Measurement of heavy quark forward-backward asymmetries and average B mixing using leptons in hadronic Z decays

G. Abbiendi, C. Ainsley, P. F. Åkesson, G. Alexander, J. Allison, P. Amaral, G. Anagnostou, K. J. Anderson, S. Arcelli, S. Asai, D. Axen, G. Azuelos, I. Bailey, E. Barberio, R. J. Barlow, R. J. Batley, P. Bechtle, T. Behnke, K. W. Bell, P. J. BellG. Bella, A. Bellerive, G. Benelli, S. Bethke, O. Biebel, O. Boeriu, P. Bock, M. Boutemeur, S. Braibant, L. Brigliadori, R. M. Brown, K. Buesser, H. J. Burckhart, S. Campana, R. K. Carnegie, B. Caron, A. A. Carter, J. R. Carter, C. Y. Chang, D. G. Charlton, A. Csilling, M. Cuffiani, S. Dado, A. De Roeck, E. A. De Wolf, K. Desch, B. Dienes, M. Donkers, J. Dubbert, E. Duchovni, G. Duckeck, I. P. Duerdoth, E. Etzion, F. Fabbri, L. Feld, P. Ferrari, F. Fiedler, I. Fleck, M. Ford, A. Frey, A. Fürtjes, P. Gagnon, J. W. Gary, G. Gaycken, C. Geich-Gimbel, G. Giacomelli, P. Giacomelli, M. Giunta, J. Goldberg, E. Gross, J. Grunhaus, M. Gruwé, P. O. Günther, A. Gupta, C. Hajdu, M. Hamann, G. G. Hanson, K. Harder, A. Harel, M. Harin-Dirac, M. Hauschild, C. M. Hawkes, R. Hawkings, R. J. Hemingway, C. Hensel, G. Herten, R. D. Heuer, J. C. Hill, K. Hoffman, D. Horváth, P. Igo-Kemenes, K. Ishii, H. Jeremie, P. Jovanovic, T. R. Junk, N. Kanaya, J. Kanzaki, G. Karapetian, D. Karlen, K. Kawagoe, T. Kawamoto, R. K. Keeler, R. G. Kellogg, B. W. Kennedy, D. H. Kim, K. Klein, A. Klier, S. Kluth, T. Kobayashi, M. Kobel, Sachio Komamiya, L. Kormos, T. Krämer, P. Krieger, J. von Krogh, K. Kruger, T. Kuhl, M. Kupper, G. D. Lafferty, H. Landsman, D. Lanske, J. G. Layter, A. Leins, D. Lellouch, J. Letts, L. Levinson, J. Lillich, S. L. Lloyd, F. K. Loebinger, J. Lu, J. Ludwig, A. Macpherson, W. Mader, S. Marcellini, A. J. Martin, G. Masetti, T. Mashimo, P. Mättig, W. J. McDonald, J. McKenna, T. J. McMahon, R. A. McPherson, F. Meijers, W. Menges, F. S. Merritt, H. Mes, A. Michelini, S. Mihara, G. Mikenberg, D. J. Miller, S. Moed, W. Mohr, T. Mori, A. Mutter, K. Nagai, I. Nakamura, H. Nanjo, H. A. Neal, R. Nisius, S. W. O'Neale, A. Oh, A. Okpara, M. J. Oreglia, S. Orito, C. Pahl, G. Pásztor, J. R. Pater, G. N. Patrick, J. E. Pilcher, J. Pinfold, D. E. Plane, B. Poli, J. Polok, O. Pooth, M. Przybycien, A. Quadt, K. Rabbertz, C. Rembser, P. Renkel, J. M. Roney, S. Rosati, Y. Rozen, K. Runge, K. Sachs, T. Saeki, E. K.G. Sarkisyan, A. D. Schaile, O. Schaile, P. Scharff-Hansen, J. Schieck, T. Schörner-Sadenius, M. Schröder, M. Schumacher, C. Schwick, W. G. Scott, R. Seuster, T. G. Shears, B. C. Shen, P. Sherwood, G. Siroli, A. Skuja, A. M. Smith, R. Sobie, S. Söldner-Rembold, F. Spano, A. Stahl, K. Stephens, D. Strom, R. Ströhmer, S. Tarem, M. Tasevsky, R. J. Taylor, R. Teuscher, M. A. Thomson, E. Torrence, D. Toya, P. Tran, I. Trigger, Z. Trócsányi, E. Tsur, M. F. Turner-Watson, I. Ueda, B. Ujvári, C. F. Vollmer, P. Vannerem, R. Vértesi, M. Verzocchi, H. Voss, J. Vossebeld, D. Waller, C. P. Ward, D. R. Ward, P. M. Watkins, A. T. Watson, N. K. Watson, P. S. Wells, T. Wengler, N. Wermes, D. Wetterling, G. W. Wilson, J. A. Wilson, G. Wolf, T. R. Wyatt, S. Yamashita, D. Zer-Zion, L. Zivkovic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A measurement of the forward-backward asymmetries of e+e - → bb̄ and e+e- → cc̄ events using electrons and muons produced in semileptonic decays of bottom and charm hadrons is presented. The outputs of two neural networks designed to identify b → ℓ- and c → ℓ+ decays are used in a maximum likelihood fit to a sample of events containing one or two identified leptons. The b and c quark forward-backward asymmetries at three centre-of-mass energies √s and the average B mixing parameter χ are determined simultaneously in the fit. Using all data collected by OPAL near the Z resonance, the asymmetries are measured to be: AFB bb̄ = (4.7 ± 1.8 ± 0.1)%, AFB cc̄ = (-6.8 ± 0.9)% at 〈√s〉 = 89.51 GeV, AFB bb̄ = (9.72 ± 0.42 ± 0.15)%, A FB cc̄ = (5.68 ± 0.54 ± 0.39)% at 〈√s〉 = 91.25 GeV, AFB bb̄ = (10.3 ± 1.5 ± 0.2)%, AFB cc̄ = (14.6 ± 2.0 ± 0.8)% at 〈√s〉 = 92.95 GeV. For the average B mixing parameter, a value of: χ = (13.12 ± 0.49 ± 0.42)% is obtained. In each case the first uncertainty is statistical and the second systematic. These results are combined with other OPAL measurements of the b and c forward-backward asymmetries, and used to derive a value for the effective electroweak mixing angle for leptons sin2θ eff of 0.23238 ± 0.00052.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18-36
Number of pages19
JournalPhysics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics
Volume577
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Dec 18
Externally publishedYes

