Measurement of the average polarization of b baryons in hadronic Z0 decays

G. Abbiendi, K. Ackerstaff, G. Alexander, J. Allison, N. Altekamp, K. J. Anderson, S. Anderson, S. Arcelli, S. Asai, S. F. Ashby, D. Axen, G. Azuelos, A. H. Ball, E. Barberio, R. J. Barlow, R. Bartoldus, J. R. Batley, S. Baumann, J. Bechtluft, T. Behnke & 300 others K. W. Bell, G. Bella, A. Bellerive, S. Bentvelsen, S. Bethke, S. Betts, O. Biebel, A. Biguzzi, S. D. Bird, V. Blobel, I. J. Bloodworth, M. Bobinski, P. Bock, J. Böhme, D. Bonacorsi, M. Boutemeur, S. Braibant, P. Bright-Thomas, L. Brigliadori, R. M. Brown, H. J. Burckhart, C. Burgard, R. Bürgin, P. Capiluppi, R. K. Carnegie, A. A. Carter, J. R. Carter, C. Y. Chang, D. G. Charlton, D. Chrisman, C. Ciocca, P. E.L. Clarke, E. Clay, I. Cohen, J. E. Conboy, O. C. Cooke, C. Couyoumtzelis, R. L. Coxe, M. Cuffiani, S. Dado, G. M. Dallavalle, R. Davis, S. de Jong, L. A. del Pozo, A. de Roeck, K. Desch, B. Dienes, M. S. Dixit, J. Dubbert, E. Duchovni, G. Duckeck, I. P. Duerdoth, D. Eatough, P. G. Estabrooks, E. Etzion, H. G. Evans, F. Fabbri, M. Fanti, A. A. Faust, F. Fiedler, M. Fierro, I. Fleck, R. Folman, A. Fürtjes, D. I. Futyan, P. Gagnon, J. W. Gary, J. Gascon, S. M. Gascon-Shotkin, G. Gaycken, C. Geich-Gimbel, G. Giacomelli, P. Giacomelli, V. Gibson, W. R. Gibson, D. M. Gingrich, D. Glenzinski, J. Goldberg, W. Gorn, C. Grandi, E. Gross, J. Grunhaus, M. Gruwé, G. G. Hanson, M. Hansroul, M. Hapke, K. Harder, C. K. Hargrove, C. Hartmann, M. Hauschild, C. M. Hawkes, R. Hawkings, R. J. Hemingway, M. Herndon, G. Herten, R. D. Heuer, M. D. Hildreth, J. C. Hill, S. J. Hillier, P. R. Hobson, A. Hocker, R. J. Homer, A. K. Honma, D. Horváth, K. R. Hossain, R. Howard, P. Hüntemeyer, P. Igo-Kemenes, D. C. Imrie, K. Ishii, F. R. Jacob, A. Jawahery, H. Jeremie, M. Jimack, C. R. Jones, P. Jovanovic, T. R. Junk, D. Karlen, V. Kartvelishvili, K. Kawagoe, T. Kawamoto, P. I. Kayal, R. K. Keeler, R. G. Kellogg, B. W. Kennedy, A. Klier, S. Kluth, T. Kobayashi, M. Kobel, D. S. Koetke, T. P. Kokott, M. Kolrep, Sachio Komamiya, R. V. Kowalewski, T. Kress, P. Krieger, J. von Krogh, T. Kuhl, P. Kyberd, G. D. Lafferty, D. Lanske, J. Lauber, S. R. Lautenschlager, I. Lawson, J. G. Layter, D. Lazic, A. M. Lee, D. Lellouch, J. Letts, L. Levinson, R. Liebisch, B. List, C. Littlewood, A. W. Lloyd, S. L. Lloyd, F. K. Loebinger, G. D. Long, M. J. Losty, J. Ludwig, D. Liu, A. Macchiolo, A. Macpherson, W. Mader, M. Mannelli, S. Marcellini, C. Markopoulos, A. J. Martin, J. P. Martin, G. Martinez, T. Mashimo, P. Mättig, W. J. McDonald, J. McKenna, E. A. Mckigney, T. J. McMahon, R. A. McPherson, F. Meijers, S. Menke, F. S. Merritt, H. Mes, J. Meyer, A. Michelini, S. Mihara, G. Mikenberg, D. J. Miller, R. Mir, W. Mohr, A. Montanari, T. Mori, K. Nagai, I. Nakamura, H. A. Neal, B. Nellen, R. Nisius, S. W. O'Neale, F. G. Oakham, F. Odorici, H. O. Ogren, M. J. Oreglia, S. Orito, J. Pálinkás, G. Pásztor, J. R. Pater, G. N. Patrick, J. Patt, R. Perez-Ochoa, S. Petzold, P. Pfeifenschneider, J. E. Pilcher, J. Pinfold, D. E. Plane, P. Poffenberger, J. Polok, M. Przybycień, C. Rembser, H. Rick, S. Robertson, S. A. Robins, N. Rodning, J. M. Roney, K. Roscoe, A. M. Rossi, Y. Rozen, K. Runge, O. Runolfsson, D. R. Rust, K. Sachs, T. Saeki, O. Sahr, W. M. Sang, E. K.G. Sarkisyan, C. Sbarra, A. D. Schaile, O. Schaile, F. Scharf, P. Scharff-Hansen, J. Schieck, B. Schmitt, S. Schmitt, A. Schöning, M. Schröder, M. Schumacher, C. Schwick, W. G. Scott, R. Seuster, T. G. Shears, B. C. Shen, C. H. Shepherd-Themistocleous, P. Sherwood, G. P. Siroli, A. Sittler, A. Skuja, A. M. Smith, G. A. Snow, R. Sobie, S. Söldner-Rembold, M. Sproston, A. Stahl, K. Stephens, J. Steuerer, K. Stoll, D. Strom, R. Ströhmer, B. Surrow, S. D. Talbot, S. Tanaka, P. Taras, S. Tarem, R. Teuscher, M. Thiergen, M. A. Thomson, E. von Törne, E. Torrence, S. Towers, I. Trigger, Z. Trócsányi, E. Tsur, A. S. Turcot, M. F. Turner-Watson, R. van Kooten, P. Vannerem, M. Verzocchi, H. Voss, F. Wäckerle, A. Wagner, C. P. Ward, D. R. Ward, P. M. Watkins, A. T. Watson, N. K. Watson, P. S. Wells, N. Wermes, J. S. White, G. W. Wilson, J. A. Wilson, T. R. Wyatt, S. Yamashita, G. Yekutieli, V. Zacek, D. Zer-Zion

