Measurement of the time dependence of B0 d↔B0 d mixing using a jet charge technique

R. Akers, G. Alexander, J. Allison, K. J. Anderson, S. Arcelli, S. Asai, A. Astbury, D. Axen, G. Azuelos, A. H. Ball, R. J. Barlow, S. Barnett, R. Bartoldus, J. R. Batley, G. Beaudoin, A. Beck, G. A. Beck, J. Becker, C. Beeston, T. BehnkeK. W. Bell, G. Bella, P. Bentkowski, P. Berlich, S. Bethke, O. Biebel, I. J. Bloodworth, P. Bock, B. Boden, H. M. Bosch, M. Boutemeur, P. Bright-Thomas, R. M. Brown, A. Buijs, H. J. Burckhart, C. Burgard, P. Capiluppi, R. K. Carnegie, A. A. Carter, J. R. Carter, C. Y. Chang, C. Charlesworth, D. G. Charlton, S. L. Chu, P. E.L. Clarke, J. C. Clayton, I. Cohen, J. E. Conboy, M. Cooper, M. Coupland, M. Cuffiani, S. Dado, C. Dallapiccola, G. M. Dallavalle, C. Darling, S. De Jong, L. A. del Pozo, H. Deng, M. Dittmar, M. S. Dixit, E. do Couto e Silva, J. E. Duboscq, E. Duchovni, G. Duckeck, I. P. Duerdoth, D. J.P. Dumas, P. A. Elcombe, P. G. Estabrooks, E. Etzion, H. G. Evans, F. Fabbri, B. Fabbro, M. Fierro, M. Fincke-Keeler, H. M. Fischer, R. Folman, D. G. Fong, M. Foucher, H. Fukui, A. Fürtjes, A. Gaidot, J. W. Gary, J. Gascon, N. I. Geddes, C. Geich-Gimbel, S. W. Gensler, F. X. Gentit, T. Geralis, G. Giacomelli, P. Giacomelli, R. Giacomelli, V. Gibson, W. R. Gibson, J. D. Gillies, J. Goldberg, D. M. Gingrich, M. J. Goodrick, W. Gorn, C. Grandi, F. C. Grant, J. Hagemann, G. G. Hanson, M. Hansroul, C. K. Hargrove, P. F. Harrison, J. Hart, P. A. Hart, P. M. Hattersley, M. Hauschild, C. M. Hawkes, E. Heflin, R. J. Hemingway, G. Herten, R. D. Heuer, J. C. Hill, S. J. Hillier, T. Hilse, D. A. Hinshaw, P. R. Hobson, D. Hochman, R. J. Homer, A. K. Honma, R. E. Hughes-Jones, R. Humbert, P. Igo-Kemenes, H. Ihssen, D. C. Imrie, A. Jawahery, P. W. Jeffreys, H. Jeremie, M. Jimack, M. Jones, R. W.L. Jones, P. Jovanovic, C. Jui, D. Karlen, K. Kawagoe, T. Kawamoto, R. K. Keeler, R. G. Kellogg, B. W. Kennedy, J. King, S. Kluth, T. Kobayashi, M. Kobel, D. S. Koetke, T. P. Kokott, Sachio Komamiya, R. Kowalewski, R. Howard, J. von Krogh, J. Kroll, P. Kyberd, G. D. Lafferty, H. Lafoux, R. Lahmann, J. Lauber, J. G. Layter, P. Leblanc, P. Le Du, A. M. Lee, E. Lefebvre, M. H. Lehto, D. Lellouch, C. Leroy, J. Letts, L. Levinson, Z. Li, S. L. Lloyd, F. K. Loebinger, G. D. Long, B. Lorazo, M. J. Losty, X. C. Lou, J. Ludwig, A. Luig, M. Mannelli, S. Marcellini, C. Markus, A. J. Martin, J. P. Martin, T. Mashimo, P. Mättig, U. Maur, J. McKenna, T. J. McMahon, J. R. McNutt, F. Meijers, F. S. Merritt, H. Mes, A. Michelini, R. P. Middleton, G. Mikenberg, J. Mildenberger, D. J. Miller, R. Mir, W. Mohr, C. Moisan, A. Montanari, T. Mori, M. Morii, U. Müller, B. Nellen, H. H. Nguyen, S. W. O'Neale, F. G. Oakham, F. Odorici, H. O. Ogren, C. J. Oram, M. J. Oreglia, S. Orito, J. P. Pansart, P. Paschievici, G. N. Patrick, M. J. Pearce, P. Pfister, J. E. Pilcher, J. Pinfold, D. Pitman, D. E. Plane, P. Poffenberger, B. Poli, T. W. Pritchard, H. Przysiezniak, G. Quast, M. W. Redmond, D. L. Rees, G. E. Richards, M. Rison, S. A. Robins, D. Robinson, A. Rollnik, J. M. Roney, E. Ros, S. Rossberg, A. M. Rossi, M. Rosvick, P. Routenburg, K. Runge, O. Runolfsson, D. R. Rust, M. Sasaki, C. Sbarra, A. D. Schaile, O. Schaile, F. Scharf, P. Scharff-Hansen, P. Schenk, B. Schmitt, H. von der Schmitt, M. Schröder, H. C. Schultz-Coulon, P. Schütz, M. Schulz, C. Schwick, J. Schwiening, W. G. Scott, M. Settles, T. G. Shears, B. C. Shen, C. H. Shepherd-Themistocleous, P. Sherwood, G. P. Siroli, A. Skillman, A. Skuja, A. M. Smith, T. J. Smith, G. A. Snow, R. Sobie, R. W. Springer, M. Sproston, A. Stahl, C. Stegmann, K. Stephens, J. Steuerer, R. Ströhmer, D. Strom, H. Takeda, S. Tarem, M. Tecchio, P. Teixeira-Dias, N. Tesch, M. A. Thomson, E. Torrente-Lujan, S. Towers, N. J. Tresilian, T. Tsukamoto, M. F. Turner, D. Van den plas, R. Van Kooten, G. J. VanDalen, G. Vasseur, M. Vincter, A. Wagner, D. L. Wagner, C. Wahl, C. P. Ward, D. R. Ward, J. J. Ward, P. M. Watkins, A. T. Watson, N. K. Watson, P. Weber, P. S. Wells, N. Wermes, B. Wilkens, G. W. Wilson, J. A. Wilson, V. H. Winterer, T. Wlodek, G. Wolf, S. Wotton, T. R. Wyatt, R. Yaari, A. Yeaman, G. Yekutieli, M. Yurko, W. Zeuner, G. T. Zorn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