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leptons
asymmetry
quarks
decay
hadrons
center of mass
muons
output
electrons
energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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Measurement of heavy quark forward-backward asymmetries and average B mixing using leptons in hadronic Z decays. / Abbiendi, G.; Ainsley, C.; Åkesson, P. F.; Alexander, G.; Allison, J.; Amaral, P.; Anagnostou, G.; Anderson, K. J.; Arcelli, S.; Asai, S.; Axen, D.; Azuelos, G.; Bailey, I.; Barberio, E.; Barlow, R. J.; Batley, R. J.; Bechtle, P.; Behnke, T.; Bell, K. W.; Bell, P. J.; Bella, G.; Bellerive, A.; Benelli, G.; Bethke, S.; Biebel, O.; Boeriu, O.; Bock, P.; Boutemeur, M.; Braibant, S.; Brigliadori, L.; Brown, R. M.; Buesser, K.; Burckhart, H. J.; Campana, S.; Carnegie, R. K.; Caron, B.; Carter, A. A.; Carter, J. R.; Chang, C. Y.; Charlton, D. G.; Csilling, A.; Cuffiani, M.; Dado, S.; De Roeck, A.; De Wolf, E. A.; Desch, K.; Dienes, B.; Donkers, M.; Dubbert, J.; Duchovni, E.; Duckeck, G.; Duerdoth, I. P.; Etzion, E.; Fabbri, F.; Feld, L.; Ferrari, P.; Fiedler, F.; Fleck, I.; Ford, M.; Frey, A.; Fürtjes, A.; Gagnon, P.; Gary, J. W.; Gaycken, G.; Geich-Gimbel, C.; Giacomelli, G.; Giacomelli, P.; Giunta, M.; Goldberg, J.; Gross, E.; Grunhaus, J.; Gruwé, M.; Günther, P. O.; Gupta, A.; Hajdu, C.; Hamann, M.; Hanson, G. G.; Harder, K.; Harel, A.; Harin-Dirac, M.; Hauschild, M.; Hawkes, C. M.; Hawkings, R.; Hemingway, R. J.; Hensel, C.; Herten, G.; Heuer, R. D.; Hill, J. C.; Hoffman, K.; Horváth, D.; Igo-Kemenes, P.; Ishii, K.; Jeremie, H.; Jovanovic, P.; Junk, T. R.; Kanaya, N.; Kanzaki, J.; Karapetian, G.; Karlen, D.; Kawagoe, K.; Kawamoto, T.; Keeler, R. K.; Kellogg, R. G.; Kennedy, B. W.; Kim, D. H.; Klein, K.; Klier, A.; Kluth, S.; Kobayashi, T.; Kobel, M.; Komamiya, Sachio; Kormos, L.; Krämer, T.; Krieger, P.; von Krogh, J.; Kruger, K.; Kuhl, T.; Kupper, M.; Lafferty, G. D.; Landsman, H.; Lanske, D.; Layter, J. G.; Leins, A.; Lellouch, D.; Letts, J.; Levinson, L.; Lillich, J.; Lloyd, S. L.; Loebinger, F. K.; Lu, J.; Ludwig, J.; Macpherson, A.; Mader, W.; Marcellini, S.; Martin, A. J.; Masetti, G.; Mashimo, T.; Mättig, P.; McDonald, W. J.; McKenna, J.; McMahon, T. J.; McPherson, R. A.; Meijers, F.; Menges, W.; Merritt, F. S.; Mes, H.; Michelini, A.; Mihara, S.; Mikenberg, G.; Miller, D. J.; Moed, S.; Mohr, W.; Mori, T.; Mutter, A.; Nagai, K.; Nakamura, I.; Nanjo, H.; Neal, H. A.; Nisius, R.; O'Neale, S. W.; Oh, A.; Okpara, A.; Oreglia, M. J.; Orito, S.; Pahl, C.; Pásztor, G.; Pater, J. R.; Patrick, G. N.; Pilcher, J. E.; Pinfold, J.; Plane, D. E.; Poli, B.; Polok, J.; Pooth, O.; Przybycien, M.; Quadt, A.; Rabbertz, K.; Rembser, C.; Renkel, P.; Roney, J. M.; Rosati, S.; Rozen, Y.; Runge, K.; Sachs, K.; Saeki, T.; Sarkisyan, E. K.G.; Schaile, A. D.; Schaile, O.; Scharff-Hansen, P.; Schieck, J.; Schörner-Sadenius, T.; Schröder, M.; Schumacher, M.; Schwick, C.; Scott, W. G.; Seuster, R.; Shears, T. G.; Shen, B. C.; Sherwood, P.; Siroli, G.; Skuja, A.; Smith, A. M.; Sobie, R.; Söldner-Rembold, S.; Spano, F.; Stahl, A.; Stephens, K.; Strom, D.; Ströhmer, R.; Tarem, S.; Tasevsky, M.; Taylor, R. J.; Teuscher, R.; Thomson, M. A.; Torrence, E.; Toya, D.; Tran, P.; Trigger, I.; Trócsányi, Z.; Tsur, E.; Turner-Watson, M. F.; Ueda, I.; Ujvári, B.; Vollmer, C. F.; Vannerem, P.; Vértesi, R.; Verzocchi, M.; Voss, H.; Vossebeld, J.; Waller, D.; Ward, C. P.; Ward, D. R.; Watkins, P. M.; Watson, A. T.; Watson, N. K.; Wells, P. S.; Wengler, T.; Wermes, N.; Wetterling, D.; Wilson, G. W.; Wilson, J. A.; Wolf, G.; Wyatt, T. R.; Yamashita, S.; Zer-Zion, D.; Zivkovic, L.

