspar. Maruyamaite is pale brown to brown with a white to very pale-brown streak and has a vitreous luster. It is brittle and has a Mohs hardness of ∼7; it is non-fluorescent, has no observable cleavage or parting, and has a calculated density of 3.081 g/cm3. In plane-polarized transmitted light, it is pleochroic, O = darkish brown, E = pale brown. Maruyamaite is uniaxial negative, ω = 1.634, ε = 1.652, both ±0.002. It is rhombohedral, space group R3m, a = 15.955(1), c = 7.227(1) Å, V = 1593(3) Å3, Z = 3. The strongest 10 X-ray dif- fraction lines in the powder pattern are [d in Å(I)(hkl)]: 2.581(100)(051), 2.974(85)(132), 3.995 (69)(240), 4.237(59)(231), 2.046(54)(162), 3.498(42)(012), 1.923(36)(372), 6.415(23)(111), 1.595(22)(5.10.0), 5.002(21)(021), and 4.610(20)(030). The crystal structure of maruyamaite was refined to an R1 index of 1.58% using 1149 unique reflections measured with MoKα X-radiation. Analysis by a combination of electron microprobe and crystal-structure refinement gave SiO2 36.37, Al2O3 31.50, TiO2 1.09, Cr2O3 0.04, Fe2O3 0.33, FeO 4.01, MgO 9.00, CaO 1.47, Na2O 0.60, K2O 2.54, F 0.30, B2O3(calc) 10.58, H2O(calc) 2.96, sum 100.67 wt%. The formula unit, calculated on the basis of 31 anions pfu with B = 3, OH = 3.24 apfu (derived from the crystal structure) and the site populations assigned to reflect the mean interatomic distances, is (K0.53Na0.19Ca0.260.02)ΣX=1.00(Mg1.19Fe0.552+Fe0.053+ Ti0.14Al1.07)□Y=3.00(Al5.00Mg1.00)(Si5.97Al0.03O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(O0.602 F0.16OH0.24). Maruyamaite, ideally K(MgAl2) (Al5Mg)(BO3)3(Si6O18)(OH)3O, is related to oxy-dravite: ideally Na(MgAl2)(Al5Mg)(BO3)3(Si6O18)(OH)3O, by the substitution XK → XNa.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)355-361
    Number of pages7
    JournalAmerican Mineralogist
    Volume101
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jan 1

    Fingerprint

    Kazakhstan
    tourmaline
    crystal structure
    potassium
    Potassium
    Crystal structure
    dravite
    luster
    Diamond
    Quartz
    Light polarization
    electron probe analysis
    Powders
    diamond
    polarized light
    cleavage
    hardness
    Anions
    Minerals
    feldspar

    Keywords

    • crystal-structure refinement
    • electron-microprobe analysis
    • Kokchetav Massif
    • Maruyamaite
    • microdiamond inclusions
    • new mineral
    • northern Kazakhstan
    • optical properties
    • tourmaline
    • ultrahigh-pressure

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Geochemistry and Petrology
    • Geophysics

    Cite this

    Maruyamaite, K(MgAl2)(Al5Mg)Si6O18(BO3)3(OH)3O, a potassium-dominant tourmaline from the ultrahigh-pressure Kokchetav massif, northern Kazakhstan : Description and crystal structure. / Lussier, Aaron; Ball, Neil A.; Hawthorne, Frank C.; Henry, Darrell J.; Shimizu, Rentaro; Ogasawara, Yoshihide; Ota, Tsutomu.