64 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The observation and measurement of the time-dependence of B0 d↔B0 d mixing are described. The B0 d meson is reconstructed in final states that contain a D*- and an ℓ+, where the b flavour of the B0 d at decay time is tagged by the electric charge of the lepton. A new and efficient method, using a jet charge technique, is developed for identifying the b flavour of the produced B0 d. From a sample of 556 D candidates reconstructed in the OPAL data collected during 1990-1993, the B0 d↔B0 d oscillation frequency is measured to be Δmd = 0.508 ± 0.075 (stat) ±0.025(syst) ps-1 giving an oscillation parameter of χd = 0.73 ± 0.11 (stat) ±0.08 (syst), where 0.076 of the systematic error on χd arises from the uncertainty on the B0 d lifetime.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)411-424
Number of pages14
JournalPhysics Letters B
Volume327
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1994 May 19
Externally publishedYes

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time dependence
oscillations
electric charge
systematic errors
leptons
mesons
life (durability)
decay

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

Akers, R., Alexander, G., Allison, J., Anderson, K. J., Arcelli, S., Asai, S., ... Zorn, G. T. (1994). Measurement of the time dependence of B0 d↔B0 d mixing using a jet charge technique. Physics Letters B, 327(3-4), 411-424. https://doi.org/10.1016/0370-2693(94)90747-1