In: Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics, Vol. 577, No. 1-2, 18.12.2003, p. 18-36.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abbiendi, G, Ainsley, C, Åkesson, PF, Alexander, G, Allison, J, Amaral, P, Anagnostou, G, Anderson, KJ, Arcelli, S, Asai, S, Axen, D, Azuelos, G, Bailey, I, Barberio, E, Barlow, RJ, Batley, RJ, Bechtle, P, Behnke, T, Bell, KW, Bell, PJ, Bella, G, Bellerive, A, Benelli, G, Bethke, S, Biebel, O, Boeriu, O, Bock, P, Boutemeur, M, Braibant, S, Brigliadori, L, Brown, RM, Buesser, K, Burckhart, HJ, Campana, S, Carnegie, RK, Caron, B, Carter, AA, Carter, JR, Chang, CY, Charlton, DG, Csilling, A, Cuffiani, M, Dado, S, De Roeck, A, De Wolf, EA, Desch, K, Dienes, B, Donkers, M, Dubbert, J, Duchovni, E, Duckeck, G, Duerdoth, IP, Etzion, E, Fabbri, F, Feld, L, Ferrari, P, Fiedler, F, Fleck, I, Ford, M, Frey, A, Fürtjes, A, Gagnon, P, Gary, JW, Gaycken, G, Geich-Gimbel, C, Giacomelli, G, Giacomelli, P, Giunta, M, Goldberg, J, Gross, E, Grunhaus, J, Gruwé, M, Günther, PO, Gupta, A, Hajdu, C, Hamann, M, Hanson, GG, Harder, K, Harel, A, Harin-Dirac, M, Hauschild, M, Hawkes, CM, Hawkings, R, Hemingway, RJ, Hensel, C, Herten, G, Heuer, RD, Hill, JC, Hoffman, K, Horváth, D, Igo-Kemenes, P, Ishii, K, Jeremie, H, Jovanovic, P, Junk, TR, Kanaya, N, Kanzaki, J, Karapetian, G, Karlen, D, Kawagoe, K, Kawamoto, T, Keeler, RK, Kellogg, RG, Kennedy, BW, Kim, DH, Klein, K, Klier, A, Kluth, S, Kobayashi, T, Kobel, M, Komamiya, S, Kormos, L, Krämer, T, Krieger, P, von Krogh, J, Kruger, K, Kuhl, T, Kupper, M, Lafferty, GD, Landsman, H, Lanske, D, Layter, JG, Leins, A, Lellouch, D, Letts, J, Levinson, L, Lillich, J, Lloyd, SL, Loebinger, FK, Lu, J, Ludwig, J, Macpherson, A, Mader, W, Marcellini, S, Martin, AJ, Masetti, G, Mashimo, T, Mättig, P, McDonald, WJ, McKenna, J, McMahon, TJ, McPherson, RA, Meijers, F, Menges, W, Merritt, FS, Mes, H, Michelini, A, Mihara, S, Mikenberg, G, Miller, DJ, Moed, S, Mohr, W, Mori, T, Mutter, A, Nagai, K, Nakamura, I, Nanjo, H, Neal, HA, Nisius, R, O'Neale, SW, Oh, A, Okpara, A, Oreglia, MJ, Orito, S, Pahl, C, Pásztor, G, Pater, JR, Patrick, GN, Pilcher, JE, Pinfold, J, Plane, DE, Poli, B, Polok, J, Pooth, O, Przybycien, M, Quadt, A, Rabbertz, K, Rembser, C, Renkel, P, Roney, JM, Rosati, S, Rozen, Y, Runge, K, Sachs, K, Saeki, T, Sarkisyan, EKG, Schaile, AD, Schaile, O, Scharff-Hansen, P, Schieck, J, Schörner-Sadenius, T, Schröder, M, Schumacher, M, Schwick, C, Scott, WG, Seuster, R, Shears, TG, Shen, BC, Sherwood, P, Siroli, G, Skuja, A, Smith, AM, Sobie, R, Söldner-Rembold, S, Spano, F, Stahl, A, Stephens, K, Strom, D, Ströhmer, R, Tarem, S, Tasevsky, M, Taylor, RJ, Teuscher, R, Thomson, MA, Torrence, E, Toya, D, Tran, P, Trigger, I, Trócsányi, Z, Tsur, E, Turner-Watson, MF, Ueda, I, Ujvári, B, Vollmer, CF, Vannerem, P, Vértesi, R, Verzocchi, M, Voss, H, Vossebeld, J, Waller, D, Ward, CP, Ward, DR, Watkins, PM, Watson, AT, Watson, NK, Wells, PS, Wengler, T, Wermes, N, Wetterling, D, Wilson, GW, Wilson, JA, Wolf, G, Wyatt, TR, Yamashita, S, Zer-Zion, D & Zivkovic, L 2003, 'Measurement of heavy quark forward-backward asymmetries and average B mixing using leptons in hadronic Z decays', Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics, vol. 577, no. 1-2, pp. 18-36. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physletb.2003.10.022