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the Standard Model, b quarks produced in e+e- annihilation at the Z0 peak have a large average longitudinal polarization of -0.94. Some fraction of this polarization is expected to be transferred to b-flavored baryons during hadronization. The average longitudinal polarization of weakly decaying b baryons, 〈PΛb L〉, is measured in approximately 4.3 million hadronic Z0 decays collected with the OPAL detector between 1990 and 1995 at LEP. Those b baryons that decay semileptonically and produce a Λ baryon are identified through the correlation of the baryon number of the Λ and the electric charge of the lepton. In this semileptonic decay, the ratio of the neutrino energy to the lepton energy is a sensitive polarization observable. The neutrino energy is estimated using missing energy measurements. From a fit to the distribution of this ratio, the value 〈PΛb L〉 = -0.56+0.20 -0.13 ± 0.09 is obtained, where the first error is statistical and the second systematic.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)539-554
Number of pages16
JournalPhysics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics
Volume444
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Dec 24
Externally publishedYes

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baryons
decay
polarization
leptons
neutrinos
energy
electric charge
quarks
detectors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

Abbiendi, G., Ackerstaff, K., Alexander, G., Allison, J., Altekamp, N., Anderson, K. J., ... Zer-Zion, D. (1998). Measurement of the average polarization of b baryons in hadronic Z0 decays. Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics, 444(3-4), 539-554. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0370-2693(98)01387-2