Measurement of the time dependence of B0 d↔B0 d mixing using a jet charge technique. / Akers, R.; Alexander, G.; Allison, J.; Anderson, K. J.; Arcelli, S.; Asai, S.; Astbury, A.; Axen, D.; Azuelos, G.; Ball, A. H.; Barlow, R. J.; Barnett, S.; Bartoldus, R.; Batley, J. R.; Beaudoin, G.; Beck, A.; Beck, G. A.; Becker, J.; Beeston, C.; Behnke, T.; Bell, K. W.; Bella, G.; Bentkowski, P.; Berlich, P.; Bethke, S.; Biebel, O.; Bloodworth, I. J.; Bock, P.; Boden, B.; Bosch, H. M.; Boutemeur, M.; Bright-Thomas, P.; Brown, R. M.; Buijs, A.; Burckhart, H. J.; Burgard, C.; Capiluppi, P.; Carnegie, R. K.; Carter, A. A.; Carter, J. R.; Chang, C. Y.; Charlesworth, C.; Charlton, D. G.; Chu, S. L.; Clarke, P. E.L.; Clayton, J. C.; Cohen, I.; Conboy, J. E.; Cooper, M.; Coupland, M.; Cuffiani, M.; Dado, S.; Dallapiccola, C.; Dallavalle, G. M.; Darling, C.; De Jong, S.; del Pozo, L. A.; Deng, H.; Dittmar, M.; Dixit, M. S.; do Couto e Silva, E.; Duboscq, J. E.; Duchovni, E.; Duckeck, G.; Duerdoth, I. P.; Dumas, D. J.P.; Elcombe, P. A.; Estabrooks, P. G.; Etzion, E.; Evans, H. G.; Fabbri, F.; Fabbro, B.; Fierro, M.; Fincke-Keeler, M.; Fischer, H. M.; Folman, R.; Fong, D. G.; Foucher, M.; Fukui, H.; Fürtjes, A.; Gaidot, A.; Gary, J. W.; Gascon, J.; Geddes, N. I.; Geich-Gimbel, C.; Gensler, S. W.; Gentit, F. X.; Geralis, T.; Giacomelli, G.; Giacomelli, P.; Giacomelli, R.; Gibson, V.; Gibson, W. R.; Gillies, J. D.; Goldberg, J.; Gingrich, D. M.; Goodrick, M. J.; Gorn, W.; Grandi, C.; Grant, F. C.; Hagemann, J.; Hanson, G. G.; Hansroul, M.; Hargrove, C. K.; Harrison, P. F.; Hart, J.; Hart, P. A.; Hattersley, P. M.; Hauschild, M.; Hawkes, C. M.; Heflin, E.; Hemingway, R. J.; Herten, G.; Heuer, R. D.; Hill, J. C.; Hillier, S. J.; Hilse, T.; Hinshaw, D. A.; Hobson, P. R.; Hochman, D.; Homer, R. J.; Honma, A. K.; Hughes-Jones, R. E.; Humbert, R.; Igo-Kemenes, P.; Ihssen, H.; Imrie, D. C.; Jawahery, A.; Jeffreys, P. W.; Jeremie, H.; Jimack, M.; Jones, M.; Jones, R. W.L.; Jovanovic, P.; Jui, C.; Karlen, D.; Kawagoe, K.; Kawamoto, T.; Keeler, R. K.; Kellogg, R. G.; Kennedy, B. W.; King, J.; Kluth, S.; Kobayashi, T.; Kobel, M.; Koetke, D. S.; Kokott, T. P.; Komamiya, Sachio; Kowalewski, R.; Howard, R.; von Krogh, J.; Kroll, J.; Kyberd, P.; Lafferty, G. D.; Lafoux, H.; Lahmann, R.; Lauber, J.; Layter, J. G.; Leblanc, P.; Le Du, P.; Lee, A. M.; Lefebvre, E.; Lehto, M. H.; Lellouch, D.; Leroy, C.; Letts, J.; Levinson, L.; Li, Z.; Lloyd, S. L.; Loebinger, F. K.; Long, G. D.; Lorazo, B.; Losty, M. J.; Lou, X. C.; Ludwig, J.; Luig, A.; Mannelli, M.; Marcellini, S.; Markus, C.; Martin, A. J.; Martin, J. P.; Mashimo, T.; Mättig, P.; Maur, U.; McKenna, J.; McMahon, T. J.; McNutt, J. R.; Meijers, F.; Merritt, F. S.; Mes, H.; Michelini, A.; Middleton, R. P.; Mikenberg, G.; Mildenberger, J.; Miller, D. J.; Mir, R.; Mohr, W.; Moisan, C.; Montanari, A.; Mori, T.; Morii, M.; Müller, U.; Nellen, B.; Nguyen, H. H.; O'Neale, S. W.; Oakham, F. G.; Odorici, F.; Ogren, H. O.; Oram, C. J.; Oreglia, M. J.; Orito, S.; Pansart, J. P.; Paschievici, P.; Patrick, G. N.; Pearce, M. J.; Pfister, P.; Pilcher, J. E.; Pinfold, J.; Pitman, D.; Plane, D. E.; Poffenberger, P.; Poli, B.; Pritchard, T. W.; Przysiezniak, H.; Quast, G.; Redmond, M. W.; Rees, D. L.; Richards, G. E.; Rison, M.; Robins, S. A.; Robinson, D.; Rollnik, A.; Roney, J. M.; Ros, E.; Rossberg, S.; Rossi, A. M.; Rosvick, M.; Routenburg, P.; Runge, K.; Runolfsson, O.; Rust, D. R.; Sasaki, M.; Sbarra, C.; Schaile, A. D.; Schaile, O.; Scharf, F.; Scharff-Hansen, P.; Schenk, P.; Schmitt, B.; von der Schmitt, H.; Schröder, M.; Schultz-Coulon, H. C.; Schütz, P.; Schulz, M.; Schwick, C.; Schwiening, J.; Scott, W. G.; Settles, M.; Shears, T. G.; Shen, B. C.; Shepherd-Themistocleous, C. H.; Sherwood, P.; Siroli, G. P.; Skillman, A.; Skuja, A.; Smith, A. M.; Smith, T. J.; Snow, G. A.; Sobie, R.; Springer, R. W.; Sproston, M.; Stahl, A.; Stegmann, C.; Stephens, K.; Steuerer, J.; Ströhmer, R.; Strom, D.; Takeda, H.; Tarem, S.; Tecchio, M.; Teixeira-Dias, P.; Tesch, N.; Thomson, M. A.; Torrente-Lujan, E.; Towers, S.; Tresilian, N. J.; Tsukamoto, T.; Turner, M. F.; Van den plas, D.; Van Kooten, R.; VanDalen, G. J.; Vasseur, G.; Vincter, M.; Wagner, A.; Wagner, D. L.; Wahl, C.; Ward, C. P.; Ward, D. R.; Ward, J. J.; Watkins, P. M.; Watson, A. T.; Watson, N. K.; Weber, P.; Wells, P. S.; Wermes, N.; Wilkens, B.; Wilson, G. W.; Wilson, J. A.; Winterer, V. H.; Wlodek, T.; Wolf, G.; Wotton, S.; Wyatt, T. R.; Yaari, R.; Yeaman, A.; Yekutieli, G.; Yurko, M.; Zeuner, W.; Zorn, G. T.