Abbiendi, G. ; Ainsley, C. ; Åkesson, P. F. ; Alexander, G. ; Allison, J. ; Amaral, P. ; Anagnostou, G. ; Anderson, K. J. ; Arcelli, S. ; Asai, S. ; Axen, D. ; Azuelos, G. ; Bailey, I. ; Barberio, E. ; Barlow, R. J. ; Batley, R. J. ; Bechtle, P. ; Behnke, T. ; Bell, K. W. ; Bell, P. J. ; Bella, G. ; Bellerive, A. ; Benelli, G. ; Bethke, S. ; Biebel, O. ; Boeriu, O. ; Bock, P. ; Boutemeur, M. ; Braibant, S. ; Brigliadori, L. ; Brown, R. M. ; Buesser, K. ; Burckhart, H. J. ; Campana, S. ; Carnegie, R. K. ; Caron, B. ; Carter, A. A. ; Carter, J. R. ; Chang, C. Y. ; Charlton, D. G. ; Csilling, A. ; Cuffiani, M. ; Dado, S. ; De Roeck, A. ; De Wolf, E. A. ; Desch, K. ; Dienes, B. ; Donkers, M. ; Dubbert, J. ; Duchovni, E. ; Duckeck, G. ; Duerdoth, I. P. ; Etzion, E. ; Fabbri, F. ; Feld, L. ; Ferrari, P. ; Fiedler, F. ; Fleck, I. ; Ford, M. ; Frey, A. ; Fürtjes, A. ; Gagnon, P. ; Gary, J. W. ; Gaycken, G. ; Geich-Gimbel, C. ; Giacomelli, G. ; Giacomelli, P. ; Giunta, M. ; Goldberg, J. ; Gross, E. ; Grunhaus, J. ; Gruwé, M. ; Günther, P. O. ; Gupta, A. ; Hajdu, C. ; Hamann, M. ; Hanson, G. G. ; Harder, K. ; Harel, A. ; Harin-Dirac, M. ; Hauschild, M. ; Hawkes, C. M. ; Hawkings, R. ; Hemingway, R. J. ; Hensel, C. ; Herten, G. ; Heuer, R. D. ; Hill, J. C. ; Hoffman, K. ; Horváth, D. ; Igo-Kemenes, P. ; Ishii, K. ; Jeremie, H. ; Jovanovic, P. ; Junk, T. R. ; Kanaya, N. ; Kanzaki, J. ; Karapetian, G. ; Karlen, D. ; Kawagoe, K. ; Kawamoto, T. ; Keeler, R. K. ; Kellogg, R. G. ; Kennedy, B. W. ; Kim, D. H. ; Klein, K. ; Klier, A. ; Kluth, S. ; Kobayashi, T. ; Kobel, M. ; Komamiya, Sachio ; Kormos, L. ; Krämer, T. ; Krieger, P. ; von Krogh, J. ; Kruger, K. ; Kuhl, T. ; Kupper, M. ; Lafferty, G. D. ; Landsman, H. ; Lanske, D. ; Layter, J. G. ; Leins, A. ; Lellouch, D. ; Letts, J. ; Levinson, L. ; Lillich, J. ; Lloyd, S. L. ; Loebinger, F. K. ; Lu, J. ; Ludwig, J. ; Macpherson, A. ; Mader, W. ; Marcellini, S. ; Martin, A. J. ; Masetti, G. ; Mashimo, T. ; Mättig, P. ; McDonald, W. J. ; McKenna, J. ; McMahon, T. J. ; McPherson, R. A. ; Meijers, F. ; Menges, W. ; Merritt, F. S. ; Mes, H. ; Michelini, A. ; Mihara, S. ; Mikenberg, G. ; Miller, D. J. ; Moed, S. ; Mohr, W. ; Mori, T. ; Mutter, A. ; Nagai, K. ; Nakamura, I. ; Nanjo, H. ; Neal, H. A. ; Nisius, R. ; O'Neale, S. W. ; Oh, A. ; Okpara, A. ; Oreglia, M. J. ; Orito, S. ; Pahl, C. ; Pásztor, G. ; Pater, J. R. ; Patrick, G. N. ; Pilcher, J. E. ; Pinfold, J. ; Plane, D. E. ; Poli, B. ; Polok, J. ; Pooth, O. ; Przybycien, M. ; Quadt, A. ; Rabbertz, K. ; Rembser, C. ; Renkel, P. ; Roney, J. M. ; Rosati, S. ; Rozen, Y. ; Runge, K. ; Sachs, K. ; Saeki, T. ; Sarkisyan, E. K.G. ; Schaile, A. D. ; Schaile, O. ; Scharff-Hansen, P. ; Schieck, J. ; Schörner-Sadenius, T. ; Schröder, M. ; Schumacher, M. ; Schwick, C. ; Scott, W. G. ; Seuster, R. ; Shears, T. G. ; Shen, B. C. ; Sherwood, P. ; Siroli, G. ; Skuja, A. ; Smith, A. M. ; Sobie, R. ; Söldner-Rembold, S. ; Spano, F. ; Stahl, A. ; Stephens, K. ; Strom, D. ; Ströhmer, R. ; Tarem, S. ; Tasevsky, M. ; Taylor, R. J. ; Teuscher, R. ; Thomson, M. A. ; Torrence, E. ; Toya, D. ; Tran, P. ; Trigger, I. ; Trócsányi, Z. ; Tsur, E. ; Turner-Watson, M. F. ; Ueda, I. ; Ujvári, B. ; Vollmer, C. F. ; Vannerem, P. ; Vértesi, R. ; Verzocchi, M. ; Voss, H. ; Vossebeld, J. ; Waller, D. ; Ward, C. P. ; Ward, D. R. ; Watkins, P. M. ; Watson, A. T. ; Watson, N. K. ; Wells, P. S. ; Wengler, T. ; Wermes, N. ; Wetterling, D. ; Wilson, G. W. ; Wilson, J. A. ; Wolf, G. ; Wyatt, T. R. ; Yamashita, S. ; Zer-Zion, D. ; Zivkovic, L. / Measurement