Measurements of carbon efflux from exposed and submerged sediment surfaces using the automatic open/close chamber method in a mangrove forest ― A challenge to clarify carbon dynamics in the pedosphere

Mitsutoshi Tomotsune, Yohei Suzuki, Toshiyuki Ohtsuka, Shimpei Yoshitake, Nobuhiko Suminokura, Hisashi Shinkai, Hiroshi Koizumi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

We measured the CO2 flux from sediment surfaces (soil respiration in the pedosphere to the atmosphere) in a mangrove forest using an improved automatic open/close chamber (AOCC) method. Soil respiration rates and environmental factors were continuously measured from 4 to 8 July, 2013, in a mangrove dominated by Bruguiera gymnorrhiza. Variation in respiration rate did not exhibit a clear correlation with soil temperature. However, tidal effects were related to variation in soil temperature and may also have contributed to variation in respiration rate. High respiration rates were detected immediately before submergence or after exposure, due to the physical effects of tidal variation. Respiration rates during the period of exposure were lower than those in terrestrial ecosystems, likely due to three factors unique to mangrove forests: soil respiration measurements generally do not include root respiration, organic matter decomposition is restricted to a shallow anaerobic area, and some mineralized carbon is lost as dissolved inorganic carbon. Respiration rates during submergence were half of those measured during exposed conditions, suggesting that previous studies overestimated annual soil respiration. Therefore, measuring soil respiration rates during both exposed and submerged conditions using the AOCC method provides a much more accurate understanding of carbon dynamics in the pedosphere of mangrove forests.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)75-83
Number of pages9
JournalJapanese Journal of Ecology
Volume67
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

mangrove forests
soil respiration
mangrove
respiration
sediments
carbon
sediment
submergence
soil temperature
mangrove soils
Bruguiera gymnorhiza
methodology
forest soils
exposure duration
soil organic matter
dissolved inorganic carbon
method
pedosphere
rate
terrestrial ecosystem

Keywords

  • Coastal ecosystem
  • Diurnal variation
  • Mangrove
  • Organic matter decomposition
  • Soil respiration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology

Cite this

Measurements of carbon efflux from exposed and submerged sediment surfaces using the automatic open/close chamber method in a mangrove forest ― A challenge to clarify carbon dynamics in the pedosphere. / Tomotsune, Mitsutoshi; Suzuki, Yohei; Ohtsuka, Toshiyuki; Yoshitake, Shimpei; Suminokura, Nobuhiko; Shinkai, Hisashi; Koizumi, Hiroshi.

In: Japanese Journal of Ecology, Vol. 67, No. 2, 2017, p. 75-83.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{f6970b8294ff4a4fb71a3629171a5f9d,
title = "Measurements of carbon efflux from exposed and submerged sediment surfaces using the automatic open/close chamber method in a mangrove forest ― A challenge to clarify carbon dynamics in the pedosphere",
abstract = "We measured the CO2 flux from sediment surfaces (soil respiration in the pedosphere to the atmosphere) in a mangrove forest using an improved automatic open/close chamber (AOCC) method. Soil respiration rates and environmental factors were continuously measured from 4 to 8 July, 2013, in a mangrove dominated by Bruguiera gymnorrhiza. Variation in respiration rate did not exhibit a clear correlation with soil temperature. However, tidal effects were related to variation in soil temperature and may also have contributed to variation in respiration rate. High respiration rates were detected immediately before submergence or after exposure, due to the physical effects of tidal variation. Respiration rates during the period of exposure were lower than those in terrestrial ecosystems, likely due to three factors unique to mangrove forests: soil respiration measurements generally do not include root respiration, organic matter decomposition is restricted to a shallow anaerobic area, and some mineralized carbon is lost as dissolved inorganic carbon. Respiration rates during submergence were half of those measured during exposed conditions, suggesting that previous studies overestimated annual soil respiration. Therefore, measuring soil respiration rates during both exposed and submerged conditions using the AOCC method provides a much more accurate understanding of carbon dynamics in the pedosphere of mangrove forests.",
keywords = "Coastal ecosystem, Diurnal variation, Mangrove, Organic matter decomposition, Soil respiration",
author = "Mitsutoshi Tomotsune and Yohei Suzuki and Toshiyuki Ohtsuka and Shimpei Yoshitake and Nobuhiko Suminokura and Hisashi Shinkai and Hiroshi Koizumi",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.18960/seitai.67.2_75",
language = "English",
volume = "67",
pages = "75--83",
journal = "Japanese Journal of Ecology",
issn = "0021-5007",
publisher = "Tohoku University",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Measurements of carbon efflux from exposed and submerged sediment surfaces using the automatic open/close chamber method in a mangrove forest ― A challenge to clarify carbon dynamics in the pedosphere