In: Physics Letters B, Vol. 327, No. 3-4, 19.05.1994, p. 411-424.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Akers, R, Alexander, G, Allison, J, Anderson, KJ, Arcelli, S, Asai, S, Astbury, A, Axen, D, Azuelos, G, Ball, AH, Barlow, RJ, Barnett, S, Bartoldus, R, Batley, JR, Beaudoin, G, Beck, A, Beck, GA, Becker, J, Beeston, C, Behnke, T, Bell, KW, Bella, G, Bentkowski, P, Berlich, P, Bethke, S, Biebel, O, Bloodworth, IJ, Bock, P, Boden, B, Bosch, HM, Boutemeur, M, Bright-Thomas, P, Brown, RM, Buijs, A, Burckhart, HJ, Burgard, C, Capiluppi, P, Carnegie, RK, Carter, AA, Carter, JR, Chang, CY, Charlesworth, C, Charlton, DG, Chu, SL, Clarke, PEL, Clayton, JC, Cohen, I, Conboy, JE, Cooper, M, Coupland, M, Cuffiani, M, Dado, S, Dallapiccola, C, Dallavalle, GM, Darling, C, De Jong, S, del Pozo, LA, Deng, H, Dittmar, M, Dixit, MS, do Couto e Silva, E, Duboscq, JE, Duchovni, E, Duckeck, G, Duerdoth, IP, Dumas, DJP, Elcombe, PA, Estabrooks, PG, Etzion, E, Evans, HG, Fabbri, F, Fabbro, B, Fierro, M, Fincke-Keeler, M, Fischer, HM, Folman, R, Fong, DG, Foucher, M, Fukui, H, Fürtjes, A, Gaidot, A, Gary, JW, Gascon, J, Geddes, NI, Geich-Gimbel, C, Gensler, SW, Gentit, FX, Geralis, T, Giacomelli, G, Giacomelli, P, Giacomelli, R, Gibson, V, Gibson, WR, Gillies, JD, Goldberg, J, Gingrich, DM, Goodrick, MJ, Gorn, W, Grandi, C, Grant, FC, Hagemann, J, Hanson, GG, Hansroul, M, Hargrove, CK, Harrison, PF, Hart, J, Hart, PA, Hattersley, PM, Hauschild, M, Hawkes, CM, Heflin, E, Hemingway, RJ, Herten, G, Heuer, RD, Hill, JC, Hillier, SJ, Hilse, T, Hinshaw, DA, Hobson, PR, Hochman, D, Homer, RJ, Honma, AK, Hughes-Jones, RE, Humbert, R, Igo-Kemenes, P, Ihssen, H, Imrie, DC, Jawahery, A, Jeffreys, PW, Jeremie, H, Jimack, M, Jones, M, Jones, RWL, Jovanovic, P, Jui, C, Karlen, D, Kawagoe, K, Kawamoto, T, Keeler, RK, Kellogg, RG, Kennedy, BW, King, J, Kluth, S, Kobayashi, T, Kobel, M, Koetke, DS, Kokott, TP, Komamiya, S, Kowalewski, R, Howard, R, von Krogh, J, Kroll, J, Kyberd, P, Lafferty, GD, Lafoux, H, Lahmann, R, Lauber, J, Layter, JG, Leblanc, P, Le Du, P, Lee, AM, Lefebvre, E, Lehto, MH, Lellouch, D, Leroy, C, Letts, J, Levinson, L, Li, Z, Lloyd, SL, Loebinger, FK, Long, GD, Lorazo, B, Losty, MJ, Lou, XC, Ludwig, J, Luig, A, Mannelli, M, Marcellini, S, Markus, C, Martin, AJ, Martin, JP, Mashimo, T, Mättig, P, Maur, U, McKenna, J, McMahon, TJ, McNutt, JR, Meijers, F, Merritt, FS, Mes, H, Michelini, A, Middleton, RP, Mikenberg, G, Mildenberger, J, Miller, DJ, Mir, R, Mohr, W, Moisan, C, Montanari, A, Mori, T, Morii, M, Müller, U, Nellen, B, Nguyen, HH, O'Neale, SW, Oakham, FG, Odorici, F, Ogren, HO, Oram, CJ, Oreglia, MJ, Orito, S, Pansart, JP, Paschievici, P, Patrick, GN, Pearce, MJ, Pfister, P, Pilcher, JE, Pinfold, J, Pitman, D, Plane, DE, Poffenberger, P, Poli, B, Pritchard, TW, Przysiezniak, H, Quast, G, Redmond, MW, Rees, DL, Richards, GE, Rison, M, Robins, SA, Robinson, D, Rollnik, A, Roney, JM, Ros, E, Rossberg, S, Rossi, AM, Rosvick, M, Routenburg, P, Runge, K, Runolfsson, O, Rust, DR, Sasaki, M, Sbarra, C, Schaile, AD, Schaile, O, Scharf, F, Scharff-Hansen, P, Schenk, P, Schmitt, B, von der Schmitt, H, Schröder, M, Schultz-Coulon, HC, Schütz, P, Schulz, M, Schwick, C, Schwiening, J, Scott, WG, Settles, M, Shears, TG, Shen, BC, Shepherd-Themistocleous, CH, Sherwood, P, Siroli, GP, Skillman, A, Skuja, A, Smith, AM, Smith, TJ, Snow, GA, Sobie, R, Springer, RW, Sproston, M, Stahl, A, Stegmann, C, Stephens, K, Steuerer, J, Ströhmer, R, Strom, D, Takeda, H, Tarem, S, Tecchio, M, Teixeira-Dias, P, Tesch, N, Thomson, MA, Torrente-Lujan, E, Towers, S, Tresilian, NJ, Tsukamoto, T, Turner, MF, Van den plas, D, Van Kooten, R, VanDalen, GJ, Vasseur, G, Vincter, M, Wagner, A, Wagner, DL, Wahl, C, Ward, CP, Ward, DR, Ward, JJ, Watkins, PM, Watson, AT, Watson, NK, Weber, P, Wells, PS, Wermes, N, Wilkens, B, Wilson, GW, Wilson, JA, Winterer, VH, Wlodek, T, Wolf, G, Wotton, S, Wyatt, TR, Yaari, R, Yeaman, A, Yekutieli, G, Yurko, M, Zeuner, W & Zorn, GT 1994, 'Measurement of the time dependence of B0 d↔B0 d mixing using a jet charge technique', Physics Letters B, vol. 327, no. 3-4, pp. 411-424. https://doi.org/10.1016/0370-2693(94)90747-1
