Measurement of air shower cores to study the cosmic ray composition in the knee energy region

M. Amenomori, S. Ayabe, Caidong, Danzengluobu, L. K. Ding, Z. Y. Feng, Y. Fu, H. W. Guo, M. He, K. Hibino, N. Hotta, Q. Huang, A. X. Huo, K. Izu, H. Y. Jia, F. Kajino, K. Kasahara, Y. Katayose, Labaciren, J. Y. LiH. Lu, S. L. Lu, G. X. Luo, X. R. Meng, K. Mizutani, J. Mu, H. Nanjo, M. Nishizawa, M. Ohnishi, I. Ohta, T. Ouchi, Z. R. Peng, J. R. Ren, T. Saito, M. Sakata, T. Sasaki, Z. Z. Shi, M. Shibata, A. Shiomi, T. Shirai, H. Sugimoto, K. Taira, Y. H. Tan, N. Tateyama, Shoji Torii, T. Utsugi, C. R. Wang, H. Wang, X. W. Xu, Y. Yamamoto, G. C. Yu, A. F. Yuan, T. Yuda, C. S. Zhang, H. M. Zhang, J. L. Zhang, N. J. Zhang, X. Y. Zhang, Zhaxiciren, Zhaxisangzhu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Since 1996, a hybrid experiment consisting of an emulsion chamber and a burst detector array and the Tibet-II air-shower array has been operated at Yangbajing (4300 m above sea level) in Tibet. This experiment can detect air shower cores, called burst events, accompanied by air showers in excess of about 100 TeV. Using the burst event data observed by this experiment, we discuss the primary cosmic ray composition around the knee in comparison with the Monte Carlo simulations. In this paper, we show that all the features of burst events are wholly compatible with the heavy enriched composition in the knee energy region.

Original languageEnglish
Article number072007
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalPhysical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
Volume62
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Oct 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Cosmic Rays
cosmic ray showers
Burst
cosmic rays
bursts
Tibet
Energy
Experiment
primary cosmic rays
Emulsion
energy
sea level
emulsions
Excess
Monte Carlo Simulation
chambers
Detector
detectors
simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Mathematical Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Amenomori, M., Ayabe, S., Caidong, Danzengluobu, Ding, L. K., Feng, Z. Y., ... Zhaxisangzhu (2000). Measurement of air shower cores to study the cosmic ray composition in the knee energy region. Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology, 62(7), 1-12. [072007].

Measurement of air shower cores to study the cosmic ray composition in the knee energy region. / Amenomori, M.; Ayabe, S.; Caidong; Danzengluobu; Ding, L. K.; Feng, Z. Y.; Fu, Y.; Guo, H. W.; He, M.; Hibino, K.; Hotta, N.; Huang, Q.; Huo, A. X.; Izu, K.; Jia, H. Y.; Kajino, F.; Kasahara, K.; Katayose, Y.; Labaciren; Li, J. Y.; Lu, H.; Lu, S. L.; Luo, G. X.; Meng, X. R.; Mizutani, K.; Mu, J.; Nanjo, H.; Nishizawa, M.; Ohnishi, M.; Ohta, I.; Ouchi, T.; Peng, Z. R.; Ren, J. R.; Saito, T.; Sakata, M.; Sasaki, T.; Shi, Z. Z.; Shibata, M.; Shiomi, A.; Shirai, T.; Sugimoto, H.; Taira, K.; Tan, Y. H.; Tateyama, N.; Torii, Shoji; Utsugi, T.; Wang, C. R.; Wang, H.; Xu, X. W.; Yamamoto, Y.; Yu, G. C.; Yuan, A. F.; Yuda, T.; Zhang, C. S.; Zhang, H. M.; Zhang, J. L.; Zhang, N. J.; Zhang, X. Y.; Zhaxiciren; Zhaxisangzhu.