of heavy quark forward-backward asymmetries and average B mixing using leptons in hadronic Z decays. In: Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics. 2003 ; Vol. 577, No. 1-2. pp. 18-36.
@article{eebf9cf37d2e4a909ab70a0124a66e69,
title = "Measurement of heavy quark forward-backward asymmetries and average B mixing using leptons in hadronic Z decays",
abstract = "A measurement of the forward-backward asymmetries of e+e - → bb̄ and e+e- → cc̄ events using electrons and muons produced in semileptonic decays of bottom and charm hadrons is presented. The outputs of two neural networks designed to identify b → ℓ- and c → ℓ+ decays are used in a maximum likelihood fit to a sample of events containing one or two identified leptons. The b and c quark forward-backward asymmetries at three centre-of-mass energies √s and the average B mixing parameter χ are determined simultaneously in the fit. Using all data collected by OPAL near the Z resonance, the asymmetries are measured to be: AFB bb̄ = (4.7 ± 1.8 ± 0.1){\%}, AFB cc̄ = (-6.8 ± 0.9){\%} at 〈√s〉 = 89.51 GeV, AFB bb̄ = (9.72 ± 0.42 ± 0.15){\%}, A FB cc̄ = (5.68 ± 0.54 ± 0.39){\%} at 〈√s〉 = 91.25 GeV, AFB bb̄ = (10.3 ± 1.5 ± 0.2){\%}, AFB cc̄ = (14.6 ± 2.0 ± 0.8){\%} at 〈√s〉 = 92.95 GeV. For the average B mixing parameter, a value of: χ = (13.12 ± 0.49 ± 0.42){\%} is obtained. In each case the first uncertainty is statistical and the second systematic. These results are combined with other OPAL measurements of the b and c forward-backward asymmetries, and used to derive a value for the effective electroweak mixing angle for leptons sin2θ eff ℓ of 0.23238 ± 0.00052.",
author = "G. Abbiendi and C. Ainsley and {\AA}kesson, {P. F.} and G. Alexander and J. Allison and P. Amaral and G. Anagnostou and Anderson, {K. J.} and S. Arcelli and S. Asai and D. Axen and G. Azuelos and I. Bailey and E. Barberio and Barlow, {R. J.} and Batley, {R. J.} and P. Bechtle and T. Behnke and Bell, {K. W.} and Bell, {P. J.} and G. Bella and A. Bellerive and G. Benelli and S. Bethke and O. Biebel and O. Boeriu and P. Bock and M. Boutemeur and S. Braibant and L. Brigliadori and Brown, {R. M.} and K. Buesser and Burckhart, {H. J.} and S. Campana and Carnegie, {R. K.} and B. Caron and Carter, {A. A.} and Carter, {J. R.} and Chang, {C. Y.} and Charlton, {D. G.} and A. Csilling and M. Cuffiani and S. Dado and {De Roeck}, A. and {De Wolf}, {E. A.} and K. Desch and B. Dienes and M. Donkers and J. Dubbert and E. Duchovni and G. Duckeck and Duerdoth, {I. P.} and E. Etzion and F. Fabbri and L. Feld and P. Ferrari and F. Fiedler and I. Fleck and M. Ford and A. Frey and A. F{\"u}rtjes and P. Gagnon and Gary, {J. W.} and G. Gaycken and C. Geich-Gimbel and G. Giacomelli and P. Giacomelli and M. Giunta and J. Goldberg and E. Gross and J. Grunhaus and M. Gruw{\'e} and G{\"u}nther, {P. O.} and A. Gupta and C. Hajdu and M. Hamann and Hanson, {G. G.