Akers R, Alexander G, Allison J, Anderson KJ, Arcelli S, Asai S et al. Measurement of the time dependence of B0 d↔B0 d mixing using a jet charge technique. Physics Letters B. 1994 May 19;327(3-4):411-424. https://doi.org/10.1016/0370-2693(94)90747-1
Akers, R. ; Alexander, G. ; Allison, J. ; Anderson, K. J. ; Arcelli, S. ; Asai, S. ; Astbury, A. ; Axen, D. ; Azuelos, G. ; Ball, A. H. ; Barlow, R. J. ; Barnett, S. ; Bartoldus, R. ; Batley, J. R. ; Beaudoin, G. ; Beck, A. ; Beck, G. A. ; Becker, J. ; Beeston, C. ; Behnke, T. ; Bell, K. W. ; Bella, G. ; Bentkowski, P. ; Berlich, P. ; Bethke, S. ; Biebel, O. ; Bloodworth, I. J. ; Bock, P. ; Boden, B. ; Bosch, H. M. ; Boutemeur, M. ; Bright-Thomas, P. ; Brown, R. M. ; Buijs, A. ; Burckhart, H. J. ; Burgard, C. ; Capiluppi, P. ; Carnegie, R. K. ; Carter, A. A. ; Carter, J. R. ; Chang, C. Y. ; Charlesworth, C. ; Charlton, D. G. ; Chu, S. L. ; Clarke, P. E.L. ; Clayton, J. C. ; Cohen, I. ; Conboy, J. E. ; Cooper, M. ; Coupland, M. ; Cuffiani, M. ; Dado, S. ; Dallapiccola, C. ; Dallavalle, G. M. ; Darling, C. ; De Jong, S. ; del Pozo, L. A. ; Deng, H. ; Dittmar, M. ; Dixit, M. S. ; do Couto e Silva, E. ; Duboscq, J. E. ; Duchovni, E. ; Duckeck, G. ; Duerdoth, I. P. ; Dumas, D. J.P. ; Elcombe, P. A. ; Estabrooks, P. G. ; Etzion, E. ; Evans, H. G. ; Fabbri, F. ; Fabbro, B. ; Fierro, M. ; Fincke-Keeler, M. ; Fischer, H. M. ; Folman, R. ; Fong, D. G. ; Foucher, M. ; Fukui, H. ; Fürtjes, A. ; Gaidot, A. ; Gary, J. W. ; Gascon, J. ; Geddes, N. I. ; Geich-Gimbel, C. ; Gensler, S. W. ; Gentit, F. X. ; Geralis, T. ; Giacomelli, G. ; Giacomelli, P. ; Giacomelli, R. ; Gibson, V. ; Gibson, W. R. ; Gillies, J. D. ; Goldberg, J. ; Gingrich, D. M. ; Goodrick, M. J. ; Gorn, W. ; Grandi, C. ; Grant, F. C. ; Hagemann, J. ; Hanson, G. G. ; Hansroul, M. ; Hargrove, C. K. ; Harrison, P. F. ; Hart, J. ; Hart, P. A. ; Hattersley, P. M. ; Hauschild, M. ; Hawkes, C. M. ; Heflin, E. ; Hemingway, R. J. ; Herten, G. ; Heuer, R. D. ; Hill, J. C. ; Hillier, S. J. ; Hilse, T. ; Hinshaw, D. A. ; Hobson, P. R. ; Hochman, D. ; Homer, R. J. ; Honma, A. K. ; Hughes-Jones, R. E. ; Humbert, R. ; Igo-Kemenes, P. ; Ihssen, H. ; Imrie, D. C. ; Jawahery, A. ; Jeffreys, P. W. ; Jeremie, H. ; Jimack, M. ; Jones, M. ; Jones, R. W.L. ; Jovanovic, P. ; Jui, C. ; Karlen, D. ; Kawagoe, K. ; Kawamoto, T. ; Keeler, R. K. ; Kellogg, R. G. ; Kennedy, B. W. ; King, J. ; Kluth, S. ; Kobayashi, T. ; Kobel, M. ; Koetke, D. S. ; Kokott, T. P. ; Komamiya, Sachio ; Kowalewski, R. ; Howard, R. ; von Krogh, J. ; Kroll, J. ; Kyberd, P. ; Lafferty, G. D. ; Lafoux, H. ; Lahmann, R. ; Lauber, J. ; Layter, J. G. ; Leblanc, P. ; Le Du, P. ; Lee, A. M. ; Lefebvre, E. ; Lehto, M. H. ; Lellouch, D. ; Leroy, C. ; Letts, J. ; Levinson, L. ; Li, Z. ; Lloyd, S. L. ; Loebinger, F. K. ; Long, G. D. ; Lorazo, B. ; Losty, M. J. ; Lou, X. C. ; Ludwig, J. ; Luig, A. ; Mannelli, M. ; Marcellini, S. ; Markus, C. ; Martin, A. J. ; Martin, J. P. ; Mashimo, T. ; Mättig, P. ; Maur, U. ; McKenna, J. ; McMahon, T. J. ; McNutt, J. R. ; Meijers, F. ; Merritt, F. S. ; Mes, H. ; Michelini, A. ; Middleton, R. P. ; Mikenberg, G. ; Mildenberger, J. ; Miller, D. J. ; Mir, R. ; Mohr, W. ; Moisan, C. ; Montanari, A. ; Mori, T. ; Morii, M. ; Müller, U. ; Nellen, B. ; Nguyen, H. H. ; O'Neale, S. W. ; Oakham, F. G. ; Odorici, F. ; Ogren, H. O. ; Oram, C. J. ; Oreglia, M. J. ; Orito, S. ; Pansart, J. P. ; Paschievici, P. ; Patrick, G. N. ; Pearce, M. J. ; Pfister, P. ; Pilcher, J. E. ; Pinfold, J. ; Pitman, D. ; Plane, D. E. ; Poffenberger, P. ; Poli, B. ; Pritchard, T. W. ; Przysiezniak, H. ; Quast, G. ; Redmond, M. W. ; Rees, D. L. ; Richards, G. E. ; Rison, M. ; Robins, S. A. ; Robinson, D. ; Rollnik, A. ; Roney, J. M. ; Ros, E. ; Rossberg, S. ; Rossi, A. M. ; Rosvick, M. ; Routenburg, P. ; Runge, K. ; Runolfsson, O. ; Rust, D. R. ; Sasaki, M. ; Sbarra, C. ; Schaile, A. D. ; Schaile, O. ; Scharf, F. ; Scharff-Hansen, P. ; Schenk, P. ; Schmitt, B. ; von