In: Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology, Vol. 62, No. 7, 072007, 01.10.2000, p. 1-12.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Amenomori, M, Ayabe, S, Caidong, Danzengluobu, Ding, LK, Feng, ZY, Fu, Y, Guo, HW, He, M, Hibino, K, Hotta, N, Huang, Q, Huo, AX, Izu, K, Jia, HY, Kajino, F, Kasahara, K, Katayose, Y, Labaciren, Li, JY, Lu, H, Lu, SL, Luo, GX, Meng, XR, Mizutani, K, Mu, J, Nanjo, H, Nishizawa, M, Ohnishi, M, Ohta, I, Ouchi, T, Peng, ZR, Ren, JR, Saito, T, Sakata, M, Sasaki, T, Shi, ZZ, Shibata, M, Shiomi, A, Shirai, T, Sugimoto, H, Taira, K, Tan, YH, Tateyama, N, Torii, S, Utsugi, T, Wang, CR, Wang, H, Xu, XW, Yamamoto, Y, Yu, GC, Yuan, AF, Yuda, T, Zhang, CS, Zhang, HM, Zhang, JL, Zhang, NJ, Zhang, XY, Zhaxiciren & Zhaxisangzhu 2000, 'Measurement of air shower cores to study the cosmic ray composition in the knee energy region', Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology, vol. 62, no. 7, 072007, pp. 1-12.
Amenomori, M. ; Ayabe, S. ; Caidong ; Danzengluobu ; Ding, L. K. ; Feng, Z. Y. ; Fu, Y. ; Guo, H. W. ; He, M. ; Hibino, K. ; Hotta, N. ; Huang, Q. ; Huo, A. X. ; Izu, K. ; Jia, H. Y. ; Kajino, F. ; Kasahara, K. ; Katayose, Y. ; Labaciren ; Li, J. Y. ; Lu, H. ; Lu, S. L. ; Luo, G. X. ; Meng, X. R. ; Mizutani, K. ; Mu, J. ; Nanjo, H. ; Nishizawa, M. ; Ohnishi, M. ; Ohta, I. ; Ouchi, T. ; Peng, Z. R. ; Ren, J. R. ; Saito, T. ; Sakata, M. ; Sasaki, T. ; Shi, Z. Z. ; Shibata, M. ; Shiomi, A. ; Shirai, T. ; Sugimoto, H. ; Taira, K. ; Tan, Y. H. ; Tateyama, N. ; Torii, Shoji ; Utsugi, T. ; Wang, C. R. ; Wang, H. ; Xu, X. W. ; Yamamoto, Y. ; Yu, G. C. ; Yuan, A. F. ; Yuda, T. ; Zhang, C. S. ; Zhang, H. M. ; Zhang, J. L. ; Zhang, N. J. ; Zhang, X. Y. ; Zhaxiciren ; Zhaxisangzhu. / Measurement of air shower cores to study the cosmic ray composition in the knee energy region. In: Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology. 2000 ; Vol. 62, No. 7. pp. 1-12.
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abstract = "Since 1996, a hybrid experiment consisting of an emulsion chamber and a burst detector array and the Tibet-II air-shower array has been operated at Yangbajing (4300 m above sea level) in Tibet. This experiment can detect air shower cores, called burst events, accompanied by air showers in excess of about 100 TeV. Using the burst event data observed by this experiment, we discuss the primary cosmic ray composition around the knee in comparison with the Monte Carlo simulations. In this paper, we show that all the features of burst events are wholly compatible with the heavy enriched composition in the knee energy region.",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Measurement of air shower cores to study the cosmic ray composition in the knee energy region

AU - Amenomori, M.

AU - Ayabe, S.

AU - Caidong,

AU - Danzengluobu,

AU - Ding, L. K.

AU - Feng, Z. Y.

AU - Fu, Y.

AU - Guo, H. W.

AU - He, M.

AU - Hibino, K.

AU - Hotta, N.

AU - Huang, Q.

AU - Huo, A. X.

AU - Izu, K.

AU - Jia, H. Y.

AU - Kajino, F.

AU - Kasahara, K.

AU - Katayose, Y.

AU - Labaciren,

AU - Li, J. Y.

AU - Lu, H.

AU - Lu, S. L.

AU - Luo, G. X.

AU - Meng, X. R.

AU - Mizutani, K.

AU - Mu, J.

AU - Nanjo, H.

AU - Nishizawa, M.

AU - Ohnishi, M.

AU - Ohta, I.

AU - Ouchi, T.

AU - Peng, Z. R.

AU - Ren, J. R.

AU - Saito, T.

AU - Sakata, M.

AU - Sasaki, T.

AU - Shi, Z. Z.

AU - Shibata, M.

AU - Shiomi, A.

AU - Shirai, T.

AU - Sugimoto, H.

AU - Taira, K.

AU - Tan, Y. H.

AU - Tateyama, N.

AU - Torii, Shoji

AU - Utsugi, T.

AU - Wang, C. R.

AU - Wang, H.

AU - Xu, X. W.

AU - Yamamoto, Y.

AU - Yu, G. C.

AU - Yuan, A. F.

AU - Yuda, T.

AU - Zhang, C. S.

AU - Zhang, H. M.

AU - Zhang, J. L.

AU - Zhang, N. J.

AU - Zhang, X. Y.

AU - Zhaxiciren,

AU - Zhaxisangzhu,

PY - 2000/10/1

Y1 - 2000/10/1

N2 - Since 1996, a hybrid experiment consisting of an emulsion chamber and a burst detector array and the Tibet-II air-shower array has been operated at Yangbajing (4300 m above sea level) in Tibet. This experiment can detect air shower cores, called burst events, accompanied by air showers in excess of about 100 TeV. Using the burst event data observed by this experiment, we discuss the primary cosmic ray composition around the knee in comparison with the Monte Carlo simulations. In this paper, we show that all the features of burst events are wholly compatible with the heavy enriched composition in the knee energy region.

AB - Since 1996, a hybrid experiment consisting of an emulsion chamber and a burst detector array and the Tibet-II air-shower array has been operated at Yangbajing (4300 m above sea level) in Tibet. This experiment can detect air shower cores, called burst events, accompanied by air showers in excess of about 100 TeV. Using the burst event data observed by this experiment, we discuss the primary cosmic ray composition around the knee in comparison with the Monte Carlo simulations. In this paper, we show that all the features of burst events are wholly compatible with the heavy enriched composition in the knee energy region.

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M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:17944362711

VL - 62

SP - 1

EP - 12

JO - Physical review D: Particles and fields

JF - Physical review D: Particles and fields

SN - 0556-2821

IS - 7

M1 - 072007

ER -