Measurement of the average polarization of b baryons in hadronic Z0 decays. / Abbiendi, G.; Ackerstaff, K.; Alexander, G.; Allison, J.; Altekamp, N.; Anderson, K. J.; Anderson, S.; Arcelli, S.; Asai, S.; Ashby, S. F.; Axen, D.; Azuelos, G.; Ball, A. H.; Barberio, E.; Barlow, R. J.; Bartoldus, R.; Batley, J. R.; Baumann, S.; Bechtluft, J.; Behnke, T.; Bell, K. W.; Bella, G.; Bellerive, A.; Bentvelsen, S.; Bethke, S.; Betts, S.; Biebel, O.; Biguzzi, A.; Bird, S. D.; Blobel, V.; Bloodworth, I. J.; Bobinski, M.; Bock, P.; Böhme, J.; Bonacorsi, D.; Boutemeur, M.; Braibant, S.; Bright-Thomas, P.; Brigliadori, L.; Brown, R. M.; Burckhart, H. J.; Burgard, C.; Bürgin, R.; Capiluppi, P.; Carnegie, R. K.; Carter, A. A.; Carter, J. R.; Chang, C. Y.; Charlton, D. G.; Chrisman, D.; Ciocca, C.; Clarke, P. E.L.; Clay, E.; Cohen, I.; Conboy, J. E.; Cooke, O. C.; Couyoumtzelis, C.; Coxe, R. L.; Cuffiani, M.; Dado, S.; Dallavalle, G. M.; Davis, R.; de Jong, S.; del Pozo, L. A.; de Roeck, A.; Desch, K.; Dienes, B.; Dixit, M. S.; Dubbert, J.; Duchovni, E.; Duckeck, G.; Duerdoth, I. P.; Eatough, D.; Estabrooks, P. G.; Etzion, E.; Evans, H. G.; Fabbri, F.; Fanti, M.; Faust, A. A.; Fiedler, F.; Fierro, M.; Fleck, I.; Folman, R.; Fürtjes, A.; Futyan, D. I.; Gagnon, P.; Gary, J. W.; Gascon, J.; Gascon-Shotkin, S. M.; Gaycken, G.; Geich-Gimbel, C.; Giacomelli, G.; Giacomelli, P.; Gibson, V.; Gibson, W. R.; Gingrich, D. M.; Glenzinski, D.; Goldberg, J.; Gorn, W.; Grandi, C.; Gross, E.; Grunhaus, J.; Gruwé, M.; Hanson, G. G.; Hansroul, M.; Hapke, M.; Harder, K.; Hargrove, C. K.; Hartmann, C.; Hauschild, M.; Hawkes, C. M.; Hawkings, R.; Hemingway, R. J.; Herndon, M.; Herten, G.; Heuer, R. D.; Hildreth, M. D.; Hill, J. C.; Hillier, S. J.; Hobson, P. R.; Hocker, A.; Homer, R. J.; Honma, A. K.; Horváth, D.; Hossain, K. R.; Howard, R.; Hüntemeyer, P.; Igo-Kemenes, P.; Imrie, D. C.; Ishii, K.; Jacob, F. R.; Jawahery, A.; Jeremie, H.; Jimack, M.; Jones, C. R.; Jovanovic, P.; Junk, T. R.; Karlen, D.; Kartvelishvili, V.; Kawagoe, K.; Kawamoto, T.; Kayal, P. I.; Keeler, R. K.; Kellogg, R. G.; Kennedy, B. W.; Klier, A.; Kluth, S.; Kobayashi, T.; Kobel, M.; Koetke, D. S.; Kokott, T. P.; Kolrep, M.; Komamiya, Sachio; Kowalewski, R. V.; Kress, T.; Krieger, P.; von Krogh, J.; Kuhl, T.; Kyberd, P.; Lafferty, G. D.; Lanske, D.; Lauber, J.; Lautenschlager, S. R.; Lawson, I.; Layter, J. G.; Lazic, D.; Lee, A. M.; Lellouch, D.; Letts, J.; Levinson, L.; Liebisch, R.; List, B.; Littlewood, C.; Lloyd, A. W.; Lloyd, S. L.; Loebinger, F. K.; Long, G. D.; Losty, M. J.; Ludwig, J.; Liu, D.; Macchiolo, A.; Macpherson, A.; Mader, W.; Mannelli, M.; Marcellini, S.; Markopoulos, C.; Martin, A. J.; Martin, J. P.; Martinez, G.; Mashimo, T.; Mättig, P.; McDonald, W. J.; McKenna, J.; Mckigney, E. A.; McMahon, T. J.; McPherson, R. A.; Meijers, F.; Menke, S.; Merritt, F. S.; Mes, H.; Meyer, J.; Michelini, A.; Mihara, S.; Mikenberg, G.; Miller, D. J.; Mir, R.; Mohr, W.; Montanari, A.; Mori, T.; Nagai, K.; Nakamura, I.; Neal, H. A.; Nellen, B.; Nisius, R.; O'Neale, S. W.; Oakham, F. G.; Odorici, F.; Ogren, H. O.; Oreglia, M. J.; Orito, S.; Pálinkás, J.; Pásztor, G.; Pater, J. R.; Patrick, G. N.; Patt, J.; Perez-Ochoa, R.; Petzold, S.; Pfeifenschneider, P.; Pilcher, J. E.; Pinfold, J.; Plane, D. E.; Poffenberger, P.; Polok, J.; Przybycień, M.; Rembser, C.; Rick, H.; Robertson, S.; Robins, S. A.; Rodning, N.; Roney, J. M.; Roscoe, K.; Rossi, A. M.; Rozen, Y.; Runge, K.; Runolfsson, O.; Rust, D. R.; Sachs, K.; Saeki, T.; Sahr, O.; Sang, W. M.; Sarkisyan, E. K.G.; Sbarra, C.; Schaile, A. D.; Schaile, O.; Scharf, F.; Scharff-Hansen, P.; Schieck, J.; Schmitt, B.; Schmitt, S.; Schöning, A.; Schröder, M.; Schumacher, M.; Schwick, C.; Scott, W. G.; Seuster, R.; Shears, T. G.; Shen, B. C.; Shepherd-Themistocleous, C. H.; Sherwood, P.; Siroli, G. P.; Sittler, A.; Skuja, A.; Smith, A. M.; Snow, G. A.; Sobie, R.; Söldner-Rembold, S.; Sproston, M.; Stahl, A.; Stephens, K.; Steuerer, J.; Stoll, K.; Strom, D.; Ströhmer, R.; Surrow, B.; Talbot, S. D.; Tanaka, S.; Taras, P.; Tarem, S.; Teuscher, R.; Thiergen, M.; Thomson, M. A.; von Törne, E.; Torrence, E.; Towers, S.; Trigger, I.; Trócsányi, Z.; Tsur, E.; Turcot, A. S.; Turner-Watson, M. F.; van Kooten, R.; Vannerem, P.; Verzocchi, M.; Voss, H.; Wäckerle, F.; Wagner, A.; Ward, C. P.; Ward, D. R.; Watkins, P. M.; Watson, A. T.; Watson, N. K.; Wells, P. S.; Wermes, N.; White, J. S.; Wilson, G. W.; Wilson, J. A.; Wyatt, T. R.; Yamashita, S.; Yekutieli, G.; Zacek, V.; Zer-Zion, D.