der Schmitt, H. ; Schröder, M. ; Schultz-Coulon, H. C. ; Schütz, P. ; Schulz, M. ; Schwick, C. ; Schwiening, J. ; Scott, W. G. ; Settles, M. ; Shears, T. G. ; Shen, B. C. ; Shepherd-Themistocleous, C. H. ; Sherwood, P. ; Siroli, G. P. ; Skillman, A. ; Skuja, A. ; Smith, A. M. ; Smith, T. J. ; Snow, G. A. ; Sobie, R. ; Springer, R. W. ; Sproston, M. ; Stahl, A. ; Stegmann, C. ; Stephens, K. ; Steuerer, J. ; Ströhmer, R. ; Strom, D. ; Takeda, H. ; Tarem, S. ; Tecchio, M. ; Teixeira-Dias, P. ; Tesch, N. ; Thomson, M. A. ; Torrente-Lujan, E. ; Towers, S. ; Tresilian, N. J. ; Tsukamoto, T. ; Turner, M. F. ; Van den plas, D. ; Van Kooten, R. ; VanDalen, G. J. ; Vasseur, G. ; Vincter, M. ; Wagner, A. ; Wagner, D. L. ; Wahl, C. ; Ward, C. P. ; Ward, D. R. ; Ward, J. J. ; Watkins, P. M. ; Watson, A. T. ; Watson, N. K. ; Weber, P. ; Wells, P. S. ; Wermes, N. ; Wilkens, B. ; Wilson, G. W. ; Wilson, J. A. ; Winterer, V. H. ; Wlodek, T. ; Wolf, G. ; Wotton, S. ; Wyatt, T. R. ; Yaari, R. ; Yeaman, A. ; Yekutieli, G. ; Yurko, M. ; Zeuner, W. ; Zorn, G. T. / Measurement of the time dependence of B0 d↔B0 d mixing using a jet charge technique. In: Physics Letters B. 1994 ; Vol. 327, No. 3-4. pp. 411-424.
@article{cd48a1a8c5d1405ca94ab09ab507865c,
title = "Measurement of the time dependence of B0 d↔B0 d mixing using a jet charge technique",
abstract = "The observation and measurement of the time-dependence of B0 d↔B0 d mixing are described. The B0 d meson is reconstructed in final states that contain a D*- and an ℓ+, where the b flavour of the B0 d at decay time is tagged by the electric charge of the lepton. A new and efficient method, using a jet charge technique, is developed for identifying the b flavour of the produced B0 d. From a sample of 556 D*±ℓ∓ candidates reconstructed in the OPAL data collected during 1990-1993, the B0 d↔B0 d oscillation frequency is measured to be Δmd = 0.508 ± 0.075 (stat) ±0.025(syst) ps-1 giving an oscillation parameter of χd = 0.73 ± 0.11 (stat) ±0.08 (syst), where 0.076 of the systematic error on χd arises from the uncertainty on the B0 d lifetime.",
author = "R. Akers and G. Alexander and J. Allison and Anderson, {K. J.} and S. Arcelli and S. Asai and A. Astbury and D. Axen and G. Azuelos and Ball, {A. H.} and Barlow, {R. J.} and S. Barnett and R. Bartoldus and Batley, {J. R.} and G. Beaudoin and A. Beck and Beck, {G. A.} and J. Becker and C. Beeston and T. Behnke and Bell, {K. W.} and G. Bella and P. Bentkowski and P. Berlich and S. Bethke and O. Biebel and Bloodworth, {I. J.} and P. Bock and B. Boden and Bosch, {H. M.} and M. Boutemeur and P. Bright-Thomas and Brown, {R. M.} and A. Buijs and Burckhart, {H. J.} and C. Burgard and P. Capiluppi and Carnegie, {R. K.} and Carter, {A. A.} and Carter, {J. R.} and Chang, {C. Y.} and C. Charlesworth and Charlton, {D. G.} and Chu, {S. L.} and Clarke, {P. E.L.} and Clayton, {J. C.} and I. Cohen and Conboy, {J. E.} and M. Cooper and M. Coupland and M. Cuffiani and S. Dado and C. Dallapiccola and Dallavalle, {G. M.} and C. Darling and {De Jong}, S. and {del Pozo}, {L. A.} and H. Deng and M. Dittmar and Dixit, {M. S.} and {do Couto e Silva}, E. and Duboscq, {J. E.} and E. Duchovni and G. Duckeck and Duerdoth, {I. P.} and Dumas, {D. J.P.} and Elcombe, {P. A.} and Estabrooks, {P. G.} and E. Etzion and Evans, {H. G.} and F. Fabbri and B. Fabbro and M. Fierro and M. Fincke-Keeler and Fischer, {H. M.} and R. Folman and Fong, {D. G.} and M. Foucher and H. Fukui and A. F{\"u}rtjes and A. Gaidot and Gary, {J. W.} and J. Gascon and Geddes, {N. I.} and C. Geich-Gimbel and Gensler, {S. W.} and Gentit, {F. X.} and T. Geralis and G. Giacomelli and P. Giacomelli and R. Giacomelli and V. Gibson and Gibson, {W. R.} and Gillies, {J. D.} and J. Goldberg and Gingrich, {D. M.} and Goodrick, {M. J.} and W. Gorn and C. Grandi and Grant, {F. C.} and J. Hagemann and Hanson, {G. G.} and M. Hansroul and Hargrove, {C. K.} and Harrison, {P. F.} and J. Hart and Hart, {P. A.} and Hattersley, {P. M.