Measurement of the group velocity of light in sea water at the ANTARES site

S. Adrián-Martínez, I. Al Samarai, A. Albert, M. André, M. Anghinolfi, G. Anton, S. Anvar, M. Ardid, A. C. Assis Jesus, T. Astraatmadja, J. J. Aubert, B. Baret, S. Basa, V. Bertin, S. Biagi, A. Bigi, C. Bigongiari, C. Bogazzi, M. Bou-Cabo, B. BouhouM. C. Bouwhuis, J. Brunner, J. Busto, F. Camarena, A. Capone, C. Cârloganu, G. Carminati, J. Carr, S. Cecchini, Z. Charif, Ph Charvis, T. Chiarusi, M. Circella, H. Costantini, P. Coyle, C. Curtil, G. De Bonis, M. P. Decowski, I. Dekeyser, A. Deschamps, C. Distefano, C. Donzaud, D. Dornic, Q. Dorosti, D. Drouhin, T. Eberl, U. Emanuele, A. Enzenhöfer, J. P. Ernenwein, S. Escoffier, P. Fermani, M. Ferri, V. Flaminio, F. Folger, U. Fritsch, J. L. Fuda, S. Galatà, P. Gay, K. Geyer, G. Giacomelli, V. Giordano, J. P. Gómez-González, K. Graf, G. Guillard, G. Halladjian, G. Hallewell, H. Van Haren, J. Hartman, A. J. Heijboer, Y. Hello, J. J. Hernández-Rey, B. Herold, J. Hößl, C. C. Hsu, M. De Jong, M. Kadler, O. Kalekin, A. Kappes, U. Katz, O. Kavatsyuk, P. Kooijman, C. Kopper, A. Kouchner, I. Kreykenbohm, V. Kulikovskiy, R. Lahmann, P. Lamare, G. Larosa, D. Lattuada, D. Lefvre, G. Lim, D. Lo Presti, H. Loehner, S. Loucatos, S. Mangano, M. Marcelin, A. Margiotta, J. A. Martínez-Mora, J. E. McMillan, A. Meli, T. Montaruli, L. Moscoso, H. Motz, M. Neff, E. Nezri, D. Palioselitis, G. E. Pvla, K. Payet, P. Payre, J. Petrovic, P. Piattelli, N. Picot-Clemente, V. Popa, T. Pradier, E. Presani, C. Racca, C. Reed, G. Riccobene, C. Richardt, R. Richter, C. Rivire, A. Robert, K. Roensch, A. Rostovtsev, J. Ruiz-Rivas, M. Rujoiu, G. V. Russo, F. Salesa, D. F.E. Samtleben, P. Sapienza, F. Schöck, J. P. Schuller, F. Schüssler, T. Seitz, R. Shanidze, F. Simeone, A. Spies, M. Spurio, J. J.M. Steijger, Th Stolarczyk, A. Sánchez-Losa, M. Taiuti, C. Tamburini, L. F. Thompson, S. Toscano, B. Vallage, V. Van Elewyck, G. Vannoni, M. Vecchi, P. Vernin, S. Wagner, G. Wijnker, J. Wilms, E. De Wolf, H. Yepes, D. Zaborov, J. D. Zornoza, J. Zúñiga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The group velocity of light has been measured at eight different wavelengths between 385 nm and 532 nm in the Mediterranean Sea at a depth of about 2.2 km with the ANTARES optical beacon systems. A parametrisation of the dependence of the refractive index on wavelength based on the salinity, pressure and temperature of the sea water at the ANTARES site is in good agreement with these measurements.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)552-557
Number of pages6
JournalAstroparticle Physics
Volume35
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Apr 1

Keywords

  • ANTARES
  • Neutrino telescope
  • Optical beacon system
  • Refractive index
  • Velocity of light

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

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    Adrián-Martínez, S., Al Samarai, I., Albert, A., André, M., Anghinolfi, M., Anton, G., Anvar, S., Ardid, M., Assis Jesus, A. C., Astraatmadja, T., Aubert, J. J., Baret, B., Basa, S., Bertin, V., Biagi, S., Bigi, A., Bigongiari, C., Bogazzi, C., Bou-Cabo, M., ... Zúñiga, J. (2012). Measurement of the group velocity of light in sea water at the ANTARES site. Astroparticle Physics, 35(9), 552-557. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.astropartphys.2011.12.003