In: Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics, Vol. 444, No. 3-4, 24.12.1998, p. 539-554.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abbiendi, G, Ackerstaff, K, Alexander, G, Allison, J, Altekamp, N, Anderson, KJ, Anderson, S, Arcelli, S, Asai, S, Ashby, SF, Axen, D, Azuelos, G, Ball, AH, Barberio, E, Barlow, RJ, Bartoldus, R, Batley, JR, Baumann, S, Bechtluft, J, Behnke, T, Bell, KW, Bella, G, Bellerive, A, Bentvelsen, S, Bethke, S, Betts, S, Biebel, O, Biguzzi, A, Bird, SD, Blobel, V, Bloodworth, IJ, Bobinski, M, Bock, P, Böhme, J, Bonacorsi, D, Boutemeur, M, Braibant, S, Bright-Thomas, P, Brigliadori, L, Brown, RM, Burckhart, HJ, Burgard, C, Bürgin, R, Capiluppi, P, Carnegie, RK, Carter, AA, Carter, JR, Chang, CY, Charlton, DG, Chrisman, D, Ciocca, C, Clarke, PEL, Clay, E, Cohen, I, Conboy, JE, Cooke, OC, Couyoumtzelis, C, Coxe, RL, Cuffiani, M, Dado, S, Dallavalle, GM, Davis, R, de Jong, S, del Pozo, LA, de Roeck, A, Desch, K, Dienes, B, Dixit, MS, Dubbert, J, Duchovni, E, Duckeck, G, Duerdoth, IP, Eatough, D, Estabrooks, PG, Etzion, E, Evans, HG, Fabbri, F, Fanti, M, Faust, AA, Fiedler, F, Fierro, M, Fleck, I, Folman, R, Fürtjes, A, Futyan, DI, Gagnon, P, Gary, JW, Gascon, J, Gascon-Shotkin, SM, Gaycken, G, Geich-Gimbel, C, Giacomelli, G, Giacomelli, P, Gibson, V, Gibson, WR, Gingrich, DM, Glenzinski, D, Goldberg, J, Gorn, W, Grandi, C, Gross, E, Grunhaus, J, Gruwé, M, Hanson, GG, Hansroul, M, Hapke, M, Harder, K, Hargrove, CK, Hartmann, C, Hauschild, M, Hawkes, CM, Hawkings, R, Hemingway, RJ, Herndon, M, Herten, G, Heuer, RD, Hildreth, MD, Hill, JC, Hillier, SJ, Hobson, PR, Hocker, A, Homer, RJ, Honma, AK, Horváth, D, Hossain, KR, Howard, R, Hüntemeyer, P, Igo-Kemenes, P, Imrie, DC, Ishii, K, Jacob, FR, Jawahery, A, Jeremie, H, Jimack, M, Jones, CR, Jovanovic, P, Junk, TR, Karlen, D, Kartvelishvili, V, Kawagoe, K, Kawamoto, T, Kayal, PI, Keeler, RK, Kellogg, RG, Kennedy, BW, Klier, A, Kluth, S, Kobayashi, T, Kobel, M, Koetke, DS, Kokott, TP, Kolrep, M, Komamiya, S, Kowalewski, RV, Kress, T, Krieger, P, von Krogh, J, Kuhl, T, Kyberd, P, Lafferty, GD, Lanske, D, Lauber, J, Lautenschlager, SR, Lawson, I, Layter, JG, Lazic, D, Lee, AM, Lellouch, D, Letts, J, Levinson, L, Liebisch, R, List, B, Littlewood, C, Lloyd, AW, Lloyd, SL, Loebinger, FK, Long, GD, Losty, MJ, Ludwig, J, Liu, D, Macchiolo, A, Macpherson, A, Mader, W, Mannelli, M, Marcellini, S, Markopoulos, C, Martin, AJ, Martin, JP, Martinez, G, Mashimo, T, Mättig, P, McDonald, WJ, McKenna, J, Mckigney, EA, McMahon, TJ, McPherson, RA, Meijers, F, Menke, S, Merritt, FS, Mes, H, Meyer, J, Michelini, A, Mihara, S, Mikenberg, G, Miller, DJ, Mir, R, Mohr, W, Montanari, A, Mori, T, Nagai, K, Nakamura, I, Neal, HA, Nellen, B, Nisius, R, O'Neale, SW, Oakham, FG, Odorici, F, Ogren, HO, Oreglia, MJ, Orito, S, Pálinkás, J, Pásztor, G, Pater, JR, Patrick, GN, Patt, J, Perez-Ochoa, R, Petzold, S, Pfeifenschneider, P, Pilcher, JE, Pinfold, J, Plane, DE, Poffenberger, P, Polok, J, Przybycień, M, Rembser, C, Rick, H, Robertson, S, Robins, SA, Rodning, N, Roney, JM, Roscoe, K, Rossi, AM, Rozen, Y, Runge, K, Runolfsson, O, Rust, DR, Sachs, K, Saeki, T, Sahr, O, Sang, WM, Sarkisyan, EKG, Sbarra, C, Schaile, AD, Schaile, O, Scharf, F, Scharff-Hansen, P, Schieck, J, Schmitt, B, Schmitt, S, Schöning, A, Schröder, M, Schumacher, M, Schwick, C, Scott, WG, Seuster, R, Shears, TG, Shen, BC, Shepherd-Themistocleous, CH, Sherwood, P, Siroli, GP, Sittler, A, Skuja, A, Smith, AM, Snow, GA, Sobie, R, Söldner-Rembold, S, Sproston, M, Stahl, A, Stephens, K, Steuerer, J, Stoll, K, Strom, D, Ströhmer, R, Surrow, B, Talbot, SD, Tanaka, S, Taras, P, Tarem, S, Teuscher, R, Thiergen, M, Thomson, MA, von Törne, E, Torrence, E, Towers, S, Trigger, I, Trócsányi, Z, Tsur, E, Turcot, AS, Turner-Watson, MF, van Kooten, R, Vannerem, P, Verzocchi, M, Voss, H, Wäckerle, F, Wagner, A, Ward, CP, Ward, DR, Watkins, PM, Watson, AT, Watson, NK, Wells, PS, Wermes, N, White, JS, Wilson, GW, Wilson, JA, Wyatt, TR, Yamashita, S, Yekutieli, G, Zacek, V & Zer-Zion, D 1998, 'Measurement of the average polarization of b baryons in hadronic Z0 decays', Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics, vol. 444, no. 3-4, pp. 539-554. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0370-2693(98)01387-2
