Measurement of zero degree single photon energy spectra for √s=7 TeV proton-proton collisions at LHC

O. Adriani, L. Bonechi, M. Bongi, G. Castellini, R. D'Alessandro, A. Faus, K. Fukatsu, M. Haguenauer, Y. Itow, K. Kasahara, K. Kawade, D. Macina, T. Mase, K. Masuda, Y. Matsubara, H. Menjo, G. Mitsuka, Y. Muraki, M. Nakai, K. Noda & 15 others P. Papini, A. L. Perrot, S. Ricciarini, T. Sako, Y. Shimizu, K. Suzuki, T. Suzuki, K. Taki, T. Tamura, Shoji Torii, A. Tricomi, W. C. Turner, J. Velasco, A. Viciani, K. Yoshida

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    86 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    In early 2010, the Large Hadron Collider forward (LHCf) experiment measured very forward neutral particle spectra in LHC proton-proton collisions. From a limited data set taken under the best beam conditions (low beam-gas background and low occurrence of pile-up events), the single photon spectra at √s=7 TeV and pseudo-rapidity (Η) ranges from 8.81 to 8.99 and from 10.94 to infinity were obtained for the first time and are reported in this Letter. The spectra from two independent LHCf detectors are consistent with one another and serve as a cross check of the data. The photon spectra are also compared with the predictions of several hadron interaction models that are used extensively for modeling ultra-high energy cosmic-ray showers. Despite conservative estimates for the systematic errors, none of the models agree perfectly with the measurements. A notable difference is found between the data and the DPMJET 3.04 and PYTHIA 8.145 hadron interaction models above 2 TeV where the models predict higher photon yield than the data. The QGSJET II-03 model predicts overall lower photon yield than the data, especially above 2 TeV in the rapidity range 8.81<η<8.99.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)128-134
    Number of pages7
    JournalPhysics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics
    Volume703
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2011 Sep 7

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    energy spectra
    collisions
    protons
    photons
    neutral particles
    cosmic ray showers
    piles
    systematic errors
    infinity
    interactions
    occurrences
    detectors
    estimates
    predictions
    gases
    energy

    Keywords

    • Hadron interaction models
    • LHC
    • Ultra-high energy cosmic-ray

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

    Cite this

    Measurement of zero degree single photon energy spectra for √s=7 TeV proton-proton collisions at LHC. / Adriani, O.; Bonechi, L.; Bongi, M.; Castellini, G.; D'Alessandro, R.; Faus, A.; Fukatsu, K.; Haguenauer, M.; Itow, Y.; Kasahara, K.; Kawade, K.; Macina, D.; Mase, T.; Masuda, K.; Matsubara, Y.; Menjo, H.; Mitsuka, G.; Muraki, Y.; Nakai, M.; Noda, K.; Papini, P.; Perrot, A. L.; Ricciarini, S.; Sako, T.; Shimizu, Y.; Suzuki, K.; Suzuki, T.; Taki, K.; Tamura, T.; Torii, Shoji; Tricomi, A.; Turner, W. C.; Velasco, J.; Viciani, A.; Yoshida, K.

    In: Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics, Vol. 703, No. 2, 07.09.2011, p. 128-134.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Adriani, O, Bonechi, L, Bongi, M, Castellini, G, D'Alessandro, R, Faus, A, Fukatsu, K, Haguenauer, M, Itow, Y, Kasahara, K, Kawade, K, Macina, D, Mase, T, Masuda, K, Matsubara, Y, Menjo, H, Mitsuka, G, Muraki, Y, Nakai, M, Noda, K, Papini, P, Perrot, AL, Ricciarini, S, Sako, T, Shimizu, Y, Suzuki, K, Suzuki, T, Taki, K, Tamura, T, Torii, S, Tricomi, A, Turner, WC, Velasco, J, Viciani, A & Yoshida, K 2011, 'Measurement of zero degree single photon energy spectra for √s=7 TeV proton-proton collisions at LHC', Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics, vol. 703, no. 2, pp. 128-134. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physletb.2011.07.077
    Adriani, O. ; Bonechi, L. ; Bongi, M. ; Castellini, G. ; D'Alessandro, R. ; Faus, A. ; Fukatsu, K. ; Haguenauer, M. ; Itow, Y. ; Kasahara, K. ; Kawade, K. ; Macina, D. ; Mase, T. ; Masuda, K. ; Matsubara, Y. ; Menjo, H. ; Mitsuka, G. ; Muraki, Y. ; Nakai, M. ; Noda, K. ; Papini, P. ; Perrot, A. L. ; Ricciarini, S. ; Sako, T. ; Shimizu, Y. ; Suzuki, K. ; Suzuki, T. ; Taki, K. ; Tamura, T. ; Torii, Shoji ; Tricomi, A. ; Turner, W. C. ; Velasco, J. ; Viciani, A. ; Yoshida, K. / Measurement of zero degree single photon energy spectra for √s=7 TeV proton-proton collisions at LHC. In: Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics. 2011 ; Vol. 703, No. 2. pp. 128-134.
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    abstract = "In early 2010, the Large Hadron Collider forward (LHCf) experiment measured very forward neutral particle spectra in LHC proton-proton collisions. From a limited data set taken under the best beam conditions (low beam-gas background and low occurrence of pile-up events), the single photon spectra at √s=7 TeV and pseudo-rapidity (Η) ranges from 8.81 to 8.99 and from 10.94 to infinity were obtained for the first time and are reported in this Letter. The spectra from two independent LHCf detectors are consistent with one another and serve as a cross check of the data. The photon spectra are also compared with the predictions of several hadron interaction models that are used extensively for modeling ultra-high energy cosmic-ray showers. Despite conservative estimates for the systematic errors, none of the models agree perfectly with the measurements. A notable difference is found between the data and the DPMJET 3.04 and PYTHIA 8.145 hadron interaction models above 2 TeV where the models predict higher photon yield than the data. The QGSJET II-03 model predicts overall lower photon yield than the data, especially above 2 TeV in the rapidity range 8.81<η<8.99.",
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    AU - Adriani, O.

    AU - Bonechi, L.

    AU - Bongi, M.

    AU - Castellini, G.

    AU - D'Alessandro, R.

    AU - Faus, A.

    AU - Fukatsu, K.

    AU - Haguenauer, M.

    AU - Itow, Y.

    AU - Kasahara, K.

    AU - Kawade, K.

    AU - Macina, D.

    AU - Mase, T.

    AU - Masuda, K.

    AU - Matsubara, Y.

    AU - Menjo, H.

    AU - Mitsuka, G.

    AU - Muraki, Y.

    AU - Nakai, M.

    AU - Noda, K.

    AU - Papini, P.

    AU - Perrot, A. L.

    AU - Ricciarini, S.

    AU - Sako, T.

    AU - Shimizu, Y.

    AU - Suzuki, K.

    AU - Suzuki, T.

    AU - Taki, K.

    AU - Tamura, T.

    AU - Torii, Shoji

    AU - Tricomi, A.

    AU - Turner, W. C.

    AU - Velasco, J.

    AU - Viciani, A.

    AU - Yoshida, K.

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