} and K. Harder and A. Harel and M. Harin-Dirac and M. Hauschild and Hawkes, {C. M.} and R. Hawkings and Hemingway, {R. J.} and C. Hensel and G. Herten and Heuer, {R. D.} and Hill, {J. C.} and K. Hoffman and D. Horv{\'a}th and P. Igo-Kemenes and K. Ishii and H. Jeremie and P. Jovanovic and Junk, {T. R.} and N. Kanaya and J. Kanzaki and G. Karapetian and D. Karlen and K. Kawagoe and T. Kawamoto and Keeler, {R. K.} and Kellogg, {R. G.} and Kennedy, {B. W.} and Kim, {D. H.} and K. Klein and A. Klier and S. Kluth and T. Kobayashi and M. Kobel and Sachio Komamiya and L. Kormos and T. Kr{\"a}mer and P. Krieger and {von Krogh}, J. and K. Kruger and T. Kuhl and M. Kupper and Lafferty, {G. D.} and H. Landsman and D. Lanske and Layter, {J. G.} and A. Leins and D. Lellouch and J. Letts and L. Levinson and J. Lillich and Lloyd, {S. L.} and Loebinger, {F. K.} and J. Lu and J. Ludwig and A. Macpherson and W. Mader and S. Marcellini and Martin, {A. J.} and G. Masetti and T. Mashimo and P. M{\"a}ttig and McDonald, {W. J.} and J. McKenna and McMahon, {T. J.} and McPherson, {R. A.} and F. Meijers and W. Menges and Merritt, {F. S.} and H. Mes and A. Michelini and S. Mihara and G. Mikenberg and Miller, {D. J.} and S. Moed and W. Mohr and T. Mori and A. Mutter and K. Nagai and I. Nakamura and H. Nanjo and Neal, {H. A.} and R. Nisius and O'Neale, {S. W.} and A. Oh and A. Okpara and Oreglia, {M. J.} and S. Orito and C. Pahl and G. P{\'a}sztor and Pater, {J. R.} and Patrick, {G. N.} and Pilcher, {J. E.} and J. Pinfold and Plane, {D. E.} and B. Poli and J. Polok and O. Pooth and M. Przybycien and A. Quadt and K. Rabbertz and C. Rembser and P. Renkel and Roney, {J. M.} and S. Rosati and Y. Rozen and K. Runge and K. Sachs and T. Saeki and Sarkisyan, {E. K.G.} and Schaile, {A. D.} and O. Schaile and P. Scharff-Hansen and J. Schieck and T. Sch{\"o}rner-Sadenius and M. Schr{\"o}der and M. Schumacher and C. Schwick and Scott, {W. G.} and R. Seuster and Shears, {T. G.} and Shen, {B. C.} and P. Sherwood and G. Siroli and A. Skuja and Smith, {A. M.} and R. Sobie and S. S{\"o}ldner-Rembold and F. Spano and A. Stahl and K. Stephens and D. Strom and R. Str{\"o}hmer and S. Tarem and M. Tasevsky and Taylor, {R. J.} and R. Teuscher and Thomson, {M. A.} and E. Torrence and D. Toya and P. Tran and I. Trigger and Z. Tr{\'o}cs{\'a}nyi and E. Tsur and Turner-Watson, {M. F.} and I. Ueda and B. Ujv{\'a}ri and Vollmer, {C. F.} and P. Vannerem and R. V{\'e}rtesi and M. Verzocchi and H. Voss and J. Vossebeld and D. Waller and Ward, {C. P.} and Ward, {D. R.} and Watkins, {P. M.} and Watson, {A. T.} and Watson, {N. K.} and Wells, {P. S.} and T. Wengler and N. Wermes and D. Wetterling and Wilson, {G. W.} and Wilson, {J. A.} and G. Wolf and Wyatt, {T. R.} and S. Yamashita and D. Zer-Zion and L. Zivkovic",
year = "2003",
month = "12",
day = "18",
doi = "10.1016/j.physletb.2003.10.022",
language = "English",
volume = "577",
pages = "18--36",
journal = "Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics",
issn = "0370-2693",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1-2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Measurement of heavy quark forward-backward asymmetries and average B mixing using leptons in hadronic Z decays