Abbiendi, G. ; Ackerstaff, K. ; Alexander, G. ; Allison, J. ; Altekamp, N. ; Anderson, K. J. ; Anderson, S. ; Arcelli, S. ; Asai, S. ; Ashby, S. F. ; Axen, D. ; Azuelos, G. ; Ball, A. H. ; Barberio, E. ; Barlow, R. J. ; Bartoldus, R. ; Batley, J. R. ; Baumann, S. ; Bechtluft, J. ; Behnke, T. ; Bell, K. W. ; Bella, G. ; Bellerive, A. ; Bentvelsen, S. ; Bethke, S. ; Betts, S. ; Biebel, O. ; Biguzzi, A. ; Bird, S. D. ; Blobel, V. ; Bloodworth, I. J. ; Bobinski, M. ; Bock, P. ; Böhme, J. ; Bonacorsi, D. ; Boutemeur, M. ; Braibant, S. ; Bright-Thomas, P. ; Brigliadori, L. ; Brown, R. M. ; Burckhart, H. J. ; Burgard, C. ; Bürgin, R. ; Capiluppi, P. ; Carnegie, R. K. ; Carter, A. A. ; Carter, J. R. ; Chang, C. Y. ; Charlton, D. G. ; Chrisman, D. ; Ciocca, C. ; Clarke, P. E.L. ; Clay, E. ; Cohen, I. ; Conboy, J. E. ; Cooke, O. C. ; Couyoumtzelis, C. ; Coxe, R. L. ; Cuffiani, M. ; Dado, S. ; Dallavalle, G. M. ; Davis, R. ; de Jong, S. ; del Pozo, L. A. ; de Roeck, A. ; Desch, K. ; Dienes, B. ; Dixit, M. S. ; Dubbert, J. ; Duchovni, E. ; Duckeck, G. ; Duerdoth, I. P. ; Eatough, D. ; Estabrooks, P. G. ; Etzion, E. ; Evans, H. G. ; Fabbri, F. ; Fanti, M. ; Faust, A. A. ; Fiedler, F. ; Fierro, M. ; Fleck, I. ; Folman, R. ; Fürtjes, A. ; Futyan, D. I. ; Gagnon, P. ; Gary, J. W. ; Gascon, J. ; Gascon-Shotkin, S. M. ; Gaycken, G. ; Geich-Gimbel, C. ; Giacomelli, G. ; Giacomelli, P. ; Gibson, V. ; Gibson, W. R. ; Gingrich, D. M. ; Glenzinski, D. ; Goldberg, J. ; Gorn, W. ; Grandi, C. ; Gross, E. ; Grunhaus, J. ; Gruwé, M. ; Hanson, G. G. ; Hansroul, M. ; Hapke, M. ; Harder, K. ; Hargrove, C. K. ; Hartmann, C. ; Hauschild, M. ; Hawkes, C. M. ; Hawkings, R. ; Hemingway, R. J. ; Herndon, M. ; Herten, G. ; Heuer, R. D. ; Hildreth, M. D. ; Hill, J. C. ; Hillier, S. J. ; Hobson, P. R. ; Hocker, A. ; Homer, R. J. ; Honma, A. K. ; Horváth, D. ; Hossain, K. R. ; Howard, R. ; Hüntemeyer, P. ; Igo-Kemenes, P. ; Imrie, D. C. ; Ishii, K. ; Jacob, F. R. ; Jawahery, A. ; Jeremie, H. ; Jimack, M. ; Jones, C. R. ; Jovanovic, P. ; Junk, T. R. ; Karlen, D. ; Kartvelishvili, V. ; Kawagoe, K. ; Kawamoto, T. ; Kayal, P. I. ; Keeler, R. K. ; Kellogg, R. G. ; Kennedy, B. W. ; Klier, A. ; Kluth, S. ; Kobayashi, T. ; Kobel, M. ; Koetke, D. S. ; Kokott, T. P. ; Kolrep, M. ; Komamiya, Sachio ; Kowalewski, R. V. ; Kress, T. ; Krieger, P. ; von Krogh, J. ; Kuhl, T. ; Kyberd, P. ; Lafferty, G. D. ; Lanske, D. ; Lauber, J. ; Lautenschlager, S. R. ; Lawson, I. ; Layter, J. G. ; Lazic, D. ; Lee, A. M. ; Lellouch, D. ; Letts, J. ; Levinson, L. ; Liebisch, R. ; List, B. ; Littlewood, C. ; Lloyd, A. W. ; Lloyd, S. L. ; Loebinger, F. K. ; Long, G. D. ; Losty, M. J. ; Ludwig, J. ; Liu, D. ; Macchiolo, A. ; Macpherson, A. ; Mader, W. ; Mannelli, M. ; Marcellini, S. ; Markopoulos, C. ; Martin, A. J. ; Martin, J. P. ; Martinez, G. ; Mashimo, T. ; Mättig, P. ; McDonald, W. J. ; McKenna, J. ; Mckigney, E. A. ; McMahon, T. J. ; McPherson, R. A. ; Meijers, F. ; Menke, S. ; Merritt, F. S. ; Mes, H. ; Meyer, J. ; Michelini, A. ; Mihara, S. ; Mikenberg, G. ; Miller, D. J. ; Mir, R. ; Mohr, W. ; Montanari, A. ; Mori, T. ; Nagai, K. ; Nakamura, I. ; Neal, H. A. ; Nellen, B. ; Nisius, R. ; O'Neale, S. W. ; Oakham, F. G. ; Odorici, F. ; Ogren, H. O. ; Oreglia, M. J. ; Orito, S. ; Pálinkás, J. ; Pásztor, G. ; Pater, J. R. ; Patrick, G. N. ; Patt, J. ; Perez-Ochoa, R. ; Petzold, S. ; Pfeifenschneider, P. ; Pilcher, J. E. ; Pinfold, J. ; Plane, D. E. ; Poffenberger, P. ; Polok, J. ; Przybycień, M. ; Rembser, C. ; Rick, H. ; Robertson, S. ; Robins, S. A. ; Rodning, N. ; Roney, J. M. ; Roscoe, K. ; Rossi, A. M. ; Rozen, Y. ; Runge, K. ; Runolfsson, O. ; Rust, D. R. ; Sachs, K. ; Saeki, T. ; Sahr, O. ; Sang, W. M. ; Sarkisyan, E. K.G. ; Sbarra, C. ; Schaile, A. D. ; Schaile, O. ; Scharf, F. ; Scharff-Hansen, P. ; Schieck, J. ; Schmitt, B. ; Schmitt, S. ; Schöning, A. ; Schröder, M. ; Schumacher, M. ; Schwick, C. ; Scott, W. G. ; Seuster, R. ; Shears, T. G. ; Shen, B. C. ; Shepherd-Themistocleous, C. H. ; Sherwood, P. ; Siroli, G. P. ; Sittler, A. ; Skuja, A. ; Smith, A. M. ; Snow, G. A. ; Sobie, R. ; Söldner-Rembold, S. ; Sproston, M. ; Stahl, A. ; Stephens, K. ; Steuerer, J. ; Stoll, K. ; Strom, D. ; Ströhmer, R. ; Surrow, B. ; Talbot, S. D. ; Tanaka, S. ; Taras, P. ; Tarem, S. ; Teuscher, R. ; Thiergen, M. ; Thomson, M. A. ; von