    In: American Mineralogist, Vol. 101, No. 2, 01.01.2016, p. 355-361.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Lussier, Aaron ; Ball, Neil A. ; Hawthorne, Frank C. ; Henry, Darrell J. ; Shimizu, Rentaro ; Ogasawara, Yoshihide ; Ota, Tsutomu. / Maruyamaite, K(MgAl2)(Al5Mg)Si6O18(BO3)3(OH)3O, a potassium-dominant tourmaline from the ultrahigh-pressure Kokchetav massif, northern Kazakhstan : Description and crystal structure. In: American Mineralogist. 2016 ; Vol. 101, No. 2. pp. 355-361.
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    title = "Maruyamaite, K(MgAl2)(Al5Mg)Si6O18(BO3)3(OH)3O, a potassium-dominant tourmaline from the ultrahigh-pressure Kokchetav massif, northern Kazakhstan: Description and crystal structure",
    abstract = "Maruyamaite, ideally K(MgAl2)(Al5Mg)Si6O18(BO3)3(OH)3O, was recently approved as the first K-dominant mineral-species of the tourmaline supergroup. It occurs in ultrahigh-pressure quartzofeldspathic gneisses of the Kumdy-Kol area of the Kokchetav Massif, northern Kazakhstan. Maruyamaite contains inclusions of microdiamonds, and probably crystallized near the peak pressure conditions of UHP metamorphism in the stability field of diamond. Crystals occur as anhedral to euhedral grains up to 2 mm across, embedded in a matrix of anhedral quartz and K-feldspar. Maruyamaite is pale brown to brown with a white to very pale-brown streak and has a vitreous luster. It is brittle and has a Mohs hardness of ∼7; it is non-fluorescent, has no observable cleavage or parting, and has a calculated density of 3.081 g/cm3. In plane-polarized transmitted light, it is pleochroic, O = darkish brown, E = pale brown. Maruyamaite is uniaxial negative, ω = 1.634, ε = 1.652, both ±0.002. It is rhombohedral, space group R3m, a = 15.955(1), c = 7.227(1) {\AA}, V = 1593(3) {\AA}3, Z = 3. The strongest 10 X-ray dif- fraction lines in the powder pattern are [d in {\AA}(I)(hkl)]: 2.581(100)(051), 2.974(85)(132), 3.995 (69)(240), 4.237(59)(231), 2.046(54)(162), 3.498(42)(012), 1.923(36)(372), 6.415(23)(111), 1.595(22)(5.10.0), 5.002(21)(021), and 4.610(20)(030). The crystal structure of maruyamaite was refined to an R1 index of 1.58{\%} using 1149 unique reflections measured with MoKα X-radiation. Analysis by a combination of electron microprobe and crystal-structure refinement gave SiO2 36.37, Al2O3 31.50, TiO2 1.09, Cr2O3 0.04, Fe2O3 0.33, FeO 4.01, MgO 9.00, CaO 1.47, Na2O 0.60, K2O 2.54, F 0.30, B2O3(calc) 10.58, H2O(calc) 2.96, sum 100.67 wt{\%}. The formula unit, calculated on the basis of 31 anions pfu with B = 3, OH = 3.24 apfu (derived from the crystal structure) and the site populations assigned to reflect the mean interatomic distances, is (K0.53Na0.19Ca0.26□0.02)ΣX=1.00(Mg1.19Fe0.552+Fe0.053+ Ti0.14Al1.07)□Y=3.00(Al5.00Mg1.00)(Si5.97Al0.03O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(O0.602 F0.16OH0.24). Maruyamaite, ideally K(MgAl2) (Al5Mg)(BO3)3(Si6O18)(OH)3O, is related to oxy-dravite: ideally Na(MgAl2)(Al5Mg)(BO3)3(Si6O18)(OH)3O, by the substitution XK → XNa.",
    keywords = "crystal-structure refinement, electron-microprobe analysis, Kokchetav Massif, Maruyamaite, microdiamond inclusions, new mineral, northern Kazakhstan, optical properties, tourmaline, ultrahigh-pressure",
    author = "Aaron Lussier and Ball, {Neil A.} and Hawthorne, {Frank C.} and Henry, {Darrell J.} and Rentaro Shimizu and Yoshihide Ogasawara and Tsutomu Ota",
    year = "2016",
    month = "1",
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    doi = "10.2138/am-2016-5359",
    language = "English",
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    T1 - Maruyamaite, K(MgAl2)(Al5Mg)Si6O18(BO3)3(OH)3O, a potassium-dominant tourmaline from the ultrahigh-pressure Kokchetav massif, northern Kazakhstan

    T2 - Description and crystal structure

    AU - Lussier, Aaron

    AU - Ball, Neil A.

    AU - Hawthorne, Frank C.

    AU - Henry, Darrell J.