AU - Abbiendi, G.

AU - Ainsley, C.

AU - Åkesson, P. F.

AU - Alexander, G.

AU - Allison, J.

AU - Amaral, P.

AU - Anagnostou, G.

AU - Anderson, K. J.

AU - Arcelli, S.

AU - Asai, S.

AU - Axen, D.

AU - Azuelos, G.

AU - Bailey, I.

AU - Barberio, E.

AU - Barlow, R. J.

AU - Batley, R. J.

AU - Bechtle, P.

AU - Behnke, T.

AU - Bell, K. W.

AU - Bell, P. J.

AU - Bella, G.

AU - Bellerive, A.

AU - Benelli, G.

AU - Bethke, S.

AU - Biebel, O.

AU - Boeriu, O.

AU - Bock, P.

AU - Boutemeur, M.

AU - Braibant, S.

AU - Brigliadori, L.

AU - Brown, R. M.

AU - Buesser, K.

AU - Burckhart, H. J.

AU - Campana, S.

AU - Carnegie, R. K.

AU - Caron, B.

AU - Carter, A. A.

AU - Carter, J. R.

AU - Chang, C. Y.

AU - Charlton, D. G.

AU - Csilling, A.

AU - Cuffiani, M.

AU - Dado, S.

AU - De Roeck, A.

AU - De Wolf, E. A.

AU - Desch, K.

AU - Dienes, B.

AU - Donkers, M.

AU - Dubbert, J.

AU - Duchovni, E.

AU - Duckeck, G.

AU - Duerdoth, I. P.

AU - Etzion, E.

AU - Fabbri, F.

AU - Feld, L.

AU - Ferrari, P.

AU - Fiedler, F.

AU - Fleck, I.

AU - Ford, M.

AU - Frey, A.

AU - Fürtjes, A.

AU - Gagnon, P.

AU - Gary, J. W.

AU - Gaycken, G.

AU - Geich-Gimbel, C.

AU - Giacomelli, G.

AU - Giacomelli, P.

AU - Giunta, M.

AU - Goldberg, J.

AU - Gross, E.

AU - Grunhaus, J.

AU - Gruwé, M.

AU - Günther, P. O.

AU - Gupta, A.

AU - Hajdu, C.

AU - Hamann, M.

AU - Hanson, G. G.

AU - Harder, K.

AU - Harel, A.

AU - Harin-Dirac, M.

AU - Hauschild, M.

AU - Hawkes, C. M.

AU - Hawkings, R.

AU - Hemingway, R. J.

AU - Hensel, C.

AU - Herten, G.

AU - Heuer, R. D.

AU - Hill, J. C.

AU - Hoffman, K.

AU - Horváth, D.

AU - Igo-Kemenes, P.

AU - Ishii, K.

AU - Jeremie, H.

AU - Jovanovic, P.

AU - Junk, T. R.

AU - Kanaya, N.

AU - Kanzaki, J.

AU - Karapetian, G.

AU - Karlen, D.

AU - Kawagoe, K.

AU - Kawamoto, T.

AU - Keeler, R. K.

AU - Kellogg, R. G.

AU - Kennedy, B. W.

AU - Kim, D. H.

AU - Klein, K.

AU - Klier, A.

AU - Kluth, S.

AU - Kobayashi, T.

AU - Kobel, M.

AU - Komamiya, Sachio

AU - Kormos, L.

AU - Krämer, T.

AU - Krieger, P.

AU - von Krogh, J.

AU - Kruger, K.

AU - Kuhl, T.

AU - Kupper, M.

AU - Lafferty, G. D.

AU - Landsman, H.

AU - Lanske, D.

AU - Layter, J. G.

AU - Leins, A.

AU - Lellouch, D.

AU - Letts, J.

AU - Levinson, L.

AU - Lillich, J.

AU - Lloyd, S. L.

AU - Loebinger, F. K.

AU - Lu, J.

AU - Ludwig, J.

AU - Macpherson, A.

AU - Mader, W.

AU - Marcellini, S.

AU - Martin, A. J.

AU - Masetti, G.

AU - Mashimo, T.

AU - Mättig, P.

AU - McDonald, W. J.

AU - McKenna, J.

AU - McMahon, T. J.

AU - McPherson, R. A.

AU - Meijers, F.

AU - Menges, W.

AU - Merritt, F. S.

AU - Mes, H.

AU - Michelini, A.

AU - Mihara, S.

AU - Mikenberg, G.

AU - Miller, D. J.

AU - Moed, S.

AU - Mohr, W.

AU - Mori, T.

AU - Mutter, A.

AU - Nagai, K.

AU - Nakamura, I.

AU - Nanjo, H.

AU - Neal, H. A.

AU - Nisius, R.

AU - O'Neale, S. W.

AU - Oh, A.

AU - Okpara, A.

AU - Oreglia, M. J.

AU - Orito, S.

AU - Pahl, C.

AU - Pásztor, G.

AU - Pater, J. R.

AU - Patrick, G. N.

AU - Pilcher, J. E.

AU - Pinfold, J.

AU - Plane, D. E.

AU - Poli, B.

AU - Polok, J.

AU - Pooth, O.

AU - Przybycien, M.

AU - Quadt, A.

AU - Rabbertz, K.

AU - Rembser, C.

AU - Renkel, P.

AU - Roney, J. M.

AU - Rosati, S.

AU - Rozen, Y.

AU - Runge, K.