Törne, E. ; Torrence, E. ; Towers, S. ; Trigger, I. ; Trócsányi, Z. ; Tsur, E. ; Turcot, A. S. ; Turner-Watson, M. F. ; van Kooten, R. ; Vannerem, P. ; Verzocchi, M. ; Voss, H. ; Wäckerle, F. ; Wagner, A. ; Ward, C. P. ; Ward, D. R. ; Watkins, P. M. ; Watson, A. T. ; Watson, N. K. ; Wells, P. S. ; Wermes, N. ; White, J. S. ; Wilson, G. W. ; Wilson, J. A. ; Wyatt, T. R. ; Yamashita, S. ; Yekutieli, G. ; Zacek, V. ; Zer-Zion, D. / Measurement of the average polarization of b baryons in hadronic Z0 decays. In: Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics. 1998 ; Vol. 444, No. 3-4. pp. 539-554.
@article{9d8d2dd1e3bc483fa1aa9be2b76a32d4,
title = "Measurement of the average polarization of b baryons in hadronic Z0 decays",
abstract = "In the Standard Model, b quarks produced in e+e- annihilation at the Z0 peak have a large average longitudinal polarization of -0.94. Some fraction of this polarization is expected to be transferred to b-flavored baryons during hadronization. The average longitudinal polarization of weakly decaying b baryons, 〈PΛb L〉, is measured in approximately 4.3 million hadronic Z0 decays collected with the OPAL detector between 1990 and 1995 at LEP. Those b baryons that decay semileptonically and produce a Λ baryon are identified through the correlation of the baryon number of the Λ and the electric charge of the lepton. In this semileptonic decay, the ratio of the neutrino energy to the lepton energy is a sensitive polarization observable. The neutrino energy is estimated using missing energy measurements. From a fit to the distribution of this ratio, the value 〈PΛb L〉 = -0.56+0.20 -0.13 ± 0.09 is obtained, where the first error is statistical and the second systematic.",
author = "G. Abbiendi and K. Ackerstaff and G. Alexander and J. Allison and N. Altekamp and Anderson, {K. J.} and S. Anderson and S. Arcelli and S. Asai and Ashby, {S. F.} and D. Axen and G. Azuelos and Ball, {A. H.} and E. Barberio and Barlow, {R. J.} and R. Bartoldus and Batley, {J. R.} and S. Baumann and J. Bechtluft and T. Behnke and Bell, {K. W.} and G. Bella and A. Bellerive and S. Bentvelsen and S. Bethke and S. Betts and O. Biebel and A. Biguzzi and Bird, {S. D.} and V. Blobel and Bloodworth, {I. J.} and M. Bobinski and P. Bock and J. B{\"o}hme and D. Bonacorsi and M. Boutemeur and S. Braibant and P. Bright-Thomas and L. Brigliadori and Brown, {R. M.} and Burckhart, {H. J.} and C. Burgard and R. B{\"u}rgin and P. Capiluppi and Carnegie, {R. K.} and Carter, {A. A.} and Carter, {J. R.} and Chang, {C. Y.} and Charlton, {D. G.} and D. Chrisman and C. Ciocca and Clarke, {P. E.L.} and E. Clay and I. Cohen and Conboy, {J. E.} and Cooke, {O. C.} and C. Couyoumtzelis and Coxe, {R. L.} and M. Cuffiani and S. Dado and Dallavalle, {G. M.} and R. Davis and {de Jong}, S. and {del Pozo}, {L. A.} and {de Roeck}, A. and K. Desch and B. Dienes and Dixit, {M. S.} and J. Dubbert and E. Duchovni and G. Duckeck and Duerdoth, {I. P.} and D. Eatough and Estabrooks, {P. G.} and E. Etzion and Evans, {H. G.} and F. Fabbri and M. Fanti and Faust, {A. A.} and F. Fiedler and M. Fierro and I. Fleck and R. Folman and A. F{\"u}rtjes and Futyan, {D. I.} and P. Gagnon and Gary, {J. W.} and J. Gascon and Gascon-Shotkin, {S. M.} and G. Gaycken and C. Geich-Gimbel and G. Giacomelli and P. Giacomelli and V. Gibson and Gibson, {W. R.} and Gingrich, {D. M.} and D. Glenzinski and J. Goldberg and W. Gorn and C. Grandi and E. Gross and J. Grunhaus and M. Gruw{\'e} and Hanson, {G. G.} and M. Hansroul and M. Hapke and K. Harder and Hargrove, {C. K.