Measurement of ambient PAHs in Kumamoto: Differentiating local and transboundary air pollution

Taichi Sugiyama, Kojiro Shimada, Kaori Miura, Neng Huei Lin, Yong Pyo Kim, Chak K. Chan, Akinori Takami, Shiro Hatakeyama

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    5 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    We developed an index to investigate the effect of transboundary air pollution (TAP) on the air quality of Kumamoto City, Japan. We estimated the effect of TAP by using the index and positive matrix factorization (PMF). Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and trace metals were analyzed from the daily samples of the Total Suspended Particles (TSPs) collected seasonally from Oct. 2014 to Aug. 2015. These chemical components exhibited high concentrations in spring and winter, which is consistent with the data in the literature. Pb was identified as the TAP tracer owing to its high concentrations in winter and spring. Indeno(1, 2, 3-cd)pyrene (IcdP) was used as the local emission tracer in Kumamoto on the basis of previous studies. We applied the IcdP/Pb ratio as the index. The index enables the detection of TAP in daily data sets. PMF identified six factors: soil and road dust, biomass and waste burning, heavy oil combustion, fishing boats, vehicle emission, and coal combustion. The average contribution of TAP on the days when transboundary pollution was high was evaluated as being 46%.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)3106-3118
    Number of pages13
    JournalAerosol and Air Quality Research
    Volume17
    Issue number12
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2017 Dec 1

    Fingerprint

    transboundary pollution
    Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons
    Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
    Air pollution
    PAH
    atmospheric pollution
    Factorization
    Vehicle Emissions
    tracer
    Coal combustion
    Pyrene
    Boats
    matrix
    Air quality
    winter
    traffic emission
    Dust
    heavy oil
    pyrene
    Biomass

    Keywords

    • Contribution of local air pollution
    • Contribution of transboundary air pollution
    • Indeno(1, 2, 3-cd)pyrene
    • Lead
    • PMF analysis

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Environmental Chemistry
    • Pollution

    Cite this

    Measurement of ambient PAHs in Kumamoto : Differentiating local and transboundary air pollution. / Sugiyama, Taichi; Shimada, Kojiro; Miura, Kaori; Lin, Neng Huei; Kim, Yong Pyo; Chan, Chak K.; Takami, Akinori; Hatakeyama, Shiro.

    In: Aerosol and Air Quality Research, Vol. 17, No. 12, 01.12.2017, p. 3106-3118.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Sugiyama, T, Shimada, K, Miura, K, Lin, NH, Kim, YP, Chan, CK, Takami, A & Hatakeyama, S 2017, 'Measurement of ambient PAHs in Kumamoto: Differentiating local and transboundary air pollution', Aerosol and Air Quality Research, vol. 17, no. 12, pp. 3106-3118. https://doi.org/10.4209/aaqr.2016.12.0585
    Sugiyama, Taichi ; Shimada, Kojiro ; Miura, Kaori ; Lin, Neng Huei ; Kim, Yong Pyo ; Chan, Chak K. ; Takami, Akinori ; Hatakeyama, Shiro. / Measurement of ambient PAHs in Kumamoto : Differentiating local and transboundary air pollution. In: Aerosol and Air Quality Research. 2017 ; Vol. 17, No. 12. pp. 3106-3118.
    @article{525c8f0121314ac7b27a3106f98d7365,
    title = "Measurement of ambient PAHs in Kumamoto: Differentiating local and transboundary air pollution",
    abstract = "We developed an index to investigate the effect of transboundary air pollution (TAP) on the air quality of Kumamoto City, Japan. We estimated the effect of TAP by using the index and positive matrix factorization (PMF). Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and trace metals were analyzed from the daily samples of the Total Suspended Particles (TSPs) collected seasonally from Oct. 2014 to Aug. 2015. These chemical components exhibited high concentrations in spring and winter, which is consistent with the data in the literature. Pb was identified as the TAP tracer owing to its high concentrations in winter and spring. Indeno(1, 2, 3-cd)pyrene (IcdP) was used as the local emission tracer in Kumamoto on the basis of previous studies. We applied the IcdP/Pb ratio as the index. The index enables the detection of TAP in daily data sets. PMF identified six factors: soil and road dust, biomass and waste burning, heavy oil combustion, fishing boats, vehicle emission, and coal combustion. The average contribution of TAP on the days when transboundary pollution was high was evaluated as being 46{\%}.",
    keywords = "Contribution of local air pollution, Contribution of transboundary air pollution, Indeno(1, 2, 3-cd)pyrene, Lead, PMF analysis",
    author = "Taichi Sugiyama and Kojiro Shimada and Kaori Miura and Lin, {Neng Huei} and Kim, {Yong Pyo} and Chan, {Chak K.} and Akinori Takami and Shiro Hatakeyama",
    year = "2017",
    month = "12",
    day = "1",
    doi = "10.4209/aaqr.2016.12.0585",
    language = "English",
    volume = "17",
    pages = "3106--3118",
    journal = "Aerosol and Air Quality Research",
    issn = "1680-8584",
    publisher = "AAGR Aerosol and Air Quality Research",
    number = "12",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Measurement of ambient PAHs in Kumamoto

