Measurements of cosmic-ray electron and gamma-ray flux with balloon-borne CALET prototype

T. Niita, Shoji Torii, K. Kasahara, T. Tamura, K. Yoshida, Y. Katayose, H. Murakami, Shunsuke Ozawa, Y. Shimizu, Y. Akaike, Y. Ueyama, D. Ito, M. Karube, K. Kondo, M. Kyutan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We carried out the balloon experiments using CALET (CALorimetric Electron Telescope) prototype detectors in May 2006 (bCALET-1) and August 2009 (bCALET-2) for verification of both the detector performance and the capability of measuring the cosmic rays at higher atmosphere. The bCALET-2 instrument for observing the electrons and the gamma rays at energies in 1-100 GeV is composed of an imaging calorimeter consisting of 4096 scintillating fibers with a total of 3.6 radiation lengths of tungsten plates, and a total absorption calorimeter consisting of crossed 60 BGO logs with a total of 13.4 radiation lengths depth. The bCALET-2 was launched from the Taiki Aerospace Research Field, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, in Hokkaido, and flew successfully for 2.5 hours at a level altitude of 35 km. In this paper, we will present the spectra of electrons and gamma rays in the energy range of 1-100 GeV measured by bCALET-2, comparing with our previous observations, bCALET-1 and BETS. The detector performance is studied by comparing with the simulations, and the observed fluxes are found to be compatible with the expected.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 32nd International Cosmic Ray Conference, ICRC 2011
PublisherInstitute of High Energy Physics
Pages21-24
Number of pages4
Volume6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Event32nd International Cosmic Ray Conference, ICRC 2011 - Beijing
Duration: 2011 Aug 112011 Aug 18

Other

Other32nd International Cosmic Ray Conference, ICRC 2011
CityBeijing
Period11/8/1111/8/18

Fingerprint

particle telescopes
balloons
cosmic rays
prototypes
gamma rays
calorimeters
detectors
scintillating fibers
electrons
radiation
Japan
rays
tungsten
atmospheres
energy
simulation

Keywords

  • Atmospheric gamma-rays
  • Balloon experiment
  • Direct measurement
  • Electrons

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

Niita, T., Torii, S., Kasahara, K., Tamura, T., Yoshida, K., Katayose, Y., ... Kyutan, M. (2011). Measurements of cosmic-ray electron and gamma-ray flux with balloon-borne CALET prototype. In Proceedings of the 32nd International Cosmic Ray Conference, ICRC 2011 (Vol. 6, pp. 21-24). Institute of High Energy Physics. https://doi.org/10.7529/ICRC2011/V06/0355

Measurements of cosmic-ray electron and gamma-ray flux with balloon-borne CALET prototype. / Niita, T.; Torii, Shoji; Kasahara, K.; Tamura, T.; Yoshida, K.; Katayose, Y.; Murakami, H.; Ozawa, Shunsuke; Shimizu, Y.; Akaike, Y.; Ueyama, Y.; Ito, D.; Karube, M.; Kondo, K.; Kyutan, M.

Proceedings of the 32nd International Cosmic Ray Conference, ICRC 2011. Vol. 6 Institute of High Energy Physics, 2011. p. 21-24.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Niita, T, Torii, S, Kasahara, K, Tamura, T, Yoshida, K, Katayose, Y, Murakami, H, Ozawa, S, Shimizu, Y, Akaike, Y, Ueyama, Y, Ito, D, Karube, M, Kondo, K & Kyutan, M 2011, Measurements of cosmic-ray electron and gamma-ray flux with balloon-borne CALET prototype. in Proceedings of the 32nd International Cosmic Ray Conference, ICRC 2011. vol. 6, Institute of High Energy Physics, pp. 21-24, 32nd International Cosmic Ray Conference, ICRC 2011, Beijing, 11/8/11. https://doi.org/10.7529/ICRC2011/V06/0355
Niita T, Torii S, Kasahara K, Tamura T, Yoshida K, Katayose Y et al. Measurements of cosmic-ray electron and gamma-ray flux with balloon-borne CALET prototype. In Proceedings of the 32nd International Cosmic Ray Conference, ICRC 2011. Vol. 6. Institute of High Energy Physics. 2011. p. 21-24 https://doi.org/10.7529/ICRC2011/V06/0355
Niita, T. ; Torii, Shoji ; Kasahara, K. ; Tamura, T. ; Yoshida, K. ; Katayose, Y. ; Murakami, H. ; Ozawa, Shunsuke ; Shimizu, Y. ; Akaike, Y. ; Ueyama, Y. ; Ito, D. ; Karube, M. ; Kondo, K. ; Kyutan, M. / Measurements of cosmic-ray electron and gamma-ray flux with balloon-borne CALET prototype. Proceedings of the 32nd International Cosmic Ray Conference, ICRC 2011. Vol. 6 Institute of High Energy Physics, 2011. pp. 21-24
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