} and C. Hartmann and M. Hauschild and Hawkes, {C. M.} and R. Hawkings and Hemingway, {R. J.} and M. Herndon and G. Herten and Heuer, {R. D.} and Hildreth, {M. D.} and Hill, {J. C.} and Hillier, {S. J.} and Hobson, {P. R.} and A. Hocker and Homer, {R. J.} and Honma, {A. K.} and D. Horv{\'a}th and Hossain, {K. R.} and R. Howard and P. H{\"u}ntemeyer and P. Igo-Kemenes and Imrie, {D. C.} and K. Ishii and Jacob, {F. R.} and A. Jawahery and H. Jeremie and M. Jimack and Jones, {C. R.} and P. Jovanovic and Junk, {T. R.} and D. Karlen and V. Kartvelishvili and K. Kawagoe and T. Kawamoto and Kayal, {P. I.} and Keeler, {R. K.} and Kellogg, {R. G.} and Kennedy, {B. W.} and A. Klier and S. Kluth and T. Kobayashi and M. Kobel and Koetke, {D. S.} and Kokott, {T. P.} and M. Kolrep and Sachio Komamiya and Kowalewski, {R. V.} and T. Kress and P. Krieger and {von Krogh}, J. and T. Kuhl and P. Kyberd and Lafferty, {G. D.} and D. Lanske and J. Lauber and Lautenschlager, {S. R.} and I. Lawson and Layter, {J. G.} and D. Lazic and Lee, {A. M.} and D. Lellouch and J. Letts and L. Levinson and R. Liebisch and B. List and C. Littlewood and Lloyd, {A. W.} and Lloyd, {S. L.} and Loebinger, {F. K.} and Long, {G. D.} and Losty, {M. J.} and J. Ludwig and D. Liu and A. Macchiolo and A. Macpherson and W. Mader and M. Mannelli and S. Marcellini and C. Markopoulos and Martin, {A. J.} and Martin, {J. P.} and G. Martinez and T. Mashimo and P. M{\"a}ttig and McDonald, {W. J.} and J. McKenna and Mckigney, {E. A.} and McMahon, {T. J.} and McPherson, {R. A.} and F. Meijers and S. Menke and Merritt, {F. S.} and H. Mes and J. Meyer and A. Michelini and S. Mihara and G. Mikenberg and Miller, {D. J.} and R. Mir and W. Mohr and A. Montanari and T. Mori and K. Nagai and I. Nakamura and Neal, {H. A.} and B. Nellen and R. Nisius and O'Neale, {S. W.} and Oakham, {F. G.} and F. Odorici and Ogren, {H. O.} and Oreglia, {M. J.} and S. Orito and J. P{\'a}link{\'a}s and G. P{\'a}sztor and Pater, {J. R.} and Patrick, {G. N.} and J. Patt and R. Perez-Ochoa and S. Petzold and P. Pfeifenschneider and Pilcher, {J. E.} and J. Pinfold and Plane, {D. E.} and P. Poffenberger and J. Polok and M. Przybycień and C. Rembser and H. Rick and S. Robertson and Robins, {S. A.} and N. Rodning and Roney, {J. M.} and K. Roscoe and Rossi, {A. M.} and Y. Rozen and K. Runge and O. Runolfsson and Rust, {D. R.} and K. Sachs and T. Saeki and O. Sahr and Sang, {W. M.} and Sarkisyan, {E. K.G.} and C. Sbarra and Schaile, {A. D.} and O. Schaile and F. Scharf and P. Scharff-Hansen and J. Schieck and B. Schmitt and S. Schmitt and A. Sch{\"o}ning and M. Schr{\"o}der and M. Schumacher and C. Schwick and Scott, {W. G.} and R. Seuster and Shears, {T. G.} and Shen, {B. C.} and Shepherd-Themistocleous, {C. H.} and P. Sherwood and Siroli, {G. P.} and A. Sittler and A. Skuja and Smith, {A. M.} and Snow, {G. A.} and R. Sobie and S. S{\"o}ldner-Rembold and M. Sproston and A. Stahl and K. Stephens and J. Steuerer and K. Stoll and D. Strom and R. Str{\"o}hmer and B. Surrow and Talbot, {S. D.} and S. Tanaka and P. Taras and S. Tarem and R. Teuscher and M. Thiergen and Thomson, {M. A.} and {von T{\"o}rne}, E. and E. Torrence and S. Towers and I. Trigger and Z. Tr{\'o}cs{\'a}nyi and E. Tsur and Turcot, {A. S.} and Turner-Watson, {M. F.} and {van Kooten}, R. and P. Vannerem and M. Verzocchi and H. Voss and F. W{\"a}ckerle and A. Wagner and Ward, {C. P.} and Ward, {D. R.} and Watkins, {P. M.} and Watson, {A. T.} and Watson, {N. K.} and Wells, {P. S.} and N. Wermes and White, {J. S.} and Wilson, {G. W.} and Wilson, {J. A.} and Wyatt, {T. R.} and S. Yamashita and G. Yekutieli and V. Zacek and D. Zer-Zion",
year = "1998",
month = "12",
day = "24",
doi = "10.1016/S0370-2693(98)01387-2",
language = "English",
volume = "444",
pages = "539--554",
journal = "Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics",
issn = "0370-2693",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "3-4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Measurement of the average polarization of b baryons in hadronic Z0 decays