AU - Sachs, K.

AU - Saeki, T.

AU - Sarkisyan, E. K.G.

AU - Schaile, A. D.

AU - Schaile, O.

AU - Scharff-Hansen, P.

AU - Schieck, J.

AU - Schörner-Sadenius, T.

AU - Schröder, M.

AU - Schumacher, M.

AU - Schwick, C.

AU - Scott, W. G.

AU - Seuster, R.

AU - Shears, T. G.

AU - Shen, B. C.

AU - Sherwood, P.

AU - Siroli, G.

AU - Skuja, A.

AU - Smith, A. M.

AU - Sobie, R.

AU - Söldner-Rembold, S.

AU - Spano, F.

AU - Stahl, A.

AU - Stephens, K.

AU - Strom, D.

AU - Ströhmer, R.

AU - Tarem, S.

AU - Tasevsky, M.

AU - Taylor, R. J.

AU - Teuscher, R.

AU - Thomson, M. A.

AU - Torrence, E.

AU - Toya, D.

AU - Tran, P.

AU - Trigger, I.

AU - Trócsányi, Z.

AU - Tsur, E.

AU - Turner-Watson, M. F.

AU - Ueda, I.

AU - Ujvári, B.

AU - Vollmer, C. F.

AU - Vannerem, P.

AU - Vértesi, R.

AU - Verzocchi, M.

AU - Voss, H.

AU - Vossebeld, J.

AU - Waller, D.

AU - Ward, C. P.

AU - Ward, D. R.

AU - Watkins, P. M.

AU - Watson, A. T.

AU - Watson, N. K.

AU - Wells, P. S.

AU - Wengler, T.

AU - Wermes, N.

AU - Wetterling, D.

AU - Wilson, G. W.

AU - Wilson, J. A.

AU - Wolf, G.

AU - Wyatt, T. R.

AU - Yamashita, S.

AU - Zer-Zion, D.

AU - Zivkovic, L.

PY - 2003/12/18

Y1 - 2003/12/18

N2 - A measurement of the forward-backward asymmetries of e+e - → bb̄ and e+e- → cc̄ events using electrons and muons produced in semileptonic decays of bottom and charm hadrons is presented. The outputs of two neural networks designed to identify b → ℓ- and c → ℓ+ decays are used in a maximum likelihood fit to a sample of events containing one or two identified leptons. The b and c quark forward-backward asymmetries at three centre-of-mass energies √s and the average B mixing parameter χ are determined simultaneously in the fit. Using all data collected by OPAL near the Z resonance, the asymmetries are measured to be: AFB bb̄ = (4.7 ± 1.8 ± 0.1)%, AFB cc̄ = (-6.8 ± 0.9)% at 〈√s〉 = 89.51 GeV, AFB bb̄ = (9.72 ± 0.42 ± 0.15)%, A FB cc̄ = (5.68 ± 0.54 ± 0.39)% at 〈√s〉 = 91.25 GeV, AFB bb̄ = (10.3 ± 1.5 ± 0.2)%, AFB cc̄ = (14.6 ± 2.0 ± 0.8)% at 〈√s〉 = 92.95 GeV. For the average B mixing parameter, a value of: χ = (13.12 ± 0.49 ± 0.42)% is obtained. In each case the first uncertainty is statistical and the second systematic. These results are combined with other OPAL measurements of the b and c forward-backward asymmetries, and used to derive a value for the effective electroweak mixing angle for leptons sin2θ eff ℓ of 0.23238 ± 0.00052.

AB - A measurement of the forward-backward asymmetries of e+e - → bb̄ and e+e- → cc̄ events using electrons and muons produced in semileptonic decays of bottom and charm hadrons is presented. The outputs of two neural networks designed to identify b → ℓ- and c → ℓ+ decays are used in a maximum likelihood fit to a sample of events containing one or two identified leptons. The b and c quark forward-backward asymmetries at three centre-of-mass energies √s and the average B mixing parameter χ are determined simultaneously in the fit. Using all data collected by OPAL near the Z resonance, the asymmetries are measured to be: AFB bb̄ = (4.7 ± 1.8 ± 0.1)%, AFB cc̄ = (-6.8 ± 0.9)% at 〈√s〉 = 89.51 GeV, AFB bb̄ = (9.72 ± 0.42 ± 0.15)%, A FB cc̄ = (5.68 ± 0.54 ± 0.39)% at 〈√s〉 = 91.25 GeV, AFB bb̄ = (10.3 ± 1.5 ± 0.2)%, AFB cc̄ = (14.6 ± 2.0 ± 0.8)% at 〈√s〉 = 92.95 GeV. For the average B mixing parameter, a value of: χ = (13.12 ± 0.49 ± 0.42)% is obtained. In each case the first uncertainty is statistical and the second systematic. These results are combined with other OPAL measurements of the b and c forward-backward asymmetries, and used to derive a value for the effective electroweak mixing angle for leptons sin2θ eff ℓ of 0.23238 ± 0.00052.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0345303718&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0345303718&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.physletb.2003.10.022

DO - 10.1016/j.physletb.2003.10.022

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0345303718

VL - 577

SP - 18

EP - 36

JO - Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics

JF - Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics

SN - 0370-2693

IS - 1-2

ER -