    T2 - Differentiating local and transboundary air pollution

    AU - Sugiyama, Taichi

    AU - Shimada, Kojiro

    AU - Miura, Kaori

    AU - Lin, Neng Huei

    AU - Kim, Yong Pyo

    AU - Chan, Chak K.

    AU - Takami, Akinori

    AU - Hatakeyama, Shiro

    PY - 2017/12/1

    Y1 - 2017/12/1

    N2 - We developed an index to investigate the effect of transboundary air pollution (TAP) on the air quality of Kumamoto City, Japan. We estimated the effect of TAP by using the index and positive matrix factorization (PMF). Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and trace metals were analyzed from the daily samples of the Total Suspended Particles (TSPs) collected seasonally from Oct. 2014 to Aug. 2015. These chemical components exhibited high concentrations in spring and winter, which is consistent with the data in the literature. Pb was identified as the TAP tracer owing to its high concentrations in winter and spring. Indeno(1, 2, 3-cd)pyrene (IcdP) was used as the local emission tracer in Kumamoto on the basis of previous studies. We applied the IcdP/Pb ratio as the index. The index enables the detection of TAP in daily data sets. PMF identified six factors: soil and road dust, biomass and waste burning, heavy oil combustion, fishing boats, vehicle emission, and coal combustion. The average contribution of TAP on the days when transboundary pollution was high was evaluated as being 46%.

    AB - We developed an index to investigate the effect of transboundary air pollution (TAP) on the air quality of Kumamoto City, Japan. We estimated the effect of TAP by using the index and positive matrix factorization (PMF). Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and trace metals were analyzed from the daily samples of the Total Suspended Particles (TSPs) collected seasonally from Oct. 2014 to Aug. 2015. These chemical components exhibited high concentrations in spring and winter, which is consistent with the data in the literature. Pb was identified as the TAP tracer owing to its high concentrations in winter and spring. Indeno(1, 2, 3-cd)pyrene (IcdP) was used as the local emission tracer in Kumamoto on the basis of previous studies. We applied the IcdP/Pb ratio as the index. The index enables the detection of TAP in daily data sets. PMF identified six factors: soil and road dust, biomass and waste burning, heavy oil combustion, fishing boats, vehicle emission, and coal combustion. The average contribution of TAP on the days when transboundary pollution was high was evaluated as being 46%.

    KW - Contribution of local air pollution

    KW - Contribution of transboundary air pollution

    KW - Indeno(1, 2, 3-cd)pyrene

    KW - Lead

    KW - PMF analysis

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85037534261&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85037534261&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.4209/aaqr.2016.12.0585

    DO - 10.4209/aaqr.2016.12.0585

    M3 - Article

    AN - SCOPUS:85037534261

    VL - 17

    SP - 3106

    EP - 3118

    JO - Aerosol and Air Quality Research

    JF - Aerosol and Air Quality Research

    SN - 1680-8584

    IS - 12

    ER -