AU - Abbiendi, G.

AU - Ackerstaff, K.

AU - Alexander, G.

AU - Allison, J.

AU - Altekamp, N.

AU - Anderson, K. J.

AU - Anderson, S.

AU - Arcelli, S.

AU - Asai, S.

AU - Ashby, S. F.

AU - Axen, D.

AU - Azuelos, G.

AU - Ball, A. H.

AU - Barberio, E.

AU - Barlow, R. J.

AU - Bartoldus, R.

AU - Batley, J. R.

AU - Baumann, S.

AU - Bechtluft, J.

AU - Behnke, T.

AU - Bell, K. W.

AU - Bella, G.

AU - Bellerive, A.

AU - Bentvelsen, S.

AU - Bethke, S.

AU - Betts, S.

AU - Biebel, O.

AU - Biguzzi, A.

AU - Bird, S. D.

AU - Blobel, V.

AU - Bloodworth, I. J.

AU - Bobinski, M.

AU - Bock, P.

AU - Böhme, J.

AU - Bonacorsi, D.

AU - Boutemeur, M.

AU - Braibant, S.

AU - Bright-Thomas, P.

AU - Brigliadori, L.

AU - Brown, R. M.

AU - Burckhart, H. J.

AU - Burgard, C.

AU - Bürgin, R.

AU - Capiluppi, P.

AU - Carnegie, R. K.

AU - Carter, A. A.

AU - Carter, J. R.

AU - Chang, C. Y.

AU - Charlton, D. G.

AU - Chrisman, D.

AU - Ciocca, C.

AU - Clarke, P. E.L.

AU - Clay, E.

AU - Cohen, I.

AU - Conboy, J. E.

AU - Cooke, O. C.

AU - Couyoumtzelis, C.

AU - Coxe, R. L.

AU - Cuffiani, M.

AU - Dado, S.

AU - Dallavalle, G. M.

AU - Davis, R.

AU - de Jong, S.

AU - del Pozo, L. A.

AU - de Roeck, A.

AU - Desch, K.

AU - Dienes, B.

AU - Dixit, M. S.

AU - Dubbert, J.

AU - Duchovni, E.

AU - Duckeck, G.

AU - Duerdoth, I. P.

AU - Eatough, D.

AU - Estabrooks, P. G.

AU - Etzion, E.

AU - Evans, H. G.

AU - Fabbri, F.

AU - Fanti, M.

AU - Faust, A. A.

AU - Fiedler, F.

AU - Fierro, M.

AU - Fleck, I.

AU - Folman, R.

AU - Fürtjes, A.

AU - Futyan, D. I.

AU - Gagnon, P.

AU - Gary, J. W.

AU - Gascon, J.

AU - Gascon-Shotkin, S. M.

AU - Gaycken, G.

AU - Geich-Gimbel, C.

AU - Giacomelli, G.

AU - Giacomelli, P.

AU - Gibson, V.

AU - Gibson, W. R.

AU - Gingrich, D. M.

AU - Glenzinski, D.

AU - Goldberg, J.

AU - Gorn, W.

AU - Grandi, C.

AU - Gross, E.

AU - Grunhaus, J.

AU - Gruwé, M.

AU - Hanson, G. G.

AU - Hansroul, M.

AU - Hapke, M.

AU - Harder, K.

AU - Hargrove, C. K.

AU - Hartmann, C.

AU - Hauschild, M.

AU - Hawkes, C. M.

AU - Hawkings, R.

AU - Hemingway, R. J.

AU - Herndon, M.

AU - Herten, G.

AU - Heuer, R. D.

AU - Hildreth, M. D.

AU - Hill, J. C.

AU - Hillier, S. J.

AU - Hobson, P. R.

AU - Hocker, A.

AU - Homer, R. J.

AU - Honma, A. K.

AU - Horváth, D.

AU - Hossain, K. R.

AU - Howard, R.

AU - Hüntemeyer, P.

AU - Igo-Kemenes, P.

AU - Imrie, D. C.

AU - Ishii, K.

AU - Jacob, F. R.

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PY - 1998/12/24

Y1 - 1998/12/24

N2 - In the Standard Model, b quarks produced in e+e- annihilation at the Z0 peak have a large average longitudinal polarization of -0.94. Some fraction of this polarization is expected to be transferred to b-flavored baryons during hadronization. The average longitudinal polarization of weakly decaying b baryons, 〈PΛb L〉, is measured in approximately 4.3 million hadronic Z0 decays collected with the OPAL detector between 1990 and 1995 at LEP. Those b baryons that decay semileptonically and produce a Λ baryon are identified through the correlation of the baryon number of the Λ and the electric charge of the lepton. In this semileptonic decay, the ratio of the neutrino energy to the lepton energy is a sensitive polarization observable. The neutrino energy is estimated using missing energy measurements. From a fit to the distribution of this ratio, the value 〈PΛb L〉 = -0.56+0.20 -0.13 ± 0.09 is obtained, where the first error is statistical and the second systematic.

AB - In the Standard Model, b quarks produced in e+e- annihilation at the Z0 peak have a large average longitudinal polarization of -0.94. Some fraction of this polarization is expected to be transferred to b-flavored baryons during hadronization. The average longitudinal polarization of weakly decaying b baryons, 〈PΛb L〉, is measured in approximately 4.3 million hadronic Z0 decays collected with the OPAL detector between 1990 and 1995 at LEP. Those b baryons that decay semileptonically and produce a Λ baryon are identified through the correlation of the baryon number of the Λ and the electric charge of the lepton. In this semileptonic decay, the ratio of the neutrino energy to the lepton energy is a sensitive polarization observable. The neutrino energy is estimated using missing energy measurements. From a fit to the distribution of this ratio, the value 〈PΛb L〉 = -0.56+0.20 -0.13 ± 0.09 is obtained, where the first error is statistical and the second systematic.

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U2 - 10.1016/S0370-2693(98)01387-2

DO - 10.1016/S0370-2693(98)01387-2

M3 - Article

VL - 444

SP - 539

EP - 554

JO - Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics

JF - Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics

SN - 0370-2693

IS - 3-4

ER -