} and M. Hauschild and Hawkes, {C. M.} and E. Heflin and Hemingway, {R. J.} and G. Herten and Heuer, {R. D.} and Hill, {J. C.} and Hillier, {S. J.} and T. Hilse and Hinshaw, {D. A.} and Hobson, {P. R.} and D. Hochman and Homer, {R. J.} and Honma, {A. K.} and Hughes-Jones, {R. E.} and R. Humbert and P. Igo-Kemenes and H. Ihssen and Imrie, {D. C.} and A. Jawahery and Jeffreys, {P. W.} and H. Jeremie and M. Jimack and M. Jones and Jones, {R. W.L.} and P. Jovanovic and C. Jui and D. Karlen and K. Kawagoe and T. Kawamoto and Keeler, {R. K.} and Kellogg, {R. G.} and Kennedy, {B. W.} and J. King and S. Kluth and T. Kobayashi and M. Kobel and Koetke, {D. S.} and Kokott, {T. P.} and Sachio Komamiya and R. Kowalewski and R. Howard and {von Krogh}, J. and J. Kroll and P. Kyberd and Lafferty, {G. D.} and H. Lafoux and R. Lahmann and J. Lauber and Layter, {J. G.} and P. Leblanc and {Le Du}, P. and Lee, {A. M.} and E. Lefebvre and Lehto, {M. H.} and D. Lellouch and C. Leroy and J. Letts and L. Levinson and Z. Li and Lloyd, {S. L.} and Loebinger, {F. K.} and Long, {G. D.} and B. Lorazo and Losty, {M. J.} and Lou, {X. C.} and J. Ludwig and A. Luig and M. Mannelli and S. Marcellini and C. Markus and Martin, {A. J.} and Martin, {J. P.} and T. Mashimo and P. M{\"a}ttig and U. Maur and J. McKenna and McMahon, {T. J.} and McNutt, {J. R.} and F. Meijers and Merritt, {F. S.} and H. Mes and A. Michelini and Middleton, {R. P.} and G. Mikenberg and J. Mildenberger and Miller, {D. J.} and R. Mir and W. Mohr and C. Moisan and A. Montanari and T. Mori and M. Morii and U. M{\"u}ller and B. Nellen and Nguyen, {H. H.} and O'Neale, {S. W.} and Oakham, {F. G.} and F. Odorici and Ogren, {H. O.} and Oram, {C. J.} and Oreglia, {M. J.} and S. Orito and Pansart, {J. P.} and P. Paschievici and Patrick, {G. N.} and Pearce, {M. J.} and P. Pfister and Pilcher, {J. E.} and J. Pinfold and D. Pitman and Plane, {D. E.} and P. Poffenberger and B. Poli and Pritchard, {T. W.} and H. Przysiezniak and G. Quast and Redmond, {M. W.} and Rees, {D. L.} and Richards, {G. E.} and M. Rison and Robins, {S. A.} and D. Robinson and A. Rollnik and Roney, {J. M.} and E. Ros and S. Rossberg and Rossi, {A. M.} and M. Rosvick and P. Routenburg and K. Runge and O. Runolfsson and Rust, {D. R.} and M. Sasaki and C. Sbarra and Schaile, {A. D.} and O. Schaile and F. Scharf and P. Scharff-Hansen and P. Schenk and B. Schmitt and {von der Schmitt}, H. and M. Schr{\"o}der and Schultz-Coulon, {H. C.} and P. Sch{\"u}tz and M. Schulz and C. Schwick and J. Schwiening and Scott, {W. G.} and M. Settles and Shears, {T. G.} and Shen, {B. C.} and Shepherd-Themistocleous, {C. H.} and P. Sherwood and Siroli, {G. P.} and A. Skillman and A. Skuja and Smith, {A. M.} and Smith, {T. J.} and Snow, {G. A.} and R. Sobie and Springer, {R. W.} and M. Sproston and A. Stahl and C. Stegmann and K. Stephens and J. Steuerer and R. Str{\"o}hmer and D. Strom and H. Takeda and S. Tarem and M. Tecchio and P. Teixeira-Dias and N. Tesch and Thomson, {M. A.} and E. Torrente-Lujan and S. Towers and Tresilian, {N. J.} and T. Tsukamoto and Turner, {M. F.} and {Van den plas}, D. and {Van Kooten}, R. and VanDalen, {G. J.} and G. Vasseur and M. Vincter and A. Wagner and Wagner, {D. L.} and C. Wahl and Ward, {C. P.} and Ward, {D. R.} and Ward, {J. J.} and Watkins, {P. M.} and Watson, {A. T.} and Watson, {N. K.} and P. Weber and Wells, {P. S.} and N. Wermes and B. Wilkens and Wilson, {G. W.} and Wilson, {J. A.} and Winterer, {V. H.} and T. Wlodek and G. Wolf and S. Wotton and Wyatt, {T. R.} and R. Yaari and A. Yeaman and G. Yekutieli and M. Yurko and W. Zeuner and Zorn, {G. T.}",
year = "1994",
month = "5",
day = "19",
doi = "10.1016/0370-2693(94)90747-1",
language = "English",
volume = "327",
pages = "411--424",
journal = "Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics",
issn = "0370-2693",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "3-4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Measurement of the time dependence of B0 d↔B0 d mixing using a jet charge technique