AU - Tomotsune, Mitsutoshi

AU - Suzuki, Yohei

AU - Ohtsuka, Toshiyuki

AU - Yoshitake, Shimpei

AU - Suminokura, Nobuhiko

AU - Shinkai, Hisashi

AU - Koizumi, Hiroshi

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - We measured the CO2 flux from sediment surfaces (soil respiration in the pedosphere to the atmosphere) in a mangrove forest using an improved automatic open/close chamber (AOCC) method. Soil respiration rates and environmental factors were continuously measured from 4 to 8 July, 2013, in a mangrove dominated by Bruguiera gymnorrhiza. Variation in respiration rate did not exhibit a clear correlation with soil temperature. However, tidal effects were related to variation in soil temperature and may also have contributed to variation in respiration rate. High respiration rates were detected immediately before submergence or after exposure, due to the physical effects of tidal variation. Respiration rates during the period of exposure were lower than those in terrestrial ecosystems, likely due to three factors unique to mangrove forests: soil respiration measurements generally do not include root respiration, organic matter decomposition is restricted to a shallow anaerobic area, and some mineralized carbon is lost as dissolved inorganic carbon. Respiration rates during submergence were half of those measured during exposed conditions, suggesting that previous studies overestimated annual soil respiration. Therefore, measuring soil respiration rates during both exposed and submerged conditions using the AOCC method provides a much more accurate understanding of carbon dynamics in the pedosphere of mangrove forests.

AB - We measured the CO2 flux from sediment surfaces (soil respiration in the pedosphere to the atmosphere) in a mangrove forest using an improved automatic open/close chamber (AOCC) method. Soil respiration rates and environmental factors were continuously measured from 4 to 8 July, 2013, in a mangrove dominated by Bruguiera gymnorrhiza. Variation in respiration rate did not exhibit a clear correlation with soil temperature. However, tidal effects were related to variation in soil temperature and may also have contributed to variation in respiration rate. High respiration rates were detected immediately before submergence or after exposure, due to the physical effects of tidal variation. Respiration rates during the period of exposure were lower than those in terrestrial ecosystems, likely due to three factors unique to mangrove forests: soil respiration measurements generally do not include root respiration, organic matter decomposition is restricted to a shallow anaerobic area, and some mineralized carbon is lost as dissolved inorganic carbon. Respiration rates during submergence were half of those measured during exposed conditions, suggesting that previous studies overestimated annual soil respiration. Therefore, measuring soil respiration rates during both exposed and submerged conditions using the AOCC method provides a much more accurate understanding of carbon dynamics in the pedosphere of mangrove forests.

KW - Coastal ecosystem

KW - Diurnal variation

KW - Mangrove

KW - Organic matter decomposition

KW - Soil respiration

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85027684837&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85027684837&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.18960/seitai.67.2_75

DO - 10.18960/seitai.67.2_75

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85027684837

VL - 67

SP - 75

EP - 83

JO - Japanese Journal of Ecology

JF - Japanese Journal of Ecology

SN - 0021-5007

IS - 2

ER -