    AU - Shimizu, Rentaro

    AU - Ogasawara, Yoshihide

    AU - Ota, Tsutomu

    PY - 2016/1/1

    Y1 - 2016/1/1

    N2 - Maruyamaite, ideally K(MgAl2)(Al5Mg)Si6O18(BO3)3(OH)3O, was recently approved as the first K-dominant mineral-species of the tourmaline supergroup. It occurs in ultrahigh-pressure quartzofeldspathic gneisses of the Kumdy-Kol area of the Kokchetav Massif, northern Kazakhstan. Maruyamaite contains inclusions of microdiamonds, and probably crystallized near the peak pressure conditions of UHP metamorphism in the stability field of diamond. Crystals occur as anhedral to euhedral grains up to 2 mm across, embedded in a matrix of anhedral quartz and K-feldspar. Maruyamaite is pale brown to brown with a white to very pale-brown streak and has a vitreous luster. It is brittle and has a Mohs hardness of ∼7; it is non-fluorescent, has no observable cleavage or parting, and has a calculated density of 3.081 g/cm3. In plane-polarized transmitted light, it is pleochroic, O = darkish brown, E = pale brown. Maruyamaite is uniaxial negative, ω = 1.634, ε = 1.652, both ±0.002. It is rhombohedral, space group R3m, a = 15.955(1), c = 7.227(1) Å, V = 1593(3) Å3, Z = 3. The strongest 10 X-ray dif- fraction lines in the powder pattern are [d in Å(I)(hkl)]: 2.581(100)(051), 2.974(85)(132), 3.995 (69)(240), 4.237(59)(231), 2.046(54)(162), 3.498(42)(012), 1.923(36)(372), 6.415(23)(111), 1.595(22)(5.10.0), 5.002(21)(021), and 4.610(20)(030). The crystal structure of maruyamaite was refined to an R1 index of 1.58% using 1149 unique reflections measured with MoKα X-radiation. Analysis by a combination of electron microprobe and crystal-structure refinement gave SiO2 36.37, Al2O3 31.50, TiO2 1.09, Cr2O3 0.04, Fe2O3 0.33, FeO 4.01, MgO 9.00, CaO 1.47, Na2O 0.60, K2O 2.54, F 0.30, B2O3(calc) 10.58, H2O(calc) 2.96, sum 100.67 wt%. The formula unit, calculated on the basis of 31 anions pfu with B = 3, OH = 3.24 apfu (derived from the crystal structure) and the site populations assigned to reflect the mean interatomic distances, is (K0.53Na0.19Ca0.26□0.02)ΣX=1.00(Mg1.19Fe0.552+Fe0.053+ Ti0.14Al1.07)□Y=3.00(Al5.00Mg1.00)(Si5.97Al0.03O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(O0.602 F0.16OH0.24). Maruyamaite, ideally K(MgAl2) (Al5Mg)(BO3)3(Si6O18)(OH)3O, is related to oxy-dravite: ideally Na(MgAl2)(Al5Mg)(BO3)3(Si6O18)(OH)3O, by the substitution XK → XNa.

    AB - Maruyamaite, ideally K(MgAl2)(Al5Mg)Si6O18(BO3)3(OH)3O, was recently approved as the first K-dominant mineral-species of the tourmaline supergroup. It occurs in ultrahigh-pressure quartzofeldspathic gneisses of the Kumdy-Kol area of the Kokchetav Massif, northern Kazakhstan. Maruyamaite contains inclusions of microdiamonds, and probably crystallized near the peak pressure conditions of UHP metamorphism in the stability field of diamond. Crystals occur as anhedral to euhedral grains up to 2 mm across, embedded in a matrix of anhedral quartz and K-feldspar. Maruyamaite is pale brown to brown with a white to very pale-brown streak and has a vitreous luster. It is brittle and has a Mohs hardness of ∼7; it is non-fluorescent, has no observable cleavage or parting, and has a calculated density of 3.081 g/cm3. In plane-polarized transmitted light, it is pleochroic, O = darkish brown, E = pale brown. Maruyamaite is uniaxial negative, ω = 1.634, ε = 1.652, both ±0.002. It is rhombohedral, space group R3m, a = 15.955(1), c = 7.227(1) Å, V = 1593(3) Å3, Z = 3. The strongest 10 X-ray dif- fraction lines in the powder pattern are [d in Å(I)(hkl)]: 2.581(100)(051), 2.974(85)(132), 3.995 (69)(240), 4.237(59)(231), 2.046(54)(162), 3.498(42)(012), 1.923(36)(372), 6.415(23)(111), 1.595(22)(5.10.0), 5.002(21)(021), and 4.610(20)(030). The crystal structure of maruyamaite was refined to an R1 index of 1.58% using 1149 unique reflections measured with MoKα X-radiation. Analysis by a combination of electron microprobe and crystal-structure refinement gave SiO2 36.37, Al2O3 31.50, TiO2 1.09, Cr2O3 0.04, Fe2O3 0.33, FeO 4.01, MgO 9.00, CaO 1.47, Na2O 0.60, K2O 2.54, F 0.30, B2O3(calc) 10.58, H2O(calc) 2.96, sum 100.67 wt%. The formula unit, calculated on the basis of 31 anions pfu with B = 3, OH = 3.24 apfu (derived from the crystal structure) and the site populations assigned to reflect the mean interatomic distances, is (K0.53Na0.19Ca0.26□0.02)ΣX=1.00(Mg1.19Fe0.552+Fe0.053+ Ti0.14Al1.07)□Y=3.00(Al5.00Mg1.00)(Si5.97Al0.03O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(O0.602 F0.16OH0.24). Maruyamaite, ideally K(MgAl2) (Al5Mg)(BO3)3(Si6O18)(OH)3O, is related to oxy-dravite: ideally Na(MgAl2)(Al5Mg)(BO3)3(Si6O18)(OH)3O, by the substitution XK → XNa.

    KW - crystal-structure refinement

    KW - electron-microprobe analysis

    KW - Kokchetav Massif

    KW - Maruyamaite

    KW - microdiamond inclusions

    KW - new mineral

    KW - northern Kazakhstan

    KW - optical properties

    KW - tourmaline

    KW - ultrahigh-pressure

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