AU - Akers, R.

AU - Alexander, G.

AU - Allison, J.

AU - Anderson, K. J.

AU - Arcelli, S.

AU - Asai, S.

AU - Astbury, A.

AU - Axen, D.

AU - Azuelos, G.

AU - Ball, A. H.

AU - Barlow, R. J.

AU - Barnett, S.

AU - Bartoldus, R.

AU - Batley, J. R.

AU - Beaudoin, G.

AU - Beck, A.

AU - Beck, G. A.

AU - Becker, J.

AU - Beeston, C.

AU - Behnke, T.

AU - Bell, K. W.

AU - Bella, G.

AU - Bentkowski, P.

AU - Berlich, P.

AU - Bethke, S.

AU - Biebel, O.

AU - Bloodworth, I. J.

AU - Bock, P.

AU - Boden, B.

AU - Bosch, H. M.

AU - Boutemeur, M.

AU - Bright-Thomas, P.

AU - Brown, R. M.

AU - Buijs, A.

AU - Burckhart, H. J.

AU - Burgard, C.

AU - Capiluppi, P.

AU - Carnegie, R. K.

AU - Carter, A. A.

AU - Carter, J. R.

AU - Chang, C. Y.

AU - Charlesworth, C.

AU - Charlton, D. G.

AU - Chu, S. L.

AU - Clarke, P. E.L.

AU - Clayton, J. C.

AU - Cohen, I.

AU - Conboy, J. E.

AU - Cooper, M.

AU - Coupland, M.

AU - Cuffiani, M.

AU - Dado, S.

AU - Dallapiccola, C.

AU - Dallavalle, G. M.

AU - Darling, C.

AU - De Jong, S.

AU - del Pozo, L. A.

AU - Deng, H.

AU - Dittmar, M.

AU - Dixit, M. S.

AU - do Couto e Silva, E.

AU - Duboscq, J. E.

AU - Duchovni, E.

AU - Duckeck, G.

AU - Duerdoth, I. P.

AU - Dumas, D. J.P.

AU - Elcombe, P. A.

AU - Estabrooks, P. G.

AU - Etzion, E.

AU - Evans, H. G.

AU - Fabbri, F.

AU - Fabbro, B.

AU - Fierro, M.

AU - Fincke-Keeler, M.

AU - Fischer, H. M.

AU - Folman, R.

AU - Fong, D. G.

AU - Foucher, M.

AU - Fukui, H.

AU - Fürtjes, A.

AU - Gaidot, A.

AU - Gary, J. W.

AU - Gascon, J.

AU - Geddes, N. I.

AU - Geich-Gimbel, C.

AU - Gensler, S. W.

AU - Gentit, F. X.

AU - Geralis, T.

AU - Giacomelli, G.

AU - Giacomelli, P.

AU - Giacomelli, R.

AU - Gibson, V.

AU - Gibson, W. R.

AU - Gillies, J. D.

AU - Goldberg, J.

AU - Gingrich, D. M.

AU - Goodrick, M. J.

AU - Gorn, W.

AU - Grandi, C.

AU - Grant, F. C.

AU - Hagemann, J.

AU - Hanson, G. G.

AU - Hansroul, M.

AU - Hargrove, C. K.

AU - Harrison, P. F.

AU - Hart, J.

AU - Hart, P. A.

AU - Hattersley, P. M.

AU - Hauschild, M.

AU - Hawkes, C. M.

AU - Heflin, E.

AU - Hemingway, R. J.

AU - Herten, G.

AU - Heuer, R. D.

AU - Hill, J. C.

AU - Hillier, S. J.

AU - Hilse, T.

AU - Hinshaw, D. A.

AU - Hobson, P. R.

AU - Hochman, D.

AU - Homer, R. J.

AU - Honma, A. K.

AU - Hughes-Jones, R. E.

AU - Humbert, R.

AU - Igo-Kemenes, P.

AU - Ihssen, H.

AU - Imrie, D. C.

AU - Jawahery, A.

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PY - 1994/5/19

Y1 - 1994/5/19

N2 - The observation and measurement of the time-dependence of B0 d↔B0 d mixing are described. The B0 d meson is reconstructed in final states that contain a D*- and an ℓ+, where the b flavour of the B0 d at decay time is tagged by the electric charge of the lepton. A new and efficient method, using a jet charge technique, is developed for identifying the b flavour of the produced B0 d. From a sample of 556 D*±ℓ∓ candidates reconstructed in the OPAL data collected during 1990-1993, the B0 d↔B0 d oscillation frequency is measured to be Δmd = 0.508 ± 0.075 (stat) ±0.025(syst) ps-1 giving an oscillation parameter of χd = 0.73 ± 0.11 (stat) ±0.08 (syst), where 0.076 of the systematic error on χd arises from the uncertainty on the B0 d lifetime.

AB - The observation and measurement of the time-dependence of B0 d↔B0 d mixing are described. The B0 d meson is reconstructed in final states that contain a D*- and an ℓ+, where the b flavour of the B0 d at decay time is tagged by the electric charge of the lepton. A new and efficient method, using a jet charge technique, is developed for identifying the b flavour of the produced B0 d. From a sample of 556 D*±ℓ∓ candidates reconstructed in the OPAL data collected during 1990-1993, the B0 d↔B0 d oscillation frequency is measured to be Δmd = 0.508 ± 0.075 (stat) ±0.025(syst) ps-1 giving an oscillation parameter of χd = 0.73 ± 0.11 (stat) ±0.08 (syst), where 0.076 of the systematic error on χd arises from the uncertainty on the B0 d lifetime.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=4243747691&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=4243747691&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/0370-2693(94)90747-1

DO - 10.1016/0370-2693(94)90747-1

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:4243747691

VL - 327

SP - 411

EP - 424

JO - Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics

JF - Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics

SN - 0370-2693

IS - 3-4

ER -