Mass Transfer Process by Magneto-convection at a Solid-liquid Interface in a Heterogeneous Vertical Magnetic Field

Atsushi Sugiyama, Shigeyoshi Morisaki, Ryoichi Aogaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

When an external magnetic field is vertically imposed on a solid-liquid interface, the mass transfer process of a solute dissolving from or depositing on the interface was theoretically examined. In a heterogeneous vertical magnetic field, a material receives a magnetic force in proportion to the product of the magnetic susceptibility, the magnetic flux density B and its gradient (dB/dz). As the reaction proceeds, a diffusion layer of the solute with changing susceptibility is formed at the interface because of the difference of the the magnetic susceptibility on the concentration of the solute. In the case of an unstable condition where the dimensionless number of magneto-convection S takes a positive value, the magnetic force is applied to the layer and induces numerous minute convection cells. The mass transfer of the solute is thus accelerated, so that it is predicted that the mass flux increases with the 1/3rd order of B(dB/dz) and the 4/3rd order of the concentration. The experiment was then performed by measuring the rate of the dissolution of copper sulfate pentahydrate crystal in water.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5322-5329
Number of pages8
JournalJapanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 1: Regular Papers and Short Notes and Review Papers
Volume42
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Aug
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

liquid-solid interfaces
mass transfer
solutes
convection
Mass transfer
Magnetic fields
Magnetic susceptibility
Liquids
magnetic permeability
magnetic fields
dissolving
Magnetic flux
dimensionless numbers
convection cells
Dissolution
Copper
magnetic flux
sulfates
proportion
Crystals

Keywords

  • Crystal dissolution
  • Magnetic field
  • Magneto-convection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Mass Transfer Process by Magneto-convection at a Solid-liquid Interface in a Heterogeneous Vertical Magnetic Field. / Sugiyama, Atsushi; Morisaki, Shigeyoshi; Aogaki, Ryoichi.

In: Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 1: Regular Papers and Short Notes and Review Papers, Vol. 42, No. 8, 08.2003